Lapas attēli

imposition. The placing and arranging of set matter,

plates, etc., into columns, pages, or the like, as on

the stone, in proper position for printing.
imprint. (1) The publisher's name, with the place and

generally the date of issue, printed in a book or
other publication. (2) A printer's name (and usu-

ally address) on anything printed by him. indention. The setting in of a line or body of type by

a blank space at the beginning or left hand, as in

the first line of a paragraph.
inferior. Set below the level of the line, as small

characters, without a shoulder below, used in chem-
ical formulas-as, in C4, Dn, the 4 and n are inferior

inset. A leaf or leaves inserted, as in a book or news.

paper; usually an offcut, or part cut off from the

main sheet and folded in with it.
italic. Designating or printed in a style of type

in which the letters slope toward the right : in-
vented in Italy about 1500, and used chiefly for

jacket. A paper wrapper for covering a bound book.
job-case. See CASE.
job-office. A printing-office where miscellaneous print-

ing is done. job-press. Any small bed-and-platen printing-press. job-printer. One who does miscellaneous printing, such

as cards, posters, handbills, and circulars. job-type. Type, especially display-type, adapted, from

its size, form, etc., for use by job-printers. journeyman printer. A printer who has completed his

apprenticeship or learned his trade. justification. The act of justifying, adjusting, or fit

ting; adjustment, as of type in printing.

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justify. To adjust or make even by spacing properly,

as lines or a column of type. kera. That part of a type which overhangs the shaft

or shank, as in an italic f. kerned. Having a kern: said of a letter. lay. (I) To arrange in cases, new type. (2) To

place pages on the imposing-stone in proper order

for a form. lead. A thin strip of type-metal or brass, less than

type-high, used in composition to separate lines. lead. To separate, as lines of type, with thin metal

strips, or leads. Also, to lead out. leaders. Dots or hyphens set in a row horizontally, or a

dot or hyphen of such a row, used to guide the eye from one side of a page or column to the other.

Also, a type containing such a character. lean. Not admitting of earning good or ordinary

wages; unprofitable-as, type of which an unusual amount is required to fill a certain space, or as work

requiring extra time without bringing extra pay. lean-faced. Having a face that is disproportionately

narrow: said of type. letter-press. (1) Printed from type, as distinguished

from matter printed from plates. (2) Letters and words printed; the text of a book as distinguished

from the illustrations. ligatures. In writing and printing: (1) Two or more

connected letters-as, ff. fi, fl, ffi, a, usually called by printers a double letter or logotype. (2) The

character to indicate connection (-). line-former. A brass or metal device for preserving ac

curacy of curve in curved lines. linotype. (1) A line of type cast in one piece; a type

bar or type-slug. (2) A machine for producing

lock up.

stereotyped lines or bars of words, etc., as a sub

stitute for type-setting. live matter. See MATTER.

To close or make fast, as a form of type. logotype. A type bearing two or more letters, a syllable,

a word, or words. lower case. (1) That one of a pair of cases which con

tains the small letters, spaces, points, etc. (2) The small letters commonly kept in a lower case: often

used attributively. Compare CASE. mackle. (1) To make a blurred impression of. (2) A

spot or blemish; also, a blurred impression as from

bad press-work. make ready. To prepare a form for printing, as by

underlaying and overlaying. make up. (1) To arrange, as lines of composed type,

into columns or pages. (2) The arrangement of such type, into columns, pages, or forms, as in im

position. maker-up. One who arranges composed type, cuts, etc.,

into columns or pages. make-up rule. A brass rule having a projection above

the middle to aid in handling type. marble. To stain or color in imitation of marble, as

the edges of books. marble-edged. Having edges that have been marbled:

said of a book. margin. A space along an edge; specifically, the blank

space on the edge of a printed sheet. matrix. (1) A papier-mâché, plaster, wax, or other im

pression of a form from which a plate for printing
may be made. (2) The part of a mold that forms

the face of a letter. matter. (1) Type that is set or composed: when it is yet


to be printed from or to be electrotyped, termed live matter or standing matter; when ready for distribution, as after use, dead matter. (2) Material to be set up; copy.

The width of a page or column, usually given in ems-as, “The measure was 22 ems pica." mold. A matrix, as of papier-mâché or wax, in which

castings are made. monotype. Designating a form of type-setting machine

in which the type is cast or set in single letters, as distinguished from one that casts in lines or bars of

words. morocco. Leather made from goatskins tanned with

sumac, used for binding books; as, French morocco,

Levant morocco, and Persian morocco. mortise. To cut out a space, as in a block, so that type

may be set therein. music-case. See CASE. nick. One of several grooves cast in the front of the

shank of a type, to aid in placing the type right side up, or in guiding it as in a type-setting machine, or in distinguishing types of different face but similar 18 leaves or 36 pages: usually written 18mo, and

body. nipper. A clasp or gripper in a printing-press to hold

a sheet against the tympan. octavo. A book or pamphlet in which the sheets are so

folded as to make eight leaves. Commonly written 8vo. The following sizes are generally recognized in the United States: cap 8vo, 474 X 7 inches; demy 8vo 572 X 8 inches; imperial 8vo, 874 X 1172 inches; medium 8vo, 6 X 972 inches, the size usually assumed when 8vo is written without a limiting ad

jective; royal 8vo, 612 X 10 inches. octodecimo. A size of book in which each sheet makes


called eighteenmo. off-cut. (1) A surplus margin cut from paper. (2) A

part of a printed sheet cut off for separate folding. off its feet. Out of perpendicular: said of composed

type that does not rest evenly on its base or foot. off-print. (1) To reprint an excerpt, as from a maga

zine. (2) A reproduction of an article or paragraph

printed in some publication : of recent coinage. off-set. To smut on the back, as in printing the second

side of a sheet. open matter. Type containing much open space. out. In proof-reading, printing, etc., matter omitted,

or the place where such omission occurs. out of register. (1) Faulty adjustment in position of

the lines, columns, margins, etc., on one side of a page or leaf with those on the other side. (2) Incorrect relation of the colors in color-printing, so that one color overlaps or falls short of its

proper position. overlay. A piece of paper placed on the tympan of a

press to make the impression heavier at the corresponding part of the form, or to compensate for a

depression in the form. overrun. To alter the arrangement of composed types

by driving letters or words into another line, or lines into another column or page: caused by the

removal or correction of matter already set. packing. Rubber, paper, millboard or other substance

used on the impression-surface of a printing-press

between the metal and the sheet to be printed. page-cord. Twine used to tie around a page of type

and keep it assembled, so that it may be conveniently handled.

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