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Nowak, Moakley, Derrick, Beilenson, Frost, Quillen, Pashayan, Roe,
Oct. 22, 1990. Conference held.
Oct. 26, 1990. Committee on Rules granted a rule waiving all points of order against conference report.
Oct. 27, 1990. Senate passed conference report by a record vote of 54 yeas, 45 nays.
Oct. 27, 1990. Conference report filed in House. H. Rept. 101-964. Oct. 27, 1990. House passed conference report by a record vote of 228 yeas, 200 nays.
Nov. 5, 1990. Approved. Public Law 101-508.
PART VIII. TAXPAYER RIGHTS
"YOUR RIGHTS AS A TAXPAYER"
[Text of Internal Revenue Service Publication No. 1 (10–90)
As a taxpayer, you have the right to be treated fairly, professionally, promptly, and courteously by Internal Revenue Service employees. Our goal at the IRS is to protect your rights so that you will have the highest confidence in the integrity, efficiency, and fairness of our tax system. To ensure that you always receive such treatment, you should know about the many rights you have at each step of the tax process.
FREE INFORMATION AND HELP IN PREPARING RETURNS
You have the right to information and help in complying with the tax laws. In addition to the basic instructions we provide with the tax forms, we make available a great deal of other information.
Taxpayer publications. We publish over 100 free taxpayer information publications on various subjects. One of these, Publication 910, Guide to Free Tax Services, is a catalog of the free services and publications we offer. You can order all publications and any tax forms or instructions you need by calling us toll-free at 1-800TAX-FORM (829-3676).
Other assistance. We provide walk-in tax help at many IRS offices and recorded telephone information on many topics through our Tele-Tax system. The telephone numbers for Tele-Tax, and the topics covered, are in certain tax forms' instructions and publications. Many of our materials are available in Braille (at regional libraries for the handicapped) and in Spanish. We provide help for the hearing impaired via special telephone equipment
We have informational videotapes that you can borrow. In addition, you may want to attend our education programs for specific groups of taxpayers, such as farmers and those with small busi
In cooperation with local volunteers, we offer free help in preparing tax returns for low-income and elderly taxpayers through the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) and Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) Programs. You can get information on these programs by calling the toll-free telephone number for your area.
Copies of tax returns. If you need a copy of your tax return for an earlier year, you can get one by filling out Form 4506, Request for Copy of Tax Form, and paying a small fee. However, you often only need certain information, such as the amount of your reported income, the number of your exemptions, and the tax shown on the return. You can get this information free if you write or visit an IRS office or call the toll-free number for your area.
PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY
You have the right to have your personal and financial information kept confidential. People who prepare your return or represent you must keep your information confidential.
You also have the right to know why we are asking you for information, exactly how we will use any information you give, and what might happen if you do not give the information.
Information sharing. Under the law, we can share your tax information with State tax agencies and, under strict legal guidelines, the Department of Justice and other federal agencies. We can also share it with certain foreign governments under tax treaty provi
COURTESY AND CONSIDERATION
You are always entitled to courteous and considerate treatment from IRS employees. If you ever feel that you are not being treated with fairness, courtesy, and consideration by an IRS employee, you should tell the employee's supervisor.
PROTECTION OF YOUR RIGHTS
The employees of the Internal Revenue Service will explain and protect your rights as a taxpayer at all times. If you feel that this is not the case, you should discuss the problem with the employee's supervisor. Your local Problem Resolution Officer will assist you if you are unable to resolve the problem with the employee's supervisor.
If for any reason you have a complaint about the IRS, you may write to the District Director or Service Center Director for your area. We will give you the name and address if you call our tollfree phone number listed later.
REPRESENTATION AND RECORDINGS
Throughout your dealings with us, you can represent yourself, or, generally with proper written authorization, have someone represent you in your absence. During an interview, you can have someone accompany you.
If you want to consult an attorney, a certified public accountant, an enrolled agent, or any other person permitted to represent a taxpayer during an interview for examining a tax return or collecting tax, we will stop and reschedule the interview. We cannot suspend the interview if you are there because of an administrative
You can generally make an audio recording of an interview with an IRS Collection or Examination officer. Your request to record the interview should be made in writing, and must be reviewed 10 days before the interviews. You must bring your own recording equipment. We also can record an interview. If we do so, we will notify you 10 days before the meeting and you can get a copy of the recording at your expense.
PAYMENT OF ONLY THE REQUIRED TAX
You have the right to plan your business and personal finances so that you will pay the least tax that is due under the law. You are liable only for the correct amount of tax. Our purpose is to apply the law consistently and fairly to all taxpayers.
IF YOUR RETURN IS QUESTIONED
We accept most taxpayers' returns as filed. If we inquire about your return or select it for examination, it does not suggest that you are dishonest. The inquiry or examination may or may not result in more tax. We may close your case without change. Or, you may receive a refund.
Examination and inquiries by mail. We handle many examinations and inquiries entirely by mail. We will send you a letter with either a request for more information or a reason why we believe a change needs to be made to your return. If you give us the requested information or provide an explanation, we may or may not agree with you and we will explain the reasons for any changes. You should not hesitate to write to us about anything you do not understand. If you cannot resolve any questions through the mail, you can request a personal interview. You can appeal through the IRS and the courts. You will find instructions with each inquiry or in Publication 1383, Correspondence Process.
Examination by interview. If we notify you that we will conduct your examination through a personal interview, or you request such an interview, you have the right to ask that the examination take place at a reasonable time and place that is convenient for both you and the IRS. If the time or place we suggest is not convenient, the examiner will try to work out something more suitable. However, the IRS makes the final determination of how, when, and where the examination will take place. You will receive an explanation of your rights and of the examination process either before or at the interview.
If you do not agree with the examiner's report, you may meet with the examiner's supervisor to discuss your case further.
Repeat examinations. We try to avoid repeat examinations of the same items, but sometimes this happens. If we examined your tax return for the same items in either of the 2 previous years and proposed no change to your tax liability, please contact us as soon as possible so we can see if we should discontinue the repeat examination.
Explanation of changes. If we propose any changes to your return, we will explain the reasons for the changes. It is important that you understand these reasons. You should not hesitate to ask about anything that is unclear to you.
Interest. You must pay interest on additional tax that you owe. The interest is figured from the due date of the return. But if our error caused a delay in your case, and this was grossly unfair, we may reduce the interest. Only delays caused by procedural or mechanical acts not involving the exercise of judgment or discretion qualify. If you think we caused such a delay, please discuss it with the examiner and file a claim for refund.