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His aim was, to foster the interests of the natives.
To continue, I will now show the consequence of my argument. (11) It is used also to set off an adverb or adverbial phrases when they cause a break in the construction of a simple sentence.
This curiosity of theirs, however, was attend-
And yet I knew that every wrong,
But waited God's avenging hour. (12) It is used to set off prepositional phrases when they interrupt the sequence of a simple sentence, or when they are separated from words on which they are dependent.
American aristocracy is, to some extent, a matter of wealth.
By study, we may add to our store of knowl. edge that acquired by our ancestors. (13) It is used to set off a conjunction when it is divided from the main clause dependent on it or when it introduces an example.
EXAMPLE: The collision was inevitable, but, by timely assistance, the crew was saved.
(14) It is used occasionally to set off inter-
Yet then from all my grief, O Lord,
Thy mercy set me free. (15) It is used to set off a word which it is desired to emphasize. EXAMPLE:
Holy, Holy, Holy,
Lord God Almighty !
2.—THE SEMICOLON (;) The semicolon is used to indicate a separation in the relations of the thought in a compound sentence-a degree greater than that expressed by the comma.
(1) It is used to separate different statements; that is, the different clauses of a compound sentence which are already separated by commas.
We may live without poetry, music, and art;
EXAMPLE: Who lives to nature rarely can be poor; who lives to fancy never can be rich. (3) It is used before“ as when employed as an introductory to an example.
EXAMPLE: That which is not permitted or allowed; as, the illicit sale of intoxicants.
3.—THE COLON (:) The colon is used as a sign of apposition or equality to connect one clause with another that explains it, as in introducing a list, a quotation, an enumeration, or a catalog; or to join clauses that are grammatically complete yet closely connected in sense; or to mark any discontinuity in sense or grammatical construction greater than that which is indicated by a semicolon, but not sufficient to require a period or a dash.
(1) It is used to separate one complete clause from another.
colon has been introduced when a greater pause is required than can be indicated by a semicolon.
EXAMPLE: It surely was not obscurity; it was not weakness: it was a want of that sensitive taste which ought to breathe its delicate sense of fitness into the plainest phraseology. (3) It is used to introduce a formal quotation.
EXAMPLE: A writer in the Westminster Review discourses in this fashion: “Another curious observation upon philosophic activity is that the coordination of all functions which constitute the whole intellectual energy of philosophic minds is preserved in its plenitude for only a short period of their whole duration of life." ;
4.—THE PERIOD (.)
EXAMPLE: Consider the end.
A. M. for ante meridian ; LL. D. for Doctor of Laws; e.g. for exempli gratia (for the sake of example). (4) After Roman numerals, except when they are used to number pages.
1 Phelps, English Style in Public Discourse, p. 133.
5.-THE DASH (-) The dash is used to mark (1) a change of thought or construction, or (2) an emphatic or unexpected pause.
edge but grieving ?
but deceiving ?
6.-THE INTERROGATION-POINT (?)
The note of interrogation or eroteme is used at the end of a sentence to designate (1) a single question or (2) more, and (3) is sometimes written in parentheses to express a doubt or challenge the accuracy of a statement.
(1) Truths would you teach, or save a sinking
Hear'st Thou the accents of despair ?
Can vice atone for crimes by prayer?