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side-stick. A wooden or metal bar placed at the side
of the type in a form or galley, and commonly beveled, for use in conjunction with tapering wooden
quoins in locking up. signature. (1) A distinguishing mark, letter, or number
placed usually at the bottom of the first page of each form or sheet of a book, to indicate its order to the folder and binder. (2) Hence, the form or sheet on which such a mark is placed, considered as a fractional part of a book-as, · The work is
printed in 20 signatures." single rule. A type-high brass rule, the face of which shows a single line: (
-). sink. To depress or drop the upper part of a page,
as at the beginning of a chapter, below the level of
the full pages. sinkage. The blank space allowed above type matter,
as at the beginning of a chapter. sixteenmo. Same as SEXTODECIMO. Often written
16mo. skiver. Leather split with a knife; particularly, the
grain side of split sheepskin, used for book
binding. slice-galley. A galley, usually of wood, with a sliding
false bottom to facilitate the transfer of composed type to
from an imposing-stone. slug. (1) A strip of type-metal thicker than a lead, and
less than type-high, for spacing matter, supporting the foot of a column, etc. (2) A strip of metal bearing a type-high number: inserted by a compositor at the beginning of a take to identify the matter set by him. (3) The person who sets a piece of matter
marked by a slug. slur. A blurred portion of an impression.
small capitals. A letter of a form similar to capitals,
but smaller, being usually equal in height to the
body of the small or lower-case letters. smudge. A blur, as on a proof, from the smearing of
wet printer's-ink. smut. A stain, as from wet printer's-ink. Compare
SET-OFF. solid. Having no leads or slugs between the lines-as,
“A solid page of type.” sort. A type or character considered as a portion of a
font, with reference to the number or quantity on hand or in case: usually in the plural. Copy is said to be hard on sorts, or to run on sorts, when it re
quires an unusual number of certain characters. space. A type of less than type-height, and thinner
than an en quadrat, used to separate words, etc., as in a line. Spaces are known as 3-em, 4-em, 5-em, or 6-em, as their thickness is a proportional fraction of an em.
The 3-em spaces are also called thick spaces, the 4-em and 5-em thin spaces, and 6-em or thinner hair spaces. A patent space is made inter
mediate between a 3-em space and an en quadrat. space-box. One of the boxes in a printer's case in
which spaces are kept. space-mark. A proof-reader's mark (#) indicating that
a space or more space is to be inserted. space out.
See DRIVE OUT. space-rule. Brass or type-metal single rule cut to even
ems and ens of length: used in table-work. squabble. To skew or twist composed type so
mix the lines; disarrange, as standing matter, with
out completely pieing. standing matter.
See MATTER. stem. An up-and-down stroke of a type-face or letter,
especially of a lower-case letter; as, a q with a
from a matrix. (2) A cast or plate taken in stereo-
matrix was made.
ally about one-sixth of an inch in thickness, de
signed to be set on a block for printing. stereotype press. A stereotyper's mold, having a bed
for the matrix and a platen which is screwed against
bearers placed between the bed and platen.
inally an imperative : done in proof-reading by
back of, as distinguished from sew. (2). A fasten-
or pamphlet, to connect the leaves.
metal. stone-hand. A compositor employed in imposing forms
and in similar work around the imposing-stone.
are allowed to supply the places of regular compos-
thus, in C4, D", the 4 and n are superior.
table matter. Type, whether letters, words, or figures,
set in tabular form. take. The quantity of copy taken at once by a com
positor for setting up; also, the type reproducing it. token. A measure of quantity of sheets of paper used
in presswork, varying from 240 to 500 sheets, but
commonly 250, or ten quires: now little used. tooling. Ornamentation of or on book-covers by im
pressing designs with heated tools. trim. To make orderly by removing excrescences and
ragged edges; cut or lop off the superfluous parts of. turn. A type set wrong end upward, to indicate where
a letter or character of the same thickness is to beplaced later on: thus, Fig. ”; also, one turned wrong side up, as “e.” Called also turned
letter. turtle. A stout frame in the form of a segment of a
cylinder, used to hold the type in a type-revolving web press, the whole taking the place of the ordi
tympan. A thickness (or more usually several thick
nesses), as of paper on the impression-surface (as the platen or impression-cylinder) of a printingpress, usually serving as a basis for overlaying and cutting out to improve the quality of the press
work. type-bar. A line of type cast in one piece, as in linotype-cylinder. A cylinder in some forms of printing
type or typograph; a linotype; type-slug. type-body. The body part of a type, especially as con
sidered with relation to its depth (see POINT SYSTEM)
or width. type-casting. The casting of metal type for printing. type-cutter. One who engraves the dies or punches for
machines to which the type is attached in turtles. type-dressing. The process of cutting off the bur and
dressing away the roughness from newly cast type. type-founding. The manufacture of metal type for
printing. Called also letter-founding. type-foundry. An establishment in which metal type is
made. Called also letter-foundry. type-gage. (1) One of various gages used in testing
the accuracy of type in point of size. (2) A type
type-high. Of the standard height of type; of a proper
height to print with type: said of stereotypes, wood
cuts, etc. type-holder. A bookbinders' holder for use in hand
stamping. Called also pallet. type-matrix. An attachment to a type-founders’ mold
in which the face of a type is cast.
the depths of various type-bodies, used in calculating
of type of various sizes in a certain space.
lead, tin, and antimony, in various proportions,
matrix for forming the face of the letter.
stitute for movable types in composition; a line-