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Explanation

The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the ger
nent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive
agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided int
represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. Each tit
chapters which usually bear the name of the issuing agency
further subdivided into parts covering specific regulatory areas

ISSUE DATES

Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each
issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows:

Title 1 through Title 16................
Title 17 through Title 27...............
Title 28 through Title 41.............

Title 42 through Title 50................
The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of ea

LEGAL STATUS

The contents of the Federal Register are required to be
U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima i
text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510).

HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATION

The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by t
the Federal Register. These two publications must be us
mine the latest version of any given rule.

To determine whether a Code volume has been amei
date (in this case, April 1, 1989), consult the "List of
(LSA),” which is issued monthly, and the “Cumulative I
which appears in the Reader Aids section of the daily F
two lists will identify the Federal Register page numbe
ment of any given rule.

EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES

Each volume of the Code contains amendments publi:
ister since the last revision of that volume of the Code,
regulations are referred to by volume number and pag
Register and date of publication. Publication dates and
ly not the same and care must be exercised by the
actual effective date. In instances where the effective a
date for the Code a note has been inserted to reflect
In those instances where a regulation published in the

OBSOLETE PROVISIONS

Provisions that become obsolete before the revision date stated on the cover
of each volume are not carried. Code users may find the text of provisions in
effect on a given date in the past by using the appropriate numerical list of
sections affected. For the period before January 1, 1973, consult either the List
of CFR Sections Affected, 1949-1963, or 1964-1972, published in three separate
volumes. For the period beginning January 1, 1973, a "List of CFR Sections
Affected" is published at the end of each CFR volume.

What is incorporation by reference? Incorporation by reference was estab-

lished by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the requirement to pub-

lish regulations in the Federal Register by referring to materials already pub-

lished elsewhere. For an incorporation to be valid, the Director of the Federal

Register must approve it. The legal effect of incorporation by reference is that

the material is treated as if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5

U.S.C. 552(a)). This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the

force of law.

What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the Federal

Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when the requirements
of 1 CFR Part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which approval is based are:

(a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of material pub-

lished in the Federal Register.

(b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent necessary to

afford fairness and uniformity in the administrat process.

(c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for publication in
accordance with 1 CFR Part 51.

Properly approved incorporations by reference in this volume are listed in the
Finding Aids at the end of this volume.

What if the material incorporated by reference cannot be found? If you have
any problem locating or obtaining a copy of material listed in the Finding Aids
of this volume as an approved incorporation by reference, please contact the
agency that issued the regulation containing that incorporation. If, after con-
tacting the agency, you find the material is not available, please notify the
Director of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administra-
tion, Washington DC 20408, or call (202) 523-4534.

CFR INDEXES AND TABULAR GUIDES

A subject index to the Code of Federal Regulations is contained in a separate
volume, revised annually as of January 1, entitled CFR INDEX AND FINDING AIDS.
This volume contains the Parallel Table of Statutory Authorities and Agency
Rules (Table I), and Acts Requiring Publication in the Federal Register (Table
III). A list of CFR Titles, Chapters, and Parts and an alphabetic
cies publishing in the CFR are also included in this volume.

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