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otherwise qualified and who attain a general average of seventy per cent, with no subject below sixty per cent; provided, that the third grade certificate shall not be issued more than twice to the same person.

The subjects in which applicants for said certificates shall be examined, or otherwise qualified according to law, shall be reading, spelling, writing, English grammar and language, arithmetic, physiology and hygiene, United States and West Virginia history, general and West Virginia geography, civil government, theory and art of teaching, elementary agriculture, and such other subjects as the state board of education shall from time to time prescribe.

It is provided, however, that on and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two, no person shall receive a first grade elementary certificate, who cannot satisfy, by certificate of credit or otherwise, the following conditions as to academic and professional attainments acquired by study in high schools and in normal schools, or in other schools of the same or higher grade, for the periods as indicated below; that is to say:

(1) From the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two, to the thirtieth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, applicants for first grade certificates shall have had at least one year of high school work and in addition thereto nine weeks' study of professional subjects.

(2) From the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, to the thirtieth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-six, applicants for the first grade certificates shall have had at least two years of high school work and in addition thereto, eighteen weeks' study of professional subjects.

(3) From the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-four, to the thirtieth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-six, applicants for the firsk grade certificates shall have had at least three years of high school work and in addition thereto twenty-seven weeks' study of professional subjects.

After the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-six, the state board of education may at its discretion prescribe additional requirements for the granting of teachers' certificates.

The state superintendent of schools shall have authority to issue normal school certificates valid for five years, to graduates in the diploma course of any state normal school, or other schools approved for the offering of this course, to graduates in the diploma course of the Bluefield colored institute and of the West Virginia collegiate institute and to persons who have completed a normal course of study in any school of another state, which in the judgment of the state board of education, is equivalent in all respects to the diploma course of study in the state normal schools of this State.

Until the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two, first grade elementary certificates shall be valid in all the schools of the State, and thereafter they shall be valid in elementary schools and junior high schools. Second grade and third grade elementary certificates shall be valid in all the grades of the elementary schools, provided, that no person shall be employed as principal of any school of two or more rooms in the same building who does not hold a first grade certificate or its equivalent.

Sec. 105. High School Certificates. High school certificates valid for a period of five years shall be issued by the state superintendent of schools to applicants who have passed a satisfactory examination upon ten subjects to be designated by the state board of education.

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The state superintendent of schools shall have authority to issue the high school certificate valid for five years, upon application in due form, to graduates of the West Virginia University, and to graduates of other approved colleges and universities, in this and other States; provided, that the collegiate courses of instruction completed by such graduates have included not less than twenty semester hours in professional subjects and, provided, further, that each high school certificate issued under the provisions of this act shall show the subject or subjects the holder thereof is especially qualified to teach.

High school certificates shall be valid in all high schools and elementary schools in the State; and after the first day of July, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two, they shall be required in all classified high schools.

Sec. 106. Supervisor's Certificates. Supervisor's certificates val!d for a period of five years shall be issued by the state superintendent of schools to applicants who have taught not less than two years on a first grade certificate, or who have had other experience which the state board of education regards as equivalent to two years of teaching, and who have passed a satisfactory examination upon such subjects as shall be designated by the state board of education.

The state superintendent of schools shall have authority to issue the supervisor's certificate valid for five years, upon application in due form, to graduates of the West Virginia University, or other approved universities or colleges and to graduates of the state normal schools or other institutions approved by the state board of education for the offering of the diploma normal course; provided, the course of instruction completed by such graduates shall have included not less than twenty semester hours in professional subjects, five semester hours of which shall have been in the subject of school supervision. Supervisors' certificates shall be valid in all the schools of the State.

Sec. 107. Short Course Certificate. The state superintendent of schools shall have authority, upon application in due form, to issue without examination the short course certificates, valid for a period of three years, to persons who are otherwise qualified and who have completed the short course in any of the state normal schools or other schools approved by the state board of education for the offering of this course, the short course in the West Virginia collegiate institute and the Bluefield colored institute, the normal training course in high schools that have been approved by the state board of education.

Such short course certificates shall be valid in the elementary and junior high schools in the State, and in the payment of salaries shall be considered as first grade certificates.

Sec. 108. Special Certificates. The state superintendent of free schools shall have authority, upon the recommendation of the state board of education, to issue special certificates to librarians, kindergarten teachers, primary teachers, and special teachers and supervisors of music, drawing, physical training, home economics, manual training, agriculture, and other vocational subjects, and such other subjects as the needs of the schools may require.

Special certificates may be issued upon examination or upon the satisfactory completion by the applicants therefor, of such courses of study as may be approved by the state board of education for the issuance of such certificates.

Special certificates shall be valid throughout the State for the teaching or for the supervising of the special subjects to be designated on such certificates.

Sec. 109. Emergency Certificates. Emergency certificates may be issued by the state superintendent of schools in accordance with rules and regulations made therefor by the state board of education. Such certificates shall not be issued more than once to the same person, they shall be valid only in the county designated in the certificate, and they shall not be valid after the thirtieth day of June following the date of their issue. The grade of any such certificate shall be determined by the state superintendent of schools and the same shall be indicated on the face of the certificate.

Sec. 110. Credit for Grades Made in School. Nothing hereinbefore contained shall prevent the state superintendent of schools from accepting in lieu of an examination in any subject or subjects required for the granting of any certificate herein provided for, a satisfactory grade or grades made by the applicant in such subject or subjects in an approved college, normal school, or first class high school; provided, that such grade or grades have been given by such college, normal school or first class high school upon the satisfactory completion of not less than one year's work or the equivalent thereof, in each subject in which such substitution of grade is sought.

All certificates issued for a period of five years or longer, shall be considered first grade certificates as to renewal and payment of salaries.

Sec. 111. Renewal of Certificates. All first grade certificates, normal school certificates, high school certificates, supervisors' certificates and special certificates, issued after July first, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two, shall upon their expiration or within the year immediately following, be renewable for five year periods; provided, that the holders thereof shall have been actively engaged in educational work for not less than three years of each five year period, and shall pass an examination on two reading circle books for the first renewal, and be recommended for such renewal by the county superintendent of schools of the county where the certificate was issued, or where the teacher holding such certificate has taught, without additional requirements whatever.

At the termination of the first renewal period of all first grade certificates issued after one thousand nine hundred and-twenty-two, the holder thereof shall be granted a renewal for the period of five years upon the condition that he has taught three years of the five year period or been actively engaged in school work, and is recommended for renewal by the county superintendent of the county where he resides or has been teaching.

At the end of the second renewal period, the holder of any certificate of the first grade, issued after one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two, shall receive a similar certificate valid for life, if he has taught or been otherwise actively engaged in school work within the life of the certificate, for a period equal to the period of service required for second renewal, and no other requirements shall be imposed upon him. Provided, however, that the holders of certificates of the first grade which have been issued, or which shall be issued prior to July first, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two, shall be renewable as follows:

First renewal on condition that the holder has taught or been actively engaged in school work for three years during the preceding five year period and is recommended for such renewal by the county superintendent where he resides or has been teaching. At the end of the first renewal period it shall be renewed on recommendation of county superintendent and passing an examination on two books of the reading circle course.

At the end of the second renewal period the holder of any certificate of the

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rank of first grade shall be issued a similar certificate valid for life, if he has taught or been otherwise actively engaged in school work for three years during the life of the certificate, and is recommended for such renewal by the county superintendent of his county. No other conditions of any kind shall be required of the applicant for said renewals. (See additional provisions, p. 77.)

Sec. 112. Revocation of Certificates. The state superintendent may, after ten days' notice and upon proper evidence, revoke the certificate of any teacher for drunkenness, untruthfulness, immorality, or for any physical, mental or moral defect which would render him unfit for the proper performance of his duties as a teacher, or for any neglect of duty or refusal to perform the same or for any other cause which would have justified the withholding of a certificate when the same was issued.

Any county superintendent who knows of any immorality or neglect of duty on the part of any teacher shall report the same, together with all the facts and evidence, to the state superintendent for such action as in his judgment may be proper.

TEACHERS'INSTITUTES-COUPONS OF CREDIT

Sec. 113. Time and Place of Holding Teachers’ Institutes. As a means of improving the teachers and fitting them for more effective service in the schools of the State, teachers' county institutes shall be held annually throughout the State, one or more in each county, at such times and at such places as the state superintendent, with the advice of the county superintendent, shall direct, and such institutes shall continue each for one week of five days. It is provided, however, that the state superintendent may vary the nature of the instruction in such institutes, and may arrange the time and duration of the same in such way as to promote the best interests of the schools.

Sec. 114. Attendance Upon Institutes. Every person employed as a teacher in the schools of this State shall be required to attend a county teachers' institute, or such other teachers' meeting as the state superintendent of schools shall prescribe for his group of teachers or kind of work, for at least five days in each year, or for the number of days more or less than five as may be prescribed by the said superintendent.

The county superintendent of schools may excuse, if requested, from attending the teachers' institute any teacher who has been in attendance for at least six weeks after January first of the year in which such excuse is sought, at a standard college, university, or state normal school, or other approved school, and who presents to said county superintendent a statement signed by the principal or president of the school showing what branches have been pursued and that the required work has been satisfactorily completed. The state superintendent of schools shall determine what schools shall be recognized and the nature and amount of the work which shall be accepted by said county superintendent in carrying out the provisions of this section. For such institute attendance the teacher shall be paid two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50) a day for not to exceed five days in any one year, such compensation to be paid out of the teachers' fund of the district at the end of his term of school. Teachers whose schools have been discontinued for any legal cause shall receive such portion of the total per diem as the number of months actually taught bears to the number of months in the school term provided for the district.

It shall be the duty of the county superintendent to see that teachers who do not attend institute or who have not been legally excused are not allowed to teach in his county during any year in which such failure occurs.

Sec. 115. Filing of Certificate. It shall be the duty of each teacher to file with the secretary of the board of education of the district in which he is employed, before the opening of his school, a certificate of institute attendance or an excuse therefrom signed by the county superintendent of schools.

If the county institute is held after the opening of his school, the teacher shall file his certificate of attendance within ten days after the close of the institute.

Sec. 116. Instructors. The institute shall be conducted by experienced and skillful instructors appointed by the state superintendent of free schools, but it shall be a part of the duty of the county superintendent under the instructions of the state superintendent, to make all arrangements for the institutes and to assist in conducting them.

Sec. 117. Pay of Instructors. The instructors appointed by the state superintendent shall be paid for their services and expenses out of the general school fund on the order of the state superintendent; provided, that the amount expended for teachers' institutes in the State for any year shall not exceed the amount appropriated by the Legislature for that purpose.

Sec. 118. Enrollment Fee. Every teacher enrolled in a county teachers' institute, or other teachers' meeting conducted in lieu thereof, shall pay an institute fee of one dollar and twenty-five cents ($1.25), two-fifths of which may be used by the county superintendent of schools for incidental expenses and for the betterment of the institute, and the other three-fifths of said fee, together with any remainder of said two-fifths allowed for incidental expenses, shall be remitted by the county superintendent of schools to the auditor of the State to be paid into the state treasury to the credit of the general school fund. An account of said expenses shall be submitted to the institute during its session for approval or disapproval. If any county superintendent of schools shall fail within a reasonable time to remit said portion of the institute fees in his county to the auditor, it shall then be the duty of the auditor to withhold payment of the salary of such county superintendent until such remittance has been received.

Sec. 119. Report to be Made. The county superintendent of schools shall, within five days after the close of the institute, forward to the state superintendent of schools a certified list of all persons enrolled at the county institute, giving the exact time each teacher was in attendance. Said county superintendent shall also forward to the state superintendent a certified statement of the receipts and expenditures as approved by the institute as provided in section one hundred twenty-one of this act, together with the receipts for all money expended.

Sec. 120. District Institutes. As a further means of improvement among the teachers, the county superintendent, or the district supervisor, with the consent of the county superintendent, shall arrange for and conduct district or joint district institutes, one or more for each district of the county within the school year. The county superintendent may also approve the attendance of the teachers employed in his county at a teachers' round table. Attendance upon district institutes or teachers' round tables as herein provided may be substituted for an equal amount of teaching at the discretion of the county superintendent, who shall report to the secretary of the board of education the attendance approved by him.

Sec. 121. Reading Circles Coupons of Credit. Teachers shall be en

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