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TERMINAL MARKETING FACILITIES

9
6

HEARINGS
y.s. Congreso. House, BEFORE
THE COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

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COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE
HAROLD D. COOLEY, North Carolina, Chairman

STEPHEN PACE, Georgia, Vice Chairman
W.R. POAGE, Texas

CLIFFORD R. HOPE, Kansas GEORGE M. GRANT, Alabama

: AUGUST H. ANDRESEN, Minnesota WALTER K. GRANGER, Utah

REID F. MURRAY, Wisconsin E, C. GATHINGS, Arkansas

EDWIN A. HALL, New York JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina

WILLIAM S, HILL, Colorado THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi CHARLES B. HOEVEN, Iowa CARL ALBERT, Oklahoma

SID SIMPSON, Illinois WATKINS M. ABBITT, Virginia

ERNEST K. BRAMBLETT, California JAMES G. POLK, Ohio

PAUL B. DAGUE, Pennsylvania PAT SUTTON, Tennessee

BEN GUILL, Texas EUGENE D. O'SULLIVAN, Nebraska

DELEGATES JOHN C. DAVIES, New York

E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska CECIL F. WHITE, California

JOSEPH R. FARRINGTON, Hawaii JAMES F. LIND, Pennsylvania

RESIDENT COMMISSIONER GEORGE H. CHRISTOPHER, Missouri

A. FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico
Mrs. MABEL C. DOWNEY, Clerk
Mrs. ALTAVENE CLARK, Erecutive Officer

JOSEPH O. PARKER, Counsel
JOHN J. HEIMBURGER, Research Specialist

Sal
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Statement of-

Page
Alt, Fred, Merchants Refrigerating Co., New York, N. Y.-

202
Baker, Don, manager, Huntington Chamber of Commerce, Hunting-
ton, W. Va.

156

Ballentine, L. Y., Commissioner of Agriculture of the State of North

Carolina.---

33

Banov, Abel, editor, Food Trade News, Philadelphia, Pa-

102

Bateman, J. 'W., representing the commission of agriculture, Louisiana

Department of Agriculture and Immigration.

41

Cake, E. W., Norfolk, Va..

133

Colon-Torres, Ramon, commissioner of agriculture and commerce,
Puerto Rico

170
Cribb, Troy H., manager, South Carolina Peach Growers Association,
Spartanburg, S. C...

151

Crow, W. C., Director of Marketing Facilities Branch, United States

Department of Agriculture..

8

Custis, Emerson C., president, Emerson C. Custis, Inc., realtors,
Philadelphia, Pa----

54, 92, 284

Di Vito, Dominic A., manager, New Haven Market Exchange, Inc.,

New Haven, Conn..

137, 138

Feldbaum, Max.

55

Feldman, F., Car Lot Receivers Association.

59

Frost, E. L., chairman, Richmond Marketing Authority, Richmond,

Va.

116

Goldstein, Louis D., fruit and vegetable dealer, Philadelphia, Pa-

43

Goss, Albert S., master, National Grange-

72

Hogan, G. B., member of the legislative committee, National Associa-

tion of Produce Market Managers -

137

Johnson, Jerry P., 400 D Street SW., Washington, D. C., representing
the National Association of Refrigerated Warehouses, Washington,
D. C..

205
Johnston, Rolla, Parkersburg, W. Va-

124
Kalish, William, I. Kalish & Sons, Philadelphia, Pa-

68
Kuehn, Philip G., vice president, Wisconsin Cold Storage Co., Mil-
waukee, Wis.

179
Leonard, John C., jobber and property owner, Philadelphia, Pa... 125
Lewis, M. Oldham, secretary, Wholesale Perishable Market Improve-
ment League, Baltimore, Md.

217

Loos, Karl D., California Fruit Growers Exchange, Los Angeles, Calif. 238

Martin, Robert H., secretary, Greenville County Marketing Com-

mission, South Carolina.

38

Maxton, Dr. J. L., extension agricultural economist, Blacksburg, Va. 23

Meek, J. H., director, division of markets, Virginia Department of

Agriculture -

73

Meyers, C. E., member of the legislative committee, National Asso-
ciation of Produce Market Managers, Richmond, Va_

142

McDonald, J. B., commission of agriculture, State of Texas, Austin

Tex-

173

McLaughlin, J. B., commissioner of agriculture, Charleston, W. Va.. 165

Nold, Truman, executive secretary, National Apple Institute.

122

Omerberg, J. J. Parkersburg, W. Va.

131

Pretzer, Walter F., president, Vegetable Growers Association of Amer-

ica, Cleveland, Ohio -

200

Rabinowitz, Sidney, Colonial Provision Co., Boston, Mass.

151

Rick, Winfield L., Mortgage Service Co., Philadelphia, Pa.

132

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Philadelphia, Pa

Wirt, Richard W., Southern Railway System, Washington, D. C.

Communications and statements, submitted for the record..

173

221

239
(H. R. 8320, 81st Cong., 2d sess.) A BILL To encourage the improvement and development of marketing facilities for handling perishable

DEVELOPMENT AND IMPROVEMENT OF TERMINAL

MARKETING FACILITIES

TUESDAY, JUNE 6, 1950

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE,

Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Harold D. Cooley (chairman) presiding.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will be in order.

We have for consideration this morning H. R. 8320, introduced May 2, 1950, a bill to encourage the improvement and development of marketing facilities for handling perishable agricultural commodities.

The bill was introduced by the chairman after this committee had conducted hearings in different parts of the country and had visited many of the central terminal markets through which perishable agricultural commodities are marketed.

(H. R. 8320 follows:)

agricultural commodities Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Marketing Facilities Improvement Act.”

DECLARATION OF POLICY Sec. 2. It is found and declared that the marketing of perishable agricultural commodities affects the public welfare and is a matter of grave national concern; that vast quantities of fruits, vegetables, and other perishable agricultural commodities shipped from various producing areas located throughout the United States and foreign countries pass through and are handled in public marketing facilities located in large consuming areas which are in most instances inadequate and obsolete; that the handling of perishable agricultural commodities in such facilities is attendant with many uneconomic practices, greatly increasing costs and causing undue losses, excessive waste, spoilage, and deterioration, which result in producers receiving prices far below the reasonable value of their products, in unduly and arbitrarily enhancing costs of operations in such markets, and increasing the price of food to consumers; that the prices of all perishable farm commodities are directly affected by the prices made on these public markets and are adversely affected by the unduly burdensome costs resulting from obsolescent and inadequate facilities; that obsolete and antiquated facilities create such an undue restraint and unjust burden on interstate commerce as to make it imperative that appropriate measures be taken to free such commerce from such burdens and restraints and to protect producers and consumers aginst oppressive costs resulting from the use of such facilities; that modern facilities would make possible the saving of millions of dollars annually by removing the cause of many of the unnecessary costs and burdens; that in spite of the great need for improved facilities, efforts in the past have failed to bring about a satisfactory solution to the problem; that this failure has been due largely to the inability of farmers, dealers, brokers, commission merchants, and others,

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