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For purposes of this section, items withdrawn from any account shall be treated as withdrawn on a first-in-first-out basis; except that (i) any nonqualified withdrawal for research, development, and design expenses incident to new and advanced ship design, machinery and equipment, and (ii) any amount treated as a nonqualified withdrawal under the second sentence of subsection (g)(4), shall be treated as withdrawn on a last-in-first-out basis.
(3) For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954
(A) any amount referred to in paragraph (2)(A) shall be included in income as an item of ordinary income for the taxable year in which the withdrawal is made,
(B) any amount referred to in paragraph (2)(B) shall be included in income for the taxable year in which the withdrawal is made as an item of gain realized during such year from the disposition of an asset held for more than 6 months, and
(C) for the period on or before the last date prescribed for payment of tax for the taxation year in which this withdrawal is made
(i) no interest shall be payable under section 6601 of such Code and no addition to the tax shall be payable under section 6651 of such Code,
(ii) interest on the amount of the additional tax attributable to any item referred to in subparagraph (A) or (B) shall be paid at the applicable rate (as defined in paragraph (4)) from the last date prescribed for payment of the tax for the taxable year for which such item was deposited in the fund, and
(iii) no interest shall be payable on amounts referred to in clauses (i) and (ii) of paragraph (2) or in the case of any nonqualified withdrawal arising from the application of the recapture provision of section 606(5) of the Merchant Marine Act of 1936 as in effect on December 31, 1969. (4) For purposes of paragraph (3)(C)(ii), the applicable rate of interest for any nonqualified withdrawal
(A) made in a taxable year beginning in 1970 or 1971 is 8 percent, or
(B) made in a taxable year beginning after 1971, shall be determined and published jointly by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary and shall bear a relationship to 8 percent which the Secretaries determine under joint regulations to be comparable to the relationship which the money rates and investment yields for the calendar year immediately preceding the beginning of the taxable year bear to the money rates and investment yields for the calendar year 1970.
(5) AMOUNT NOT WITHDRAWN FROM FUND AFTER 25 YEARS FROM DEPOSIT TAXED AS NONQUALIFIED WITHDRAWAL.—
(A) IN GENERAL.-The applicable percentage of any amount which remains in a capital construction fund at the close of the 26th, 27th, 28th, 29th, or 30th taxable year following the taxable year for which such amount was deposited shall be treated as a nonqualified withdrawal in accordance with the following table:
(B) EARNINGS TREATED AS DEPOSITS.-The earnings of any capital construction fund for any taxable year (other than net gains) shall be treated for purposes of this paragraph as an amount deposited for such taxable year.
(C) AMOUNTS COMMITTED TREATED AS WITHDRAWN.— For purposes of subparagraph (A), an amount shall not be treated as remaining in a capital construction fund at the close of any taxable year to the extent there is a binding contract at the close of such year for a qualified withdrawal of such amount with respect to an identified item for which such withdrawal may be made.
(D) AUTHORITY TO TREAT EXCESS FUNDS AS WITHDRAWN.--If the Secretary determines that the balance in any capital construction fund exceeds the amount which is appropriate to meet the vessel construction program objectives of the person who established such fund, the amount of such excess shall be treated as a nonqualified withdrawal under subparagraph (A) unless such person develops appropriate program objectives within 3 years to dissipate such excess.
(E) AMOUNTS IN FUND ON JANUARY 1, 1987.-For purposes of this paragraph, all amounts in a capital construction fund on January 1, 1987, shall be treated as deposited in such fund on such date.
(6) NONQUALIFIED WITHDRAWALS TAXED AT HIGHEST MARGINAL RATE.
(A) IN GENERAL.-In the case of any taxable year for which there is a nonqualified withdrawal (including any amount so treated under paragraph (5)), the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall be determined—
(i) by excluding such withdrawal from gross income, and
(ii) by increasing the tax imposed by chapter 1 of such Code by the product of the amount of such withdrawal and the highest rate of tax specified in section 1 (section 11 in the case of a corporation) of such Code. With respect to the portion of any nonqualified withdrawal made out of the capital gain account during a taxable year to which section 1(h) or 1201(a) of such Code applies, the rate of tax taken into account under the preceding sentence shall not exceed 20 percent (34 percent in the case of a corporation).
(B) TAX BENEFIT RULE.-If any portion of a nonqualified withdrawal is properly attributable to deposits (other than earnings on deposits) made by the taxpayer in any taxable year which did not reduce the taxpayer's li
ability for tax under chapter 1 for any taxable year preceding the taxable year in which such withdrawal occurs— (i) such portion shall not be taken into account under subparagraph (A), and
(ii) an amount equal to such portion shall be treated as allowed as a deduction under section 172 of such Code for the taxable year in which such withdrawal occurs.
(C) COORDINATION WITH DEDUCTION FOR NET OPERATING LOSSES.-Any nonqualified withdrawal excluded from gross income under subparagraph (A) shall be excluded in determining_taxable income under section 172(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
(i) Certain Corporate Reorganizations and Changes in Partnerships.
Under joint regulations
(1) a transfer of a fund from one person to another person in a transaction to which section 381 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 applies may be treated as if such transaction did not constitute a nonqualified withdrawal, and
(2) a similar rule shall be applied in the case of a continuation of a partnership (within the meaning of subchapter K of such Code).
(j) Treatment of Existing Funds.
(1) Any person who was maintaining a fund or funds (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as "old fund”) under this section (as in effect before the enactment of this subsection) may elect to continue such old fund but
(A) may not hold moneys in the old fund beyond the expiration date provided in the agreement under which such old fund is maintained (determined without regard to any extension or renewal entered into after April 14, 1970),
(B) may not simultaneously maintain such old fund and a new fund established under this section, and
(C) if he enters into an agreement under this section to establish a new fund, may agree to the extension of such agreement to some or all of the amounts in the old fund.
(2) In the case of any extension of an agreement pursuant to paragraph (1)(C), each item in the old fund to be transferred shall be transferred in a nontaxable transaction to the appropriate account in the new fund established under this section. For purposes of subsection (h)(3)(C), the date of the deposit of any item so transferred shall be July 1, 1971, or the date of the deposit in the old fund, whichever is the later.
For purposes of this section
(1) The term "eligible vessel" means any vessel
(A) constructed in the United States and, if reconstructed, reconstructed in the United States,
(B) documented under the laws of the United States, and (C) operated in the foreign or domestic commerce of the United States or in the fisheries of the United States.
Any vessel which (i) was constructed outside of the United States but documented under the laws of the United States on April 15,
1970, or (ii) constructed outside the United States for use in the United States foreign trade pursuant to a contract entered into before April 15, 1970, shall be treated as satisfying the requirements of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph and the requirements of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2).
(2) The term "qualified vessel" means any vessel
(A) constructed in the United States and, if reconstructed, reconstructed in the United States,
(B) documented under the laws of the United States, and (C) which the person maintaining the fund agrees with the Secretary will be operated in the United States foreign, Great Lakes, or noncontiguous domestic trade or in the fisheries of the United States.
(3) The term "agreement vessel" means any eligible vessel or qualified vessel which is subject to an agreement entered into under this section.
(4) The term "United States", when used in a geographical sense, means the continental United States including Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico.
(5) The term "United States foreign trade" includes (but is not limited to) those areas in domestic trade in which a vessel built with construction-differential subsidy is permitted to operate under the first sentence of section 506 of this Act.
(6) The term "joint regulations" means regulations prescribed under subsection (1).
(7) The term "vessel" includes cargo handling equipment which the Secretary determines is intended for use primarily on the vessel. The term "vessel” also includes an ocean-going towing vessel or an ocean-going barge or comparable towing vessel or barge operated on the Great Lakes.
(8) The term "noncontiguous trade" means (i) trade between the contiguous forty-eight States on the one hand and Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the insular territories and possessions of the United States on the other hand, and (ii) trade from any point in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and such territories and possessions to any other point in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and such territories and possessions.
(9) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Commerce with respect to eligible or qualified vessels operated or to be operated in the fisheries of the United States, and the Secretary of Transportation with respect to all other vessels.
(1) Records; Reports; Changes in Regulations.
Each person maintaining a fund under this section shall keep such records and shall make such reports as the Secretary or the Secretary of the Treasury shall require. The Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary shall jointly prescribe all rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the foregoing provisions of this section, as may be necessary or appropriate to the determination of tax liability under this section. If, after an agreement has been entered into under this section, a change is made either in the joint regulations or regulations prescribed by the Secretary under this section which could have a substantial effect on the rights or obligations of any person maintaining a fund under this section, such person may terminate such agreement.
(m) DEPARTMENTAL REPORTS AND CERTIFICATION.—
(1) IN GENERAL.-For each calendar year, the Secretaries shall each provide the Secretary of the Treasury, within 120 days after the close of such calendar year, a written report with respect to those capital construction funds that are under their jurisdiction.
(2) CONTENTS OF REPORTS.-Each report shall set forth the name and taxpayer identification number of each person
(A) establishing a capital construction fund during such calendar year;
(B) maintaining a capital construction fund as of the last day of such calendar year;
(C) terminating a capital construction fund during such calendar year;
(D) making any withdrawal from or deposit into (and the amounts thereof) a capital construction fund during such calendar year; or
(E) with respect to which a determination has been made during such calendar year that such person has failed to fulfill a substantial obligation under any capital construction fund agreement to which such person is a party.
SEC. 608. [46 App. U.S.C. 1178] No contract executed under this title or any interest therein shall be sold, assigned, or transferred, either directly or indirectly, or through any reorganization, merger, or consolidation, nor shall any agreement or arrangement be made by the holder whereby the maintenance, management, or operation of the service, route, line, vessel, or vessels is to be performed by any other person, without the written consent of the Secretary of Transportation. If he consents to such agreement or arrangement, the agreement or arrangement shall make provision whereby the person undertaking such maintenance, management, or operation agrees to be bound by all of the provisions of the contract and of this Act applicable thereto, and the rules and regulations prescribed pursuant to this Act. If the holder of any such contract shall voluntarily sell such contract or any interest therein, or make such assignment, transfer, agreement, or arrangement whereby the maintenance, management, or operation of the service, route, line, vessel, or vessels is to be performed by any other person, without the consent of the Secretary of Transportation, or if the operation of the service, route, line, or vessel, shall pass out of the direct control of the holder of such contract by reason of any voluntary or involuntary receivership or bankruptcy proceedings, the Secretary of Transportation shall have the right to modify or rescind such contract, without further liability thereon by the United States, and is hereby vested with exclusive jurisdiction to determine the purposes for which any payments made by him under such contract shall be expended.
SEC. 609. [46 App. U.S.C. 1179] The Secretary of Transportation shall withhold the payment of operating-differential subsidy while any contractor therefor is in default in any payments due on account of construction-loan, ship-sales mortgage notes, or any other obligation due the United States, and shall apply the amount so withheld to the satisfaction of such debt.