Lapas attēli

side-stick. A wooden or metal bar placed at the side

of the type in a form or galley, and commonly beveled, for use in conjunction with tapering wooden

quoins in locking up. signature. (1) A distinguishing mark, letter, or number

placed usually at the bottom of the first page of each form or sheet of a book, to indicate its order to the folder and binder. (2) Hence, the form or sheet on which such a mark is placed, considered as a fractional part of a book-as, · The work is

printed in 20 signatures." single rule. A type-high brass rule, the face of which shows a single line: (

-). sink. To depress or drop the upper part of a page,

as at the beginning of a chapter, below the level of

the full pages. sinkage. The blank space allowed above type matter,

as at the beginning of a chapter. sixteenmo. Same as SEXTODECIMO. Often written

16mo. skiver. Leather split with a knife; particularly, the

grain side of split sheepskin, used for book

binding. slice-galley. A galley, usually of wood, with a sliding

false bottom to facilitate the transfer of composed type to

from an imposing-stone. slug. (1) A strip of type-metal thicker than a lead, and

less than type-high, for spacing matter, supporting the foot of a column, etc. (2) A strip of metal bearing a type-high number: inserted by a compositor at the beginning of a take to identify the matter set by him. (3) The person who sets a piece of matter

marked by a slug. slur. A blurred portion of an impression.

small capitals. A letter of a form similar to capitals,

but smaller, being usually equal in height to the

body of the small or lower-case letters. smudge. A blur, as on a proof, from the smearing of

wet printer's-ink. smut. A stain, as from wet printer's-ink. Compare

SET-OFF. solid. Having no leads or slugs between the lines-as,

“A solid page of type.” sort. A type or character considered as a portion of a

font, with reference to the number or quantity on hand or in case: usually in the plural. Copy is said to be hard on sorts, or to run on sorts, when it re

quires an unusual number of certain characters. space. A type of less than type-height, and thinner

than an en quadrat, used to separate words, etc., as in a line. Spaces are known as 3-em, 4-em, 5-em, or 6-em, as their thickness is a proportional fraction of an em.

The 3-em spaces are also called thick spaces, the 4-em and 5-em thin spaces, and 6-em or thinner hair spaces. A patent space is made inter

mediate between a 3-em space and an en quadrat. space-box. One of the boxes in a printer's case in

which spaces are kept. space-mark. A proof-reader's mark (#) indicating that

a space or more space is to be inserted. space out.

See DRIVE OUT. space-rule. Brass or type-metal single rule cut to even

ems and ens of length: used in table-work. squabble. To skew or twist composed type so

mix the lines; disarrange, as standing matter, with

out completely pieing. standing matter.

See MATTER. stem. An up-and-down stroke of a type-face or letter,

as to

especially of a lower-case letter; as, a q with a

broken stem.
stereotype. (1) To cast a plate in stereotype-metal

from a matrix. (2) A cast or plate taken in stereo-
type-metal from a matrix, as of paper or plaster,
reproducing the surface of that from which the

matrix was made.
stereotype plate. A plate made by stereotyping: usu-

ally about one-sixth of an inch in thickness, de

signed to be set on a block for printing. stereotype press. A stereotyper's mold, having a bed

for the matrix and a platen which is screwed against

bearers placed between the bed and platen.
stet. To restore something previously deleted: orig-

inally an imperative : done in proof-reading by
marking with the word stet and with a line of dots
under matter to be retained: a direction to a printer

or copyist.
stitch. (1) To pass the thread through and through the

back of, as distinguished from sew. (2). A fasten-
ing, as of thread or wire, through the back of a book

or pamphlet, to connect the leaves.
stone. An imposing-stone, whether made of stone or

metal. stone-hand. A compositor employed in imposing forms

and in similar work around the imposing-stone.
sub. To act as a sub or compositor's substitute.
sub-list. A list of the subs or substitute printers who

are allowed to supply the places of regular compos-
itors in an office without notice to the foreman or

superior. Set above the level of the line: said of type;

thus, in C4, D", the 4 and n are superior.

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table matter. Type, whether letters, words, or figures,

set in tabular form. take. The quantity of copy taken at once by a com

positor for setting up; also, the type reproducing it. token. A measure of quantity of sheets of paper used

in presswork, varying from 240 to 500 sheets, but

commonly 250, or ten quires: now little used. tooling. Ornamentation of or on book-covers by im

pressing designs with heated tools. trim. To make orderly by removing excrescences and

ragged edges; cut or lop off the superfluous parts of. turn. A type set wrong end upward, to indicate where

a letter or character of the same thickness is to beplaced later on: thus, Fig. ; also, one turned wrong side up, as “e.” Called also turned

letter. turtle. A stout frame in the form of a segment of a

cylinder, used to hold the type in a type-revolving web press, the whole taking the place of the ordi

nary form.

tympan. A thickness (or more usually several thick

nesses), as of paper on the impression-surface (as the platen or impression-cylinder) of a printingpress, usually serving as a basis for overlaying and cutting out to improve the quality of the press

work. type-bar. A line of type cast in one piece, as in linotype-cylinder. A cylinder in some forms of printing

type or typograph; a linotype; type-slug. type-body. The body part of a type, especially as con

sidered with relation to its depth (see POINT SYSTEM)

or width. type-casting. The casting of metal type for printing. type-cutter. One who engraves the dies or punches for

metal types.

machines to which the type is attached in turtles. type-dressing. The process of cutting off the bur and

dressing away the roughness from newly cast type. type-founding. The manufacture of metal type for

printing. Called also letter-founding. type-foundry. An establishment in which metal type is

made. Called also letter-foundry. type-gage. (1) One of various gages used in testing

the accuracy of type in point of size. (2) A type

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type-high. Of the standard height of type; of a proper

height to print with type: said of stereotypes, wood

cuts, etc. type-holder. A bookbinders' holder for use in hand

stamping. Called also pallet. type-matrix. An attachment to a type-founders’ mold

in which the face of a type is cast.
type-measure. (1) A rule graduated to correspond with

the depths of various type-bodies, used in calculating
the number of lines or ems contained in composed
type. (2) A printed card giving the number of lines

of type of various sizes in a certain space.
type-metal. The alloy of which types are made, usually

lead, tin, and antimony, in various proportions,
sometimes with a small percentage of copper or

type-mold. A steel box made in two sections, having a

matrix for forming the face of the letter.
type-scale. A type-measure.
typograph. A machine for making type-bars as a sub-

stitute for movable types in composition; a line-
casting machine for doing the work of a typesetting-

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