Product Reliability: Specification and Performance

Pirmais vāks
Springer Science & Business Media, 2008. gada 23. maijs - 284 lappuses

Currently, reliability issues are not addressed effectively in the development of new products, especially in the early stages of this process. Product reliability depends both on the technical decisions made in these early stages and also on the impact of commercial outcomes in the latter stages. By using an effective methodology for reliability performance and specification, one can make better decisions.

Product Reliability develops a framework which links reliability specifications and product performance in the context of new product development. In order to address the product performance necessary to achieve the accomplishment of business objectives, this book:

• considers how customer needs and business objectives can be translated into product development so that desired performance is matched or exceeded in reality;

• discusses the data requirements and the tools and techniques needed to build the models which play an important role in the decision-making process;

• provides a structured approach that is applicable to many kinds of products.

As an overview of reliability performance and specification in new product development, Product Reliability is suitable for managers responsible for new product development. The methodology for making decisions relating to reliability performance and specification will be of use to engineers involved in product design and development. This book can be used as a text for graduate courses on design, manufacturing, new product development and operations management and in various engineering disciplines.

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Atlasītās lappuses

Saturs

65 An Illustrative Case
129
Two Designs
132
66 Phase 3 for Standard and Custombuilt Products
133
661 Subphase 1
134
662 Subphase j j 23J 1
136
67 Achieving the Allocated Reliability at Component Level
137
671 Redundancy
139
672 Preventive Maintenance
140

17 Objectives of the Book
10
172 Case 2 Safety Instrumented System
11
18 Outline of the Book
12
New Product Development
15
221 Product Classification
16
222 Newness of a New Product
18
223 Product Decomposition
19
23 Product Life and Product Life Cycles
21
24 New Product Development
22
242 A Brief Review of New Product Development Models
23
Basic Concepts and Activities
24
252 Design
29
253 Development
31
254 Production
32
255 Postproduction
33
26 A New Model for Product Performance and Specification
34
Product Performance and Specification
37
322 Preferences
38
323 Constraints
39
332 Types of Performance
40
34 Product Specification
42
35 Performance and Specification Relationships
43
36 Performance and Specification in Stage I
44
362 Phase 2
46
364 Some Comments
48
37 Performance in Stage II
49
372 Phase 5
50
381 Phase 6
51
383 Phase 8
52
310 Reliability Performance and Specification
53
An Introduction to Reliability Theory
54
42 Basic Concepts
56
423 Different Notions of Product Reliability
60
43 Reliability Science
61
442 Physical Modelling
66
443 System Modelling
67
444 Modelling Environmental Effects
70
45 Reliability Modelling II
73
452 Modelling PM Actions
74
453 Other Approaches
77
462 Quantitative Analysis
79
463 Simulation
82
472 Reliability Improvement
83
473 Root Cause Analysis
85
482 Reliability Assessment
86
49 Reliability Management
87
Cellular Phone
88
Performance and Specification in the Frontend Phase
91
53 Data Collection and Analysis Subphase 1
93
532 Data Analysis
94
533 Outcome of Subphase 1
95
54 Idea Generation and Screening Subphase 2
96
542 Idea Generation
97
543 Screening of Ideas
98
544 Outcome of Subphase 2
99
552 Deriving SPI
103
553 Evaluating PPI
104
554 Models
105
555 Outcome of Subphase 3
110
562 Contract
112
563 Reliability Improvement Warranty
113
564 Idea Generation and Screening
114
566 SPI
115
567 PPI
117
57 Implications for Product Reliability
118
Performance and Specification during Design
120
621 Defining DPII
122
622 Deriving SPII
123
623 Evaluating PPII
126
63 Phase 2 for Custombuilt Products
127
64 Models
128
674 Modelling for Optimal Decisions
141
68 Outcome of Phase 3
143
Performance During Development
147
72 Phase 4 for Standard Products
148
73 Reliability Development Testing
149
732 Environmental Stress and Design Limit Testing
150
74 Design of Experiments for Testing
154
742 Relevant Issues
155
75 Analysis ofTestData
156
753 Graphical Analysis
157
754 Statistical Analysis Single Stress Level
158
755 Statistical Analysis Multiple Stress Levels
164
76 Reliability Growth Models
165
761 Discrete Reliability Growth Models
166
77 Bayesian Approach
167
78 Risks in Reliability Development Programmes
168
79 Phase 5 for Standard Products
169
Cellular Phone
170
Product Performance and Production
172
82 Phase 6 for Standard Products
174
83 Production Process and Occurrence of Nonconforming Items
175
831 Modelling Occurrence of Nonconforming Items
176
84 Effect of Quality Variations on Reliability Performance
177
841 Variation in Component Quality
178
842 Variations in Assembly Operations
179
86 Quality Control
180
861 Offline Control of Production Process
181
863 Weeding Out Nonconforming Components
184
864 Acceptance Sampling
185
865 Subset Selection
186
87 Optimal Quality Control Effort
187
Postsale Performance
191
921 Field Performance
192
922 Decision Process in Phase 7
193
924 Analysis of Data and Estimating APII
195
925 Root Cause Analysis
202
93 Assessing Inherent and Design Reliability
204
942 Data Collection
205
943 Analysis of Data and Estimating API
206
95 Phases 7 and 8 for CustomBuilt Products
209
952 Phase 8
210
Product Safety Requirements
211
102 Safety Requirements
212
1022 Essential Health and Safety Requirements
216
103 EU Directives
217
1032 The Machinery Directive
218
1034 CE Marking
219
1035 Harmonized Standards
220
104 Risk Assessment
221
105 Technical Construction File
223
Cellular Phone
224
Reliability Management System
226
1122 Knowledge
228
1123 Engineering Knowledge
231
113 DIK in Phase 1
232
1131 Data and Information
233
1141 Data and Information
234
115 DIK in Phases 4 and 5
235
1151 Data and Information
236
1162 Knowledge
237
1171 Structure of the Reliability Management System
238
1173 Reliability Databases
244
1175 Interface Module
247
118 Implementation Aspects
248
1182 Reliability Management Department
249
Symbols
251
Acronyms
253
Glossary
256
References
261
Index
279
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Populāri fragmenti

259. lappuse - A condition or capability that must be met or possessed by a system or system component to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formally imposed document; (3) A documented representation of a condition or capability as in (1) or (2).
103. lappuse - The purpose of a warranty is to establish liability of the manufacturer in the event that an item fails or is unable to perform its intended function when properly used. The contract specifies both the performance that is to be expected and the redress available to the buyer if a failure occurs or the performance is unsatisfactory. The warranty is intended to assure the buyer that the product will perform its intended function under normal conditions of use for a specified period of time.
259. lappuse - The combination of all technical and associated administrative actions intended to retain an item in, or restore it to, a state in which it can perform its required function.
39. lappuse - Bernadin et al (1995) are concerned that 'performance should be defined as the outcomes of work because they provide the strongest linkage to the strategic goals of the organization, customer satisfaction, and economic contributions'. The Oxford English Dictionary defines performance as 'the accomplishment, execution, carrying out, working out of anything ordered or undertaken'.
15. lappuse - A product can be tangible (eg assemblies or processed materials) or intangible (eg knowledge or concepts), or a combination thereof. Note 3 A product can be either intended (eg offering to customers) or unintended (eg pollutant or unwanted effects...
259. lappuse - The ability of an item under stated conditions of use, to be retained in, or restored to, a state in which it can perform a required function, when maintenance is performed under given conditions and using stated procedures and resources.
259. lappuse - Redundancy The existence of more than one means for accomplishing a given function. Each means of accomplishing the function need not necessarily be identical.
78. lappuse - FMEA are the following: 1. How can each part conceivably fail? 2. What mechanisms might produce these modes of failure? 3. What could the effects be if the failures did occur? 4.
258. lappuse - The collective term used to describe the availability performance and its influencing factors: reliability performance, maintainability performance, and maintenance support performance.

Par autoru (2008)

D. N. P. Murthy obtained B.E. and M.E. degrees from Jabalpur University and the Indian Institute of Science in India and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Harvard University. He is currently a Research Professor in the School of Engineering at the University of Queensland and a Senior Scientific Advisor to the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. He has held visiting appointments at several universities in the USA, Europe and Asia. His current research interests include various aspects of technology management (new product development, strategic management of technology), operations management (lot sizing, quality, reliability, maintenance), and post-sale support (warranties, service contracts). He has authored or coauthored 20 book chapters, 145 journal papers and over 130 conference papers. He is a member of several professional societies and is on the editorial boards of seven international journals. He has run short courses for industry on various topics in technology management, operations management and post-sale support in Australia, Asia, Europe and the USA.

T. Osteras obtained his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, in 1990 and 1998 respectively. In the first years of his career he was a consultant, carrying out risk analyses of offshore oil and gas processing facilities. He was then granted a Ph.D. scholarship to conduct research on how to efficiently design for reliability, maintainability and safety. While carrying out his Ph.D., he also worked part-time as a researcher on reliability and safety related projects in SINTEF. In 1999 he was appointed coordinator for a long-term research project on Integrated Product Development, funded by the Norwegian Research Council. He later held a postdoctoral fellowship, and since 2004 he has been an Associate Professor at the Department of Product Design Engineering, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

M. Rausand is Professor of Safety and Reliability Engineering at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). In the first four years of his professional career, he was a lecturer in mathematical statistics at NTNU, where he lectured courses in reliability and risk analysis. Over the next ten years he was engaged in various safety and reliability projects at the research institute SINTEF, mostly related to the Norwegian offshore oil and gas activities. In the last four years of this period he was director of SINTEF Department of Safety and Reliability. In 1989 he again joined NTNU as a full time professor. He has been chairman of NTNU’s Department of Machine Design for five years and vice-dean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering for six years. In 1995/96 he was visiting professor at Heriot-Watt University in Scotland, and in 2002/03 he was visiting professor at Ecole des Mines de Nantes. Professor Rausand is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Technical Sciences, and of the Royal Norwegian Society of Letters and Science. He has authored or coauthored 8 book chapters, 22 journal papers and around 40 conference papers. He has run a wide range of short courses for industry on various topics in reliability assessment and risk analysis in Asia, Europe, South America, and the USA.

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