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side-stick. A wooden or metal bar placed at the side

of the type in a form or galley, and commonly
beveled, for use in conjunction with tapering wooden

quoins in locking up.
signature. (1) A distinguishing mark, letter, or number

placed usually at the bottom of the first page of
each form or sheet of a book, to indicate its order
to the folder and binder. (2) Hence, the form or
sheet on which such a mark is placed, considered as
a fractional part of a book-as, “The work is

printed in 20 signatures."
single rule. A type-high brass rule, the face of which
shows a single line:

-). sink. To depress or drop the upper part of a page,

as at the beginning of a chapter, below the level of

the full pages. sinkage. The blank space allowed above type matter,

as at the beginning of a chapter. sixteenmo. Same

Often written Iomo. skiver. Leather split with a knife; particularly, the


grain side of split sheepskin, used for book

binding. slice-galley. A galley, usually of wood, with a sliding

false bottom to facilitate the transfer of composed

type to or from an imposing-stone. slug. (1) A strip of type-metal thicker than a lead, and

less than type-high, for spacing matter, supporting the foot of a column, etc. (2) A strip of metal bearing a type-high number: inserted by a compositor at the beginning of a take to identify the matter set by him. (3) The person who sets a piece of matter

marked by a slug. slur. A blurred portion of an impression,


small capitals. A letter of a form similar to capitals,

but smaller, being usually equal in height to the

body of the small or lower-case letters. smudge. A blur, as on a proof, from the smearing of

wet printer's-ink. smut. A stain, as from wet printer's-ink. Compare

SET-OFF. solid. Having no leads or slugs between the lines-as,

A solid page of type." sort. A type or character considered as a portion of a

font, with reference to the number or quantity on hand or in case : usually in the plural. Copy is said to be hard on sorts, or to run on sorts, when it re

quires an unusual number of certain characters. space. A type of less than type-height, and thinner

than an en quadrat, used to sep words, etc., as in a line. Spaces are known as 3-em, 4-em, 5-em, or 6-em, as their thickness is a proportional fraction of an em. The 3-em spaces are also called thick spaces, the 4-em and 5-em thin spaces, and 6-em or thinner hair spaces. A patent space is made inter

mediate between a 3-em space and an en quadrat. space-box. One of the boxes in a printer's case in

which spaces are kept. space-mark. A proof-reader's mark (#) indicating that

a space or more space is to be inserted. space out.

See DRIVE OUT. space-rule. Brass or type-metal single rule cut to even

ems and ens of length: used in table-work. squabble. To skew or twist composed type so as to

mix the lines; disarrange, as standing matter, with

out completely pieing. standing matter. See MATTER. stem. An up-and-down stroke of a type-face or letter,

with a

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especially of a lower-case letter; as, a 9

broken stem.
stereotype. (1) To cast a plate in stereotype-metal

from a matrix. (2) A cast or plate taken in stereo-
type-metal from a matrix, as of paper or plaster,
reproducing the surface of that from which the

matrix was made.
stereotype plate. A plate made by stereotyping: usu-

ally about one-sixth of an inch in thickness, de

signed to be set on a block for printing. stereotype press. A stereotyper's mold, having a bed

for the matrix and a platen which is screwed against

bearers placed between the bed and platen. stet. To restore something previously deleted: orig

inally an imperative : done in proof-reading by marking with the word stet and with a line of dots under matter to be retained: a direction to a printer

or copyist. stick. See COMPOSING-STICK. stitch. (I) To pass the thread through and through the

back of, as distinguished from sew. (2). A fastening, as of thread or wire, through the back of a book

or pamphlet, to connect the leaves. stone. An imposing-stone, whether made of stone or

metal. stone-hand. A compositor employed in imposing forms

and in similar work around the imposing-stone. sub. To act as a sub or compositor's substitute. sub-list. A list of the subs or substitute printers who

are allowed to supply the places of regular compositors in an office without notice to the foreman or

proprietor. superior. Set above the level of the line: said of type;

thus, in C4, D", the 4 and n are superior.

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table matter. Type, whether letters, words, or figures,

set in tabular form. take. The quantity of copy taken at once by a com

positor for setting up; also, the type reproducing it. token.

A measure of quantity of sheets of paper used in presswork, varying from 240 to 500 sheets, but

commonly 250, or ten quires: now little used. tooling. Ornamentation of or on book-covers by im

pressing designs with heated tools. trim. To make orderly by removing excrescences and

ragged edges; cut or lop off the superfluous parts of. turn. A type set wrong end upward, to indicate where

a letter or character of the same thickness is to
beplaced later on: thus, Fig. -”; also, one
turned wrong side up, as we.” Called also turned

turtle. A stout frame in the form of a segment of a

cylinder, used to hold the type in a type-revolving
web press, the whole taking the place of the ordi-

nary form.

tympan. A thickness (or more usually several thick

nesses), as of paper on the impression-surface (as
the platen or impression-cylinder) of a printing-
press, usually serving as a basis for overlaying and
cutting out to improve the quality of the press-

type-bar. A line of type cast in one piece, as in lino-

type or typograph; a linotype; type-slug. type-body. The body part of a type, especially as con

sidered with relation to its depth (see POINT SYSTEM)

or width. type-casting. The casting of metal type for printing. type-cutter. One who engraves the dies or punches for

metal types.

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type-cylinder. A cylinder in some forms of printing

machines to which the type is attached in turtles. type-dressing. The process of cutting off the bur and

dressing away the roughness from newly cast type. type-founding. The manufacture of metal type for

printing. Called also letter-founding. type-foundry. An establishment in which metal type is

made. Called also letter-foundry. type-gage. (1) One of various gages used in testing

the accuracy of type in point of size. (2) A type


type-high. Of the standard height of type; of a proper

height to print with type: said of stereotypes, wood

cuts, etc. type-holder. A bookbinders' holder for use in hand

stamping Called also pallet. type-matrix. An attachment to a type-founders' mold

in which the face of a type is cast.
type-measure. (1) A rule graduated to correspond with

the depths of various type-bodies, used in calculating
the number of lines or ems contained in composed
type. (2) A printed card giving the number of lines

of type of various sizes in a certain space.
type-metal. The alloy of which types are made, usually

lead, tin, and antimony, in various proportions, sometimes with a small percentage of copper or

nickel, type-mold. A steel box made in two sections, having a

matrix for forming the face of the letter.
type-scale. A type-measure.
typograph. A machine for making type-bars as a sub-

stitute for movable types in composition; a line-
casting machine for doing the work of a typesettings

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