OR, A SOUTH-SIDE VIEW OF SHERMAN'S MARCH TO THE SEA.
BY THE AUTHOR OF "FIELD AND CAMP."
east, that flow into the Atlantic, from those of
CAUSE OF THE FAILURE OF THE WESTERN the west, which find their way into the Gulf of
Mexico through that father of waters, the
Before proceeding further, it will be nec- Mississippi. In these mountains the Ohio
essary, for a clear understanding of the sub- river also has its source, and flowing west,
ject, to go back and take a brief view of the between the Confederate States of Virginia
condition of affairs in what was known as and Kentucky, and the Federal States of
the Military Department of the West, prior Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, empties into the
to the investment of Atlanta. For this pur- Mississippi—thus affording, at almost every
pose we must revert to the commencement season of the year, an uninterrupted inland
of the war, in 1861, and follow the army, at navigation from the Gulf of Mexico to the
that time operating in Kentucky, in its grad-western portion of Pennsylvania, and with-
dal retreat into Georgia.
in a distance of less than two hundred miles
If the reader will turn to the map he will of that great chain of lakes which, in part,
see that the States of the Confederacy are forms the Northern boundary of the United
divided from those which at that time (1861) States. That these rivers, with this great
still beld allegiance to the Federal Govern- chain of mountains filling the intervening
ment, by the following great geographical space between their sources, and thus pre-
barriers: On the East the Potomac, with its senting an uninterrupted line of natural ob-
source in the mountains, and its outlet, struction, would attract the attention of the
through the Chesapeake, into the Atlantic, scientific soldier and engineer, must be ap-
formed, as it may be called, the first section parent to the most superficial observer ; and
This is a noble stream, capable of floating hence we find, at the very outset of the war,
on its broad bosom the united navies of the they were looked upon as offering, upon the
world, and being honored (?)—at least in the whole, defensive features far superior to any
estimation of our Northern brethren—with other portion of the Confederacy.
having on its banks the Capital of a once There is no truer axiom in war than that
free and glorious country-alas! free and which declares, “An army, like a serpent,
glorious now no longer. Along the sources moves upon its belly.” You may organize
of this river, and crossing the continent in a a million of men, if you please, drill them
southwestern direction, is a great chain of until their evolutions are without fault, arm
mountains, which divides the waters of the them with the most perfect and destructive
VOL. VI.-No. I.