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Tas St. LOUIS AND New-ORLEANS TELEGRAPH.—This line extends from St. Louis, Mo., to Nashville, Tenn., via Cairo, Ill., and Paducah, Ky. Length, about 400 miles. River crossings have greatly retarded the prosperity of this line. During the past summer, submarine cables have been laid across the various streams, and now the Company work successfully through cables across the Ohio, Mississippi, Tennessee and Merrimac rivers, making the most extensive submarine line in America. A reliable connection south of Nashville with New Orleans, will enable the line to pay a handsome diyidend at an early day. Col. Wm. Tanner is President.
New-ORLEANS AND On10 TELEGRAPH.— The line of this Company extends from New Orleans, via Vicksburg, Nashville, Louisville, Maysville, Cincinnati, Wheeling, to Pittsburg, connecting with the lines running to New York, giving a direct intercourse thereto from New-Orleans. This Company has two wires from Louisville to New-Orleans, which make not less than two wires from Boston to New-Orleans. The revenue of this Company is nearly $200,000 per annum, and is rapidly increasing. Col. Wm. Tanner is President. While the Company has the services of one in whom confidence can be so implicitly placed, as can be with Col. Tanner, there need be no fears of the property of the Company being wasted away, by wild and extravagant schemes, such as have marked the career of some other lines in America.
Rail-ROAD TELEGRAPHS.— Since it has been established that Telegraph lines greatly benefit the Rail-road routes by economy in running, and safety of lives, nearly all the leading roads in the country are securing lines along their routes, and appropriating liberal sums for their use. The day is not far distant, when every rail-road throughout the land will be compelled to adopt the use of the Telegraph in the running of their trains. We will discuss this question in future.
PITTSBURG, CINCINNATI, AND LOUISVILLE LINE.—The Company extends from Pittsburg, via Cincinnati, to Louisville. Two wires the entire distance. This line is one of the best in the United States, having business connections with several long ranges. Mr. Jackson Duncan is Superintendent, and is actively engaged in the management of the line. Mr. Duncan is a practical man, well qualified for the office, and ere many months the Company will realize the advantage of having a Superintendent who studies the economy as well as the theory of operation. The men that can go out on the line, and partake with the men in the hardships of repairs, like Mr. Duncan, Mr. Brooks, Mr. Woods, and a host of others like them, are the men for Superintendents.
TELEGRAPH INCIDENT.—Early in November last, the wires of the Montreal Telegraph Line, near Northfield, Vt., was by some means caught by the loco. motive of a train of cars, on the Vermont Central Rail-road, and stripped from the poles for a distance of fifteen miles. This demonstrates two facts : 1st, that the wire was good; and 2d, that the poles were totally worthless.
Boston TELEGRAPH OFFICES.—The lines running into Boston have, nearly all, offices of their own, which necessarily occasion great inconvenience, and increased expense.
The Boston and New-York line has an office in building 76 State-street, up stairs. Bain line to Portland, in same office.
The Northern line to Montreal is in same building, first floor in rear.
The Maine Telegraph line has an office on first floor, Traveller Building, 31 State-street.
Marine Telegraph line is in the Merchants' Exchange Reading Room.
The New-York and Boston, House line, is in Traveller Building, 31 Statestreet.
The offices are very accessible; but the people must be well informed in telegraphing to know what route to patronize.
New-YORK AND Boston LINE. — This Company is styled. “The NewEngland Union Telegraph Company.” It has five wires, with many lateral branches. The wires embrace all of the Morse and Bain lines. The latter system has been totally abolished, and the Morse machines substituted.
This is one of the most important lines in the United States, connecting two of the largest cities in the Union. Unfortunately, it has been allowed to go to wreck, and nearly the whole requires rebuilding. The insulation is mixed. Every kind, and nearly the very worst ever devised, is in use. It is astonishing to see such a state of affairs on an important line like this. It has not worked successfully for some time past, and never will until thoroughly repaired. Mr. Charles F. Wood, late of the Magnetic office, in New-York, has been elected Superintendent. He has been for some time engaged in repairing. Mr. Wood is a finished telegrapher. He knows his duty, and he is nobly performing it. His perseverance is equal to the necessities of the task, and his fine judgment, brought to use in the execution of his office, will produce results, crowning his efforts with the most cheering and triumphant success.
WADE TELEGRAPI LINES.—These lines are those built and managed by J. H. Wade, Esq., of Ohio. One embraces the Cincinnati, Columbus, and Cleveland line; another, the Cincinnati and St. Louis line, and in addition, several branch lines and rail-road routes. Mr. Wade is building an extensive range of lines along the rail-roads in Ohio and Indiana. If there is a telegraph man in the United States deserving of credit for energy and good management, it is Mr. Wade. He has conducted his lines upon a liberal, yet economical scale. He does not falter in expending a dollar where ten-fold will result therefrom. Some managers of lines hold on to the dollar, and allow the line to go to wreck; others, again, spend every dollar for fancy and extravagant show. Not so with Mr. Wade. He is a saving man, energetic and just, possessing abilities equal to his position. Success has crowned his efforts, and his career as a telegrapher has been marked as conservative, and equal in skill to that of any other gentleman engaged in the enterprise.
NEW-YORK, WASHINGTON, AND New-ORLEANS LINE.—This Company is one of the pioneer lines in the United States. It was built by Mr. John J. Haley. The line extends from Washington City, via Richmond, Va., Raleigh, N. C., Columbia, S. C., Macon, Ga., Mobile, Al., to New-Orleans. A leased wire, belonging to the Magnetic Telegraph Company, connecting the line of the Company at Washington, direct with Philadelphia and New-York, is also under the management of that line. The office in New-York greatly increases the revenue of the line. Its income is very large. S. Mowrey, Jr., is President, and although new in the business, we have unlimited confidence in his superior judgment in the management of the line. It is one of the longest in the United States, and the difficulties of working are many. The most patient and energetic man will have times of sorrow; but we think Mr. Mowrey will never allow fail to enter his mind. He meets a liberal and hearty encouragement from the many gentlemen employed on the line, and his success may be considered as beyond doubt.
Texas TELEGRAPH LINE.—While Texas existed as a Republic, Prof. Morse presented his Patented Telegraph to the nation as a token of respect and esteem. He receives no consideration for lines constructed in the State of Texas.
We understand that Messrs. Smith & Ward are pushing forward the construction of many miles of lines in Texas. They have had to contend with many difficulties, but we are rejoiced to hear of their success. severance entitles them to great praise, and liberal realization of material relief.
WESTERY TELEGRAPI LINE.—This line extends from Baltimore, via Frederick, Harper's Ferry, and Cumberland, to Wheeling, with a branch from Brownsville to Pittsburg. It is about 360 miles long. The Company, last summer, made a contract to run a wire along the Baltimore and Ohio Rail-road. The line will be completed on or before January, 1854. This Company is paying a dividend, and the prospects for the future are very encouraging. Geo. R. Dodge, Esq., is President.
BAIN LINE From LOWELL TO GARDNER. --A line of Telegraph has been erected from Lowell to Gardner, Mass., via Fitchburg, on which the Bain system was designed to be worked. The revenue not being sufficient to sus"tain it, the property has been sold, and operations suspended. Some of the wire has been taken down. Small routes, or lines, having many offices, can only succeed with the use of the Morse system. Transferring work from one office to another, at will, is one of the principal elements of success.
INDIANA AND Illinois LINE.—This range of lines is very extensive, running from Cincinnati to Dayton, Indianapolis, Terre Haute, Detroit, Chicago, &c., being in length over 700 miles. During the past year, it was leased for a term of years, to Mr. Ezra Cornell, who is one of the oldest telegraphers in America. He was on the first line built, and his experience and ingenuity enable him to surmount many difficulties that ordinary men would fail in their efforts to overcome. Mr. C., like many of the old telegraphers, has braved the storms and tempests, and we do hope the remainder of his career in the telegraph will be as brilliant and cheering as his pathway in the past has been rugged and gloomy.
YELLOW FEVER IN THE SOUTH.—This fatal disease has, during the past summer, swept over the Southern country with disastrous results. Towns and cities suffered badly. In the midst of the epidemic, the telegraph lines were not excepted; many of the operators were the victims of the fever. Mr. B. P. Crane, Mr. !Achilles Herbert, and others of the National lines in New-Orleans, fortunately recovered. · Not so blessed were H. F. Watkins, chief operator at New-Orleans, W. H. Grogan, and T. S. Titcomb, formerly of the same office, and also W. Clayton, chief operator of the Mobile office, of the Washington line. They were victims of the fell destroyer. They were faithful and efficient officers. We record their early departure from among us, with pensive feelings, that useful men like those should be so early borne "from whence no traveller returns."
MAYSVILLE SUBMARINE CABLE.-We regret to learn that the electric cable, constructed for the Maysville, Ky., crossing, proved worthless, after applying the greatest energy to secure success. Cause of failure was over-heating the gutta percha, destroying its insulation, and thereby connecting the electric wires. Cables constructed on the same principle can be made effective by proper care and the use of suitable machinery. The reels were too small, and the twist proved fatal.
New-YORK, ALBANY AND BUFFALO LINE.—We are rejoiced to hear of the prospects of this line. The Company has several wires on its main line, and also a number of branch lines as feeders. Mr. F. H. Palmer, of NewYork, is the Superintendent of the line from New-York to Utica, and Mr. 0. E. Wood, Superintendent from Utica to Buffalo. These gentlemen are practical managers, and well versed in the art of telegraphing. If the line cannot succeed under the management of such gentlemen, there can be but little hope in the future. They are actively engaged in making repairs, and, ere long, the line to Buffalo from New-York can be relied upon as one of the most efficient and reliable in the United States. Mr. John Butterfield, of Utica, is President.
NewFOUNDLAND TELEGRAPH LINE.—We understand that this Company has suspended further work in the construction of the submarine line to Cape Race, from Halifax, until spring. They are confident of success. The steamers to run in connection with this line, between Galway and America, are in course of construction. Unparalleled speed is expected in the running of these steamers.
HOUSE LINES.—The line of this system running from New York to Washington is doing a very fine business. Mr. Henry J. Rogers is the Superintendent. He is one of the oldest telegraphers in the United States, having been associated with Prof. Morse in the management of the first line in America, and is well versed in the science of electric telegraphs. Various improvements have been invented by him, and his diversified talents are equal to any emergency. We regretted that Mr. Rogers found it to be his interest to leave the “art that has worked so well” amid storm and tempest.
The line from New York, via Albany, Buffalo, Cleveland and Cincinnati, to Louisville, is under the superintendence of Mr. Anson Stager, of Buffalo. It is a long range of lines, and the difficulties of management must be very great. Fortunately, however, for the Company, Mr. Stager is well qualified for the position. He is a thorough telegrapher, understanding the working of lines as well as any other gentleman engaged in the business. His zeal and qualifications entitle him to richer rewards than are usually attained in the telegraph enterprise.
The business of the line from New York to Louisville is very large, and rapidly increasing.
DAMAGE BY SLEET.—The recent storms in the North greatly damaged the Telegraphs. The New-York, Albany and Buffalo suffered very much, but the line from Orwell, Vt, to Whitehall, N. Y., and thence to Rutland, Vt., was totally destroyed. The wire was broken between nearly every pole. The damage was so great that fears are entertained that the repairs will not be completed before spring.
TELEGRAPH CONTROVERSIES.—We have received a communication, with a request for publication, from a friend, which reviews very critically the management of one of the lines in the United States. We would gladly publish it if we thought good would be the result. We desire to be cautious in meddling with the private affairs of Companies. We prefer to point out remedies for evils, without being too particular in noticing the localities of existing wrongs. Where an evil affects the general system of telegraphing, we will not fail to condemn, hoping to promote prosperity, and not foster contentions.
CORRESPONDENTS.—We respectfully invite letters from telegraphers of all positions, relative to the mude of telegraphing, and all news pertaining to lines, and business thereon. Any question of the science is a matter of interest. Let everybody write.
A MODEL BATTERY.—There is nothing about the telegraph business more essential in successful management, than care in the battery series. We always visit the batteries wherever an opportunity offers. Among those of the most beautiful and best arranged in the United States, is that in the New-York office of the New England Union Company, under the managecent of Mr. Charles T. Smith. He has had as much experience in batteries as any other gentleman in the country, and he adheres to the settled