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or 259 10-point, 405 8-point, solid. If the matter is to be leaded, add to depth measurement only the number of points which the lead will occupy (ordinary leads are 2-point). Thus, in the foregoing examples, the length of page being 360 points, add 2 points for leading and the 10-point becomes 12, while the 8-point becomes 10, and so on. Hence, in the 10-point there would be but 30 lines, while in the 8-point there would be but 36 lines, or figured out : 21.6 X 30+3=216 words 10-point; 27 X 36 + 3 =324 8-point words to page leaded with 2-point leads.

The following table of the number of words to the square inch that can be set in various sizes of type will be found useful in averaging the total number of pages which a manuscript will make when set solid :

Number

of Words 5-point, or Pearl

69 5%-point, or Agate

65 6-point, or Nonpareil

47 7-point, or Minion.

38 8-point, or Brevier

32
9-point, or Bourgeois

28
10-point, or Long Primer .
II-point, or Small Pica

17
12-point, or Pica

14
14-point, or English
18-point, or Great Primer

7
24-point, or Double Pica .

4

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II

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THE common sizes of paper known by name in trade use are given in the following table as nearly as possible, the dimensions (in inches) being subject to material variation. The word folio accompanying the name of any size of paper usually means folded once, or as it is when put up into quires; as, crown folio is the crown size folded once, apparently reducing the area onehalf. When folded twice a sheet is termed a quarto, or 4to; three times, octavo, or 8vo; four times, sexto-decimo (rarely used: commonly called 16mo); five times, a 32mo; folded three times with a quarto offcut set in, a duodecimo or 12mo four times with an octavo offcut set in, a 24mo.

The different varieties of writing-papers are classified as ledger, bond, linen (of different makes--as, Old English, Japanese, etc.), and flat, each paper-maker designating the different qualities by trade-mark names.

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72

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Flat cap.

16 X 42

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Pott.

122 X 15 Brief

1334 X 1672

Foolscap 1372 X 17 14 X 17

14 to 20 lbs. Crown

15 X 19
20 and 22
Post.

1574. X 19 Demy. 16 X 21 20 to 30

1572 x 20 Copy or Draft 16

x 20 56 and 60

Large Post . . 1634 X 2074 Folio

17 x 22

14 to 28 Double Foolscap 17 X 28

28 to 40 Medium.

18
24 to 40

1772 X 22 18

78 and so Royal. 20 to 44

X 24 Super Royal 20 54

19 X 27 Double Crown 19 30

44 Double Demy

21

32–33 56 and 60 Imperial 23 31 72

22 X 30 Double Folio.

22

34 32 to 48

23 28 Elephant.

23 28 Colombier 23 80

23% X 34% Double Medium

23

172 and 80

88 Atlas

33
100

126 Double Elephant 27

40
125

2694
Antiquarian
31
200

31 Emperor 48 X

600

19

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Double Royal

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48

* In the foregoing table the leaders denote that the same name is used in Great Britain.

In the United States printing-papers are designated by their respective sizes ; in Great Britain formerly they were designated by names, but lately the American practise has been substituted.

In the following table only stock sizes and weights are recorded.

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Double Royal. .

25

X 40

65
30
IOO
40
50
70
80
60"
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75 130 140

28 28 3072 32 33

80 120 270 I 20 140 190

XIII

ON MAKING UP A BOOK

EVERY author should be familiar with the process followed in making up or arranging into pages type matter that has been set, so as to know how the pages of a book should be correctly laid out. The practise usually followed is to begin the book with (1) a half-title (sometimes called "bastard title'), printed on the right-hand side of a leaf, or first page of the book—(2) the left-hand side (or second page) of which should be blank. This blank page is followed by a full title (3) printed on the right-hand side of the second leaf, or third page of the book. On the reverse side of this leaf, or fourth page of the book, the notice of copyright (4) should be printed. If the work set has a dedication (5) this usually follows, and is printed on the righthand side of the third leaf, or fifth page of the book; the left-hand side of this leaf, or sixth page of the book, should be blank. Where no dedication is inserted, the preface (6) follows the page containing notice of copyright, and is usually allowed to make as many pages as the author

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