Lapas attēli

Public Health Service review or approval of such publications is not required. It is requested, however, that Federal grant assistance be acknowledged by including in any such publication the following note:

"This solid-waste disposal (demonstration or study and investigation) project was supported in part by a grant from the Public Health Service, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare."

Thirty copies of such publication should be sent to the Regional Health Director for appropriate distribution.

Similarly, an author is free to arrange for copyright without Public Health Service approval provided that the Public Health Service is assured of the right to reproduce and distribute copyrighted material resulting from Federally supported project operations.

XX. Patent Policy

All inventions arising out of activities supported in whole or in part by the Public Health Service grant funds must be promptly and fully reported to the Surgeon General.

Prior to the award of a grant, the Public Health Service must be advised of any outstanding commitments or obligations of the applicant organization, or the professional personnel to be associated with the proposed project, which conflict with the patent regulations of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. A statement concerning patent commitments of the applicant organization, signed by an official of the organization authorized to act in patent matters, must be submitted as part of the initial grant application. In addition, grantees must submit an annual invention statement in connection with continuation applications,

XXI. Compliance with Civil Rights Act of 1964

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 states: "No person in the United States, shall on the grounds of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." The solid-waste disposal project grant must be operated in compliance with this law, and the implementing regulations of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (45 CFR, Part 80). (See instructions for filing application).

XXII. Further Information or Assistance

Further information regarding the Solid Waste Disposal Demonstration, Study and Investigation Project Grant Program, technical assistance, consułtation, and application forms may be obtained through the appropriate Regional Health Director,

Information on other solid-waste disposal grant programs may also be obtained from the regional office.

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Question 5: With respect to the coordination of Federal action regarding air, water, and solid waste pollution abatement, what agreements exist between HEW and other agencies and how is coordination effected to insure that Federal choices and emphasis among research programs do not create problems and deficiencies in other areas?

Answer: The recent transfer of the Federal Water Pollution Control Administration from the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to the Department of the Interior will require that new lines of communication and coordination be established with this

program. The necessary arrangements are currently being worked out by representatives of both Departments.

Coordination with the Bureau of Mines of the Department of the Interior, whose research in air pollution is supported in part by contracts with the Division of Air Pollution, is accomplished by frequent top-level meetings and almost constant liaison among lower level scientific personnel. The Bureau of Mines (and all other Federal agencies conducting research under contracts with the Division of Air Pollution) submits quarterly reports of technical progress and an annual summary report.

The need for close coordination with the activities of the Office of Solid Waste Disposal of the Public Health Service is met in large part through constant communication with staff of that program. The fact that both the Office of Solid Wastes and the Division of Air Pollution are in the same organizational unit of the Public Health Service facilitates liaison and provides opportunities for policy and planning coordination at the next highest level of authority.

The Interdepartmental Committee for Atmospheric Sciences of the Federal Council for Science and Technology is charged with promoting closer cooperation among Federal agencies concerned with problems in the atmospheric sciences, facilitating resolution of common problems, improving the planning and management of research in this area, and advising the President on coordination of Federal programs in the atmospheric sciences. The Division of Air Pollution represents the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on this Committee.

The Division of Air Pollution also represents the Department on the Federal Committee for Meteorological Services and Applied Meteorological Research, which seeks to coordinate the activities of all Federal agencies that provide and use meteorological services or are engaged in meteorological research. The purposes of this group include coordination of research activities, sharing of facilities where possible, standardization of equipment, cooperation in recruitment and training, and identification of major limitations in meteorological knowledge.

A number of Federal agencies which are not directly concerned with air pollution are nonetheless involved in activities which have an important bearing on community air pollution problems. Examples of such programs include the urban renewal and urban mass transit activities of the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the activities of the General Services Administration with respect to purchases of motor vehicles for use by Federal agencies. The legislation authorizing the urban mass transit program required that new vehicles purchased with Federal aid meet air pollution control speci

fications established by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. The development and application of these specifications have been a subject of regular contact between personnel of the Division of Air Pollution and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. In similar fashion, standards established by the General Services Administration for control of air pollution from the new motor vehicles it purchases were developed through consultation with the Division of Air Pollution.

No mechanism exists for regular liaison with the National Science Foundation. The National Science Foundation has not requested that it be kept advised of technological needs in the air pollution field.

The accompanying report provides additional information on coordination of Federal activities in the field of air pollution control.


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(By the Division of Air Pollution, Public Health Service, Department of Health,

Education, and Welfare, June 1965) An important and interesting aspect of the Federal air pollution control program, since its inception in 1955 with the passage of Public Law 84–159, has been the participation in this program by several Federal departments and agencies. However, recent developments have been altering the pattern of interagency relationships in this field.

Prior to the enactment of P.L. 8–159 in 1955, "an Act to provide research and technical assistance relating to air pollution control," an Ad Hoc Interdepartmental Committee on Community Air Pollution was established, in accordance with an informal request from the Office of the President, to survey the Federal role in air pollution and to make recommendations. In its report of April 8, 1955, the Committee included, among its several recommendations, the following: “In conducting this program, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare should utilize the available facilities and resources of other Federal departments and agencies for such necessary services as can best be provided by them."

P.L. 84–159, which was the first Federal statute authorizing an organized Federal air pollution program, incorporated many of the key recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee. It authorized the Surgeon General, U.S. Public Health Service, of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, to develop broad air pollution research programs, in cooperation with other Federal agencies. The Report of the Committee and the Federal air pollution legislation which followed in 1955, clearly designated the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare to be the responsible agency for planning, directing, and conducting the overall program.

This early and definite recognition of the desirability of broad Federal agency participation, under the general direction of the Public Health Service, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was based on several key factors:

(1) The potential serious health hazards of air pollution, as exemplified by the Donora and London disasters and the acute problem in Los Angeles, constituted the basic impetus for the initiation of the Federal program. As a consequence, central responsibility for the program was lodged in the PHS-DHEW. At the same time, the potential health hazards created a sense of urgency to protect the public health through the rapid development of an effective air pollution control program. The use of existing organizations, with applicable technical competence and experience, appeared to offer the most promise for the earliest possible progress.

(2) On general principles of efficiency and sound management, it appeared desirable to make use of existing specialized technical expertise in the Federal establishment, and to avoid the potential cost of unnecessary duplication in building up parallel technical groups. In essence, the rationale of the Economy Act of 1932, which authorized the transfer of funds between Government agencies for the exchange of appropriate services, is pertinent to this approach.

(3) The terms of P.L. 81–159 were such as to place major emphasis on research programs. Broad research activity was authorized toward the end of elucidating the causes, behavior, effects, and means for control of air pollution. Such research activity necessarily involves many scientific, engineering, and related

technical disciplines. These disciplines, with the related accumulation of organizational experience, were to be found in several of the Federal departments and agencies. Several prominent examples are the meteorological competence of the Weather Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce, the plant physiology competence in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the combustion and fuel technology experience of the Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior,

Accordingly, a series of contractual arrangements was developed between the Public Health Service and the several Federal departments and agencies. From the central Federal air pollution appropriation made to the Public Health Service, funds were transferred, under the terms of the Economy Act, to the contractor Federal agencies. A summary listing of these contractual arrangements follows:


Research studies and technical assistance activities to determine the effects of air pollutants on agriculture and to explore the use of agricultural damage as indicators of air pollution. Department of Agriculture scientific personnel have been assigned to the Division of Air Pollution laboratories in Cincinnati, Ohio, under this arrangement. National Bureau of Standards, Department of Commerce

Research projects concerned with the chemical reactions of various pollutants in the atmospheres and with the development of analytical procedures for the determination and measurement of certain pollutants. This work has been principally carried out in the research facilities of the National Bureau of Standards. Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior

A variety of research projects relating to combustion processes, including work on sulfur dioxide removal from flue gas, desulfurization of fuel oil, removal of pollutants from motor vehicle exhaust, analytical methods for measurement of motor vehicle exhaust, extinguishment of burning coal mine waste piles, and incineration techniques. These activities have been carried out in several of the Bureau of Mines' laboratories. Weather Bureau, Department of Commerce

Research and technical assistance activities concerned with the meteorological aspects of air pollution. These include the transport of air pollutants, diffusion and dispersal of pollutants, tracer studies, development of episode forecasting techniques, and

adaptation of the meteorological factor to land use control in industrial zoning. The Weather Bureau has a team of professional meteorologists assigned to the Division of Air Pollution research laboratories in Cincinnati, Ohio, where the principal activities are conducted; some air pollution research is carried out in Weather Bureau facilities. Library of Congress

Air pollution literature abstracting services which have been coordinated with the related activities of the Air Pollution Control Association and appear as APCA Abstracts. The Library concentrates on foreign journals and on the biological sciences, Tennessee Valley Authority

Studies to document flume behavior and related elements under various meteorological conditions with emphasis upon studies concerned with sulfur dioxide emissions. This work is primarily carried out at TVA plants and facilities. Census Bureau, Department of Commerce

The Census Bureau has been used intermittently, on a contract basis, as a key input factor for epidemiological studies involving large population groups. Studies associating various diseases with air pollution, particularly in urban areas, make use of data developed by the Bureau.

For the most part, these contractual relationships started in 1956 and have continued to date. The specific, discrete, projects which are undertaken by the contractor agencies are developed through technical discussions and negotiations and are documented in formal letters of agreement between the Public Health Service and the agencies concerned. Technical progress and related fiscal reports are submitted to the Public Health Service on a quarterly basis.

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