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REPRESENTATIVE COMMUNITY D.
Industrial significance of Community D_Households studied-Members of house
holds for whom detailed information was secured-[Text Tables 215 to 218 and General Tables 168 and 169].
INDUSTRIAL SIGNIFICANCE OF COMMUNITY D.
The following table shows the principal industries in Community D and the number of persons employed in each industry in 1909.
Principal industries and number of persons employed, Community D, 1909.
The figures of the above table are the result of a conservative estimate of the principal industries of Community Din 1909. There were, in the 38 establishments for which data are reported, 16,144 employees. These employees are classified in the table according to the industry of the establishment. It appears that 7,268 wage-earners, in 8 establishments, were engaged in the manufacture of woolen and worsted, that 3,025 wage-earners were employed in 11 handkerchief manufacturing establishments; that 2,100 wage-earners, in 5 establishments, were employed in the manufacture of cotton and dress goods, and that 1,102 wage-earners, in 2 establishments, were employed in the manufacture of rubber hose, belting, etc. There were 606 wage-earners in a single establishment for the dyeing of cotton and woolen goods and 523 wage-earners in a single establishment for the manufacture of calico prints. The industries of cigar making, the manufacture of tin cans and boxes, matches, wire and cables, leather goods, silk machinery, waxed paper and parchment, and compressed foods, occupied one or two establishments and employed from 100 to 400 wage-earners each. It will be noted from the data presented that the manufacture of woolens and worsted was by far the most important industry of the community, and that by far the greater proportion of all the wageearners for whom information is given were employed in textile industries of one class or another.
A total of 630 households, the heads of which were employed in the different industries of Community D, were studied in detail. The following table shows the number and percentage of households of each race studied.
Table 215.- Households studied, by general nativity and race of head of household.
Of the 630 households studied, 94.3 per cent of the heads are foreign-born, the rest native-born of foreign father. The 122 Ruthenian households form the largest proportion, 19.4 per cent, the the Magyars reporting, a comparatively less proportion, and the Germans and South Italians less than 12 per cent. The Irish, Slovaks, and Hebrews form from 5.6 per cent to 9.7 per cent of the total, each other foreign-born race reporting less than 5 per cent of the whole. With the exception of the Dutch (who present the lowest proportion, or 1.7 per cent) and the Polish, the two native-born races, with 2.1 per cent of those born of German father, and a slightly larger proportion of those of Irish father, form the smallest individual proportions of the total.
MEMBERS OF HOUSEHOLDS FOR WHOM DETAILED INFORMATION WAS
The table next presented shows, by general nativity and race of head of household, the number and percentage of persons in the households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured.
TABLE 216.—Persons in households studied and persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity and race of head of household.
(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)
Of 3,438 persons in the 630 households included in the above table, 95 per cent are foreign-born and the remainder native-born of foreign father. The Magyan and Ruthenian races constitute 15.1 per cent and 25.2 per cent, respectively, of the total number of foreign-born, the proportion of other races ranging from 9.6 per cent of the South Italian to 1.9 per cent of the Dutch. Detailed information was secured for all except 2 of the native-born of foreign father and for all except 8 of the foreign-born-the 8 foreign-born being made up of 6 Ruthenians and 2 Magyars.
The following table shows, by general nativity and race of head of household, the sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured:
TABLE 217.-Sex of persons for whom detailed information was secured, by general nativity
and race of head of household.
(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)
Per cent of each sex.
General nativity and race of head of house
Native-born of foreign father, by race of father:
54 378 128
29 72 152 154 87 76 132 286
81 481 146
45.3 52. 47.6 50.8 53.7 48.1 40.2 55.3 60.0 56.0 53.3
Total native-born of foreign father.