Lapas attēli

delete. To blot out; erase; cancel; hence, to take out,

as type; omit, as printed matter: commonly short

ened to dele. dentelle. In bookbinding, a style of toothlike or lace

like decoration: said of borders. descending letter. A letter some part of which de

scends below the short letters-as, P, y, which de

scend below i, o, etc. devil. A printer's apprentice: first so called in the days

of the hand-press, when he managed the ink-roller

and frequently became blackened. distribution. (1) The act of returning types from com

posed matter to their proper boxes in the case. (2) The even spreading of ink over rollers, inking

tables, or forms. ditto mark. A symbol in printing (“) used beneath a

word to indicate its repetition. dotted rule. A strip of type-high metal, usually made

of brass, the face of which is raised in a series of

points :( -). double. To set up matter a second time by mistake;

make a doublet. double-letter. Two or more letters cut on one type

body and usually having the faces joined. double rule. A type-high brass rule, the face of which

consists of two parallel lines, the upper being thicker than the lower

-): usually made in one piece. doublet. A word or words duplicated by mistake. drive out. To separate more widely, as words, by the

use of additional or wider spaces. (See to space out

under SPACE.) dummy. (1) A printed proof mounted on paper for the

purpose of showing the size of page and its general appearance after printing, or of serving as a guide in making up a page. (2) A sample book made

partly of printed leaves and partly of blank paper. duodecimo. A book-page or leaf of about 4% x 772

inches, or a book having pages of that size; originally, a volume having 12 leaves to the sheet, but

now one printed with 16 leaves to the sheet. electrotype. (1) A metallic copy (usually having a cop

per face) of any surface made by electrodeposition, especially one of a woodcut, page of type, or the like, for printing. (2) An impression from an electrotyped cut. (3) To make an electrotype of;

duplicate by electrotyping. electrotype-shell. The thin reproduction, usually in

copper, of an engraving, or the like, in the wax process, before being filled or backed with electrotype-metal.

The square of the body of any size of type, used as a unit of measurement in computing the cost of composition, the wages of compositors, the size of pages, etc., or for indicating the size of dashes, spaces, etc.

Compare TYPE-BODY.
Half the square of a type ; half an em: used to

measure the size of a dash, quadrat, etc. end paper. In bookbinding, one of the blank leaves at

the beginning and end of a book. extended. Broad in proportion to its height: said of type. face. The impression-surface of a type or printing

plate; also, the character on type, or the size or style

or cut of the character on type. fat. (1) Requiring less labor than usual to accomplish

a given result: said of type-matter, or of the copy for it, containing much open space, which counts the same as if solidly filled with letters. (2) Un



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usually broad or expanded : said of type-bodies.

Also used as a noun. feed. To supply with what is necessary for the con

tinuance or activity of, as paper to a printing-press. feeder. One who or that which supplies material to a

machine, as paper to a printing-press. feed-gage. A gage on a printing-press or folding

machine to which the sheets are fed, and the ad

justment of which determines the margins. finger. Same as GRIPPER. flush. Set with no indention. fly. (1) A long-fingered frame oscillating quickly upon

a horizontal axis, taking the sheets of paper from the tapes or cylinder of a printing-press and delivering them flat upon a pile. (2) Any person or ap

paratus that takes sheets of paper from a press. folio. (1) The number of a page; in type-matter the

even folios are on the left-hand pages, and the odd on the right hand. (2) A book, periodical, or the like, composed of sheets folded but once, and so having four pages to the sheet; hence, a book of

the largest size. font. A complete or sufficient assortment of type of a

particular nick, face, and body, the quantity of each character being in a certain proportion to the rest: sometimes designated, as in display-type, by the proportional number of A's or a's-as, “A three-A

or a four-A font,“ An eight-a font." foot. That part of a piece of type on which it stands

when set as distinguished from its face, shank, or form. Type, engravings, plates, etc., imposed in a

shoulder foot-stick. A wooden or metal strip placed between a

chase and the foot of imposed columns or pages to receive the pressure of locking-up screws or quoins.

chase-as, “ A form of eight pages.” foul. Full of errors ; dirty: said of a proof. foundry. That part of a printing-office in which type is

cast from metal. frame. An open framework with sides inclined at the

top to support a compositor's case. frisket. In a platen press, a light frame between the

tympan and the form, to hold in place the sheet to

be printed. front matter. Ail matter in a book that precedes the

text or body-matter. full-faced. Of the form of standard body-type, but hav

ing the heavy lines very thick; as, a. full point. A period. furniture. Wooden or metal strips of less than types

height put around and between pages of type to make proper margins, and fill the spaces between

the pages and the chase. gage. A notched rule used to regulate the length of a

page of type. gage-pin. A pin for use on the platen of a printing.

press to hold the sheet in proper position. galley. A flat, oblong tray, commonly of brass, flanged

on one or both sides and at one end, for holding

composed type. galley-proof. An impression taken from type on

galley : sometimes abbreviated, galley. gather. To collect and place in consecutive order

the signatures of folded sheets of a book or pam

phlet. goffer. To raise in relief, as leather. goffering. Indented ornamentation or tooling on the

edge of a book.


gold-tooling. In bookbinding, ornamentation with

gold-leaf by tooling. gripper. One of a series of finger-like clutches on the

impression cylinder of a printing-press, which hold the paper in place while the impression is being

printed. guard. Same as BEARER. guide. A metal strip used by compositors to indicate

the next line of copy to set. guillotine. A paper-cutting machine fitted with a knife

having an inclined edge. gutter. A piece of printers' furniture, grooved along

its upper surface, for separating pages in a form.

Called also gutter-stick. gutter-snipe. A small, narrow poster for pasting on

curbstones. hair-line. See CERIPH. hair-space. The thinnest metal space in use. half-title. A short title heading the text of a book, or a

one-lined title on a full page. hanging indention. Equal indention of all lines of a

paragraph except the first, which is longer than the

others. head-band. A decorative band at the head of a page or

chapter in a printed book. head-line. A line of type set above the text to which it

refers. head-stick. A straight piece of furniture at the head of a

form between the chase and the type or other matter. hell-box. A receptacle for broken or battered type. impose. To arrange or place in a chase and lock-up,

as pages of type. imposing-stone. A flat, level slab, usually of stone, on

which printers impose and correct forms of type.

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