Copyright Protection for Imprinted Design Patterns on Semiconductor Chips: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties, and the Administration of Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, First Session, on H.R. 1007 ... April 16, 1979
United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties, and the Administration of Justice
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979 - 79 lappuses
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amendment American answer appearance BAUMGARTEN believe bill called Chairman chip pirates committee companies competition competitors CONGRESS THE LIBRARY consider contains continue copying Copyright Act copyright law Copyright Office copyright protection Corp cost Counsel court cover creative devices drawing duplication EARLY Edwards effect effort electronic engineering example existing explained expression extend fact Fairchild FINCH follows foreign function going graphic GROVE hearings important imprinted industry infringement innovation integrated circuit Intel interest inventions issue KASTENMEIER layout legislation LIBRARY OF CONGRESS limited manufacture masks material matter memory MINETA original owner particular patent patterns photographic position possible practice present principle programs proposed question record represent respect result reverse semiconductor chips semiconductor industry Sevin silicon statement subcommittee suggest testimony Thank tion transistors understand United usually
13. lappuse - Pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works" include two-dimensional and three-dimensional works of fine, graphic, and applied art, photographs, prints and art reproductions, maps, globes, charts, diagrams, models, and technical drawings, including architectural plans.
75. lappuse - The description of the art in a book, though entitled to the benefit of copyright, lays no foundation for an exclusive claim to the art itself. The object of the one is explanation; the object of the other is use. The former may be secured by copyright. The latter can only be secured, if it can be secured at all, by letterspatent.
53. lappuse - useful article" is an article having an intrinsic utilitarian function that is not merely to portray the appearance of the article or to convey information. An article that is normally a part of a useful article is considered a "useful article".
60. lappuse - And where the art It teaches cannot be used without employing the methods and diagrams used to illustrate the book, or such as are similar to them, such methods and diagrams are to be considered as necessary Incidents to the art, and given therewith to the public; not given for the purpose of publication in other works explanatory of the art, but for the purpose of practical application.
61. lappuse - ... machine, or process, than those afforded to works under the law, whether title 17 or the common law or statutes of a State, in effect on December 31. 1077, as held applicable and construed by a court in an action brought under this title.
58. lappuse - In no case does copyright protection for an original work of authorship extend to any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery, regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied in such work.
2. lappuse - Congress shall have the power .... to promote the progress of science, and the useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.
53. lappuse - Unless the shape of an automobile, airplane, ladies' dress, food processor, television set, or any other industrial product contains some element that, physically or conceptually, can be identified as separable from the utilitarian aspects of that article, the design would not be copyrighted under the bill. The test of separability and independence from 'the utilitarian aspects of the article...
13. lappuse - Such works shall include works of artistic craftsmanship insofar as their form but not their mechanical or utilitarian aspects are concerned; the design of a useful article, as defined in this section, shall be considered a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work only if, and only to the extent that, such design incorporates pictorial, graphic, or sculptural features that can be identified separately from, and are capable of existing independently of, the utilitarian aspects of the article.