Lapas attēli

pallet. Same as TYPE-HOLDER. parallel rule. A type-high brass rule, the face of

which shows two parallel lines of the same thickness: (

--). peel. Formerly, a T-shaped implement used in han

dling freshly printed sheets. perfecting-machine. A printing-press that prints from

a roll of paper both sides of the sheet at one passage through it, especially one that also folds, pastes, and delivers the sheet, as in newspaper

form. perforating rule. A dentated type-high brass rule used

for perforating paper which it is desired to tear

apart, as in check-books. pi. Type, sometimes also rules, furniture, etc., that

has been upset, dropped, or otherwise disarranged

so that it can not readily be used until assorted. pick. A spot on a printed sheet, usually caused by a par

ticle of ink, dirt, or paper adhering to the form,

though sometimes through a defect in a plate. pick-up. Standing matter that is used again, and is

counted as new. plane. To bring the surface of a form, etc., to a level,

as of type, with a planer and mallet : used usually

with down, and said of cuts. planer. A smooth wooden block used for leveling a

form of type or for taking proofs (for this use having the face covered as with felt), by laying it on

the surface and tapping it with a mallet. plate. An electrotype, or stereotype ; an illustration. platen. The part of a platen-press that presses the

paper upon the form to obtain an impression. platen-press. A printing-press on which the form and plate proof. A proof of type-matter that has been taken

paper are both on flat surfaces,

from a plate. play. To set up on a type-setting machine-as, The

copy was played at the rate of 30,000 ems a day." point. A short perpendicular pin on a printing press

for piercing a sheet of paper, so that when the second side is printed the point-holes may come in

the same place, thus insuring correct register. point system. A standard system of sizes for types

bodies, 996 points of which are equal to 35 centimeters, and one point is .0138 inch, as adopted by the Type-founders' Association of the United Ştates, and which has almost wholly displaced the

former system. press. A printing-machine. pressman. A man who has charge of a printing

press. press-proof. The last proof taken before printing;

also, a proof taken with special care. press-revise. A revise of a press-proof. press-room. A room where the presses are kept, as dis

tinguished from a composing-room. press-work. The operating of, or the work done by a

printing-press. printer's mark. An engraved device of a printer or

publisher, serving the purpose of an imprint. printing-press. A printing-machine. quadrat. A piece of type-metal lower than the letters,

used in spacing between words and filling out blank

lines. Commonly abbreviated quad. quarto. A book or pamphlet the pages of which are of

the size of the fourth of a sheet; a size made by twice folding a sheet, which then makes four leaves: often written 4to or 4°.

quoin. A wedge, usually either solid, of wood, or

slotted and in pairs, or pieces of metal, by which to

lock up or fasten type in a chase or galley. quotation. Any piece of metal furniture of small size. quotation-mark. One of the marks placed at the be

ginning and end of a quoted word or passage. In English usage one or two inverted commas (:,“) mark the beginning of a quotation, and, correspond

ingly, one or two apostrophes (',') the close. ratchet. A tool with a notched blade used by printers in

clarnping a stereotype plate to its block. recto. A right-hand page, as of a book. Ordinarily

the odd-numbered pages are the rectos, and the even

numbered the reversos. reference-mark. A symbol, letter, or figure used to

direct the reader from the text to a note or to a

section or page of an appendix. register. (1) Exact correspondence or adjustment in

position of the lines, columns, margins, etc., on one side of a page or leaf with those on the other side, (2) Correct relation of the colors in color-printing, so that no color overlaps or falls short of its proper

position. reglet. A thin wooden strip made less than type-high,

and used for making space between lines, as in

poster-printing, or to fill blank spaces. revise. (1) To compare with a previous proof. (2) A

proof for revision. reviser. One who revises literary works or printers'

proofs. ride. To be impressed upon another color, as in lith

ography or color-printing when colors overlap. roll. (1) A hand-tool for making a continuous line,

usually having a brass wheel with a rim cut to the


desired pattern. (2) The cylinder of a printing

machine: an untechnical use. roller. A rod covered with an elastic composition or with

felt, used in applying ink to printing-surfaces; also, a leather-covered rod used in lithographic printing.

A style of ceriphed type letter whose chief characteristic is its perpendicularity and the greater thickness of its upright strokes than of its horizontal strokes: the most familiar form of letter in books and newspapers; also, a black gothic letter

used by the ancient Romans. rounce. A cylinder, usually of wood, with a crank and

strap attached for moving back and forth the bed

of a hand-press. rout. To cut out or away by scooping or gouging, as

mackle in a plate or the like, to improve the printed

impression. rule. (1) A metal strip for handling type; as, a com

posing-rule. (2) A strip of type-high metal (usually brass) for printing a rule or line; also, the impres

sion of a line on the printed page. rule-case. See CASE. run in. To omit paragraphs or break-lines to save

space; or to alter the position of type, as to fill a

vacant space. running head.

A head-line, as of a chapter or an article in a book or periodical, repeated at the head of

succeeding or alternate pages. running title. A title or head-line repeated at the head

of succeeding pages, as throughout a book or chapter. scale. In the printing trade, a minimum schedule of

wages fixed by the International Typographical

Union. schedule. (1) A list of printed pages, the folios of which

are checked off as pages (after correction) are sent to foundry for casting. (2) A list of topics or illustrations furnished as a guide to their order or posi

tion in making up the pages of a book. script. Type in imitation of handwriting. set-off, A smut transferred from a freshly printed sur

face to another sheet, or to the second side of the same sheet, as through the medium of a smutted tympan. Called also off-set. The action of thus

smutting is often called setting off. sew. To fasten together the sections of a book with

needle and thread, as distinguished from stitch and

wire. sewing. The fastening together of the sections of a

book by passing a thread through each section at its central fold and ret ng it, after dra it tight over each band, on the back of the sections:

done for each band. sextodecimo. A book or pamphlet having 16 leaves to

the sheet, the pages being, in size, usually 442 X 6% inches; hence, loosely, a book having that size of

page. shank. The body part of a type, as distinguished from

the shoulder, face, or foot. sheep's foot. A pressman's tool having a square ham

mer-head on one end and a claw on the other: used

in prying up forms, etc. sheet-work. Presswork in which the two sides of a sheet

are printed from different forms. shooting-stick. A wooden or metal stick, often with a

notch in one end and a head on the other, to be

struck with a mallet, for driving quoins. shoulder. The top of the shank of a type when extend

ing above or below the face of the letter.

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