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TERMINAL MARKETING FACILITIES
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE
STEPHEN PACE, Georgia, Vice Chairman
CLIFFORD R. HOPE, Kansas GEORGE M. GRANT, Alabama
: AUGUST H. ANDRESEN, Minnesota WALTER K. GRANGER, Utah
REID F. MURRAY, Wisconsin E, C. GATHINGS, Arkansas
EDWIN A. HALL, New York JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina
WILLIAM S, HILL, Colorado THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi CHARLES B. HOEVEN, Iowa CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma
SID SIMPSON, Illinois WATKINS M. ABBITT, Virginia
ERNEST K. BRAMBLETT, California JAMES G. POLK, Ohio
PAUL B. DAGUE, Pennsylvania PAT SUTTON, Tennessee
BEN GUILL, Texas EUGENE D. O'SULLIVAN, Nebraska
DELEGATES JOHN C. DAVIES, New York
E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska CECIL F. WHITE, California
JOSEPH R. FARRINGTON, Hawaii JAMES F. LIND, Pennsylvania
RESIDENT COMMISSIONER GEORGE H. CHRISTOPHER, Missouri
A. FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico
JOSEPH O. PARKER, Counsel
Colon-Torres, Ramon, commissioner of agriculture and commerce,
Custis, Emerson C., president, Emerson C. Custis, Inc., realtors,
54, 92, 284
Johnson, Jerry P., 400 D Street SW., Washington, D. C., representing
Meyers, C. E., member of the legislative committee, National Asso-
Rothstein, Israel, Philadelphia, Pa.
, legislative secretary, National Farmers Union, Wash-
Wirt, Richard W., Southern Railway System, Washington, D. C.
Communications and statements, submitted for the record..
DEVELOPMENT AND IMPROVEMENT OF TERMINAL
TUESDAY, JUNE 6, 1950
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Harold D. Cooley (chairman) presiding.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will be in order.
We have for consideration this morning H. R. 8320, introduced May 2, 1950, a bill to encourage the improvement and development of marketing facilities for handling perishable agricultural commodities.
The bill was introduced by the chairman after this committee had conducted hearings in different parts of the country and had visited many of the central terminal markets through which perishable agricultural commodities are marketed.
(H. R. 8320 follows:)
agricultural commodities Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Marketing Facilities Improvement Act.”
DECLARATION OF POLICY Sec. 2. It is found and declared that the marketing of perishable agricultural commodities affects the public welfare and is a matter of grave national concern; that vast quantities of fruits, vegetables, and other perishable agricultural commodities shipped from various producing areas located throughout the United States and foreign countries pass through and are handled in public marketing facilities located in large consuming areas which are in most instances inadequate and obsolete; that the handling of perishable agricultural commodities in such facilities is attendant with many uneconomic practices, greatly increasing costs and causing undue losses, excessive waste, spoilage, and deterioration, which result in producers receiving prices far below the reasonable value of their products, in unduly and arbitrarily enhancing costs of operations in such markets, and increasing the price of food to consumers; that the prices of all perishable farm commodities are directly affected by the prices made on these public markets and are adversely affected by the unduly burdensome costs resulting from obsolescent and inadequate facilities; that obsolete and antiquated facilities create such an undue restraint and unjust burden on interstate commerce as to make it imperative that appropriate measures be taken to free such commerce from such burdens and restraints and to protect producers and consumers aginst oppressive costs resulting from the use of such facilities; that modern facilities would make possible the saving of millions of dollars annually by removing the cause of many of the unnecessary costs and burdens; that in spite of the great need for improved facilities, efforts in the past have failed to bring about a satisfactory solution to the problem; that this failure has been due largely to the inability of farmers, dealers, brokers, commission merchants, and others,