Great Debates at the United Nations: An Encyclopedia of Fifty Key Issues 1945-2000

Pirmais vāks
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001 - 452 lappuses

Perfect for promoting student debate, and critical thinking, and ideal for use by Model UN clubs, this ready-reference guide provides information and critical examinations of the 50 most important issues debated in UN history. Since the inception of the UN in 1945, its member nations have hotly debated the most incendiary global political issues, from human rights and Cold War conflicts to many regional and local clashes, most recently in Kosovo. The 50 entries are organized in chronological order based on their first appearance on the UN agenda. Each entry consists of four narrative sections: the significance of the issue; the historical, social and economic background of the issue; the history of the UN debate and intervention on the issue and the positions of various nations; and the outcome of the debate. Each entry concludes with a list of suggested further reading. More than fifty photos accompany the text.

Among the issues debated are those of UN peacekeeping efforts around the globe; issues of concern to Third World countries; the nuclear arms race; regional conflicts in the Middle East, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Central America; human rights; world population growth; the environment; laws of the sea; issues of food; the status of women; and racism. Cross-references will help the user to locate related topics. A timeline of events in the history of the UN, a bibliographic essay, a glossary, and a number of appendices including lists of UN world years, UN peacekeeping operations, Secretaries General of the UN and Presidents of the UN General Assembly add reference value to the work.

 

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Saturs

Disarmament 1946
37
Status and Condition of Children 1946
48
Southwest Africa Namibia Dispute 1946
53
Refugees and Stateless Persons 1946
60
World Monetary System 1947
69
ArabIsraeli Dispute 1947
77
IndiaPakistan Dispute 1948
85
Health 1948
90
Status of Women 1975
256
Zionism as Racism 1975
263
East Timor Question 1975
267
Human Settlements 1976
273
Central American Wars 1978
279
Cambodia Situation 1979
286
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan 1979
292
New International Information Order 1980
298

Genocide 1948
96
Human Rights 1948
101
Membership and Representation Questions 1950
108
Korean War 1950
113
Defining Aggression 1950
119
Apartheid in South Africa 1952
125
Population 1954
132
Hungarian Question 1956
138
Congo Crisis 1960
143
Decolonization 1960
149
Narcotics Control 1961
156
UN Financing Crisis 1961
162
Rhodesian Question 1962
169
Vietnam Question 1963
174
Cyprus Question 1963
180
Trade and Development 1964
186
Third World Development Programming 1964
193
Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons 1965
202
Global Environment 1972
207
Terrorism 1972
217
Law of the Sea 1973
223
New International Economic Order 1974
234
Codes of Conduct for Transnational Corporations 1974
242
Food Issues 1974
248
IranIraq War 1980
303
Angola Situation 1981
308
UN Reforms 1985
315
Persian Gulf War 1990
323
Balkan Civil Wars 1991
330
Somali Civil War 1991
337
Mozambique Situation 1992
346
Haiti Situation 1993
353
Rwandan Civil War 1993
359
Kosovo Situation 1998
364
APPENDIXES
371
Appendixes
373
Member States by Year of Admission
375
General Assembly Special and Emergency Sessions
377
World Years
379
Peacekeeping Operations
380
SecretariesGeneral of the United Nations
382
Presidents of the General Assembly
383
Sample Resolutions
385
United Nations Charter
391
Glossary
417
Bibliographic Essay
425
Index
433
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Par autoru (2001)

ROBERT F. GORMAN is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Humanities and Professor of Political Science at Southwest Texas State University. He served as a Council on Foreign Relations Fellow in the U.S. Department of State's Bureau for Refugee Programs, working on African refugee issues, and was also a visiting scholar at Africare, an American private voluntary organization. He is the author of numerous articles on refugee affairs, African politics, foreign affairs, and international relations. He is the author of many books, including Historical Dictionary of Refugee and Disaster Relief Organizations (2000), Historical Dictionary of Human Rights and Humanitarian Organizations (1997), and Refugee Aid and Development: Theory and Practice (Greenwood Press, 1993).

Bibliogrāfiskā informācija