Lapas attēli



HAVING retired from public office in the summer of 1823, I had the honour to receive the appointment of Professor of Law in Columbia College. The trustees of that institution have repeatedly given me the most liberal and encouraging proofs of their respect and confidence, and of which I shall ever retain a grateful recollection. A similar appointment was received from them in the year 1793; and this renewed mark of their approbation determined me to employ the entire leisure in which I found myself, in further endeavours to discharge the debt which, according to Lord Bacon, every man owes to his profession. I was strongly induced to accept the trust from the want of occupation; being apprehensive that the sudden cessation of my habitual employment," and the contrast between the discussions of the forum, and the solitude of

a I was appointed Recorder of New-York in March, 1797, and from that time until August, 1823, I was constantly employed in judicial duties.

retirement, might be unpropitious to my health and spirits, and cast a premature shade over the happiness of declining years.

The following lectures are the fruit of the acceptance of that trust; and in the performance of my collegiate duty, I had the satisfaction to meet a collection of interesting young gentlemen of fine talents and pure character, who placed themselves under my instruction, and in whose future welfare a deep interest is felt.

Having been encouraged to suppose that the publication of the Lectures might render them more extensively useful, I have been induced to submit the present volume to the notice of students, and of the junior members of the profession, for whose use they were originally compiled. Another volume is wanting, to embrace all the material parts of the Lectures which have been composed. It will treat, at large, and in an elementary manner, of the law of property, and of personal rights, and commercial contracts ; and will be prepared for the press in the course of the ensuing year, unless in the mean time there should be reason to apprehend, that another volume would be trespassing too far upon the patience and indulgence of the public.




WHEN the first volume of these Commentaries was published, it was hoped and expected that a second would be sufficient to include the remainder of the Lectures, which had been delivered in Columbia College. But in revising them for the press, some parts required to be suppressed, others to be considerably enlarged, and the arrangement of the whole to be altered and improved. A third volume has accordingly become requisite, to embrace that remaining portion of the work, which treats of commercial law, and of the doctrine of real estates, and the incorporeal rights and privileges incident to them.


It is probable that in some instances I may have been led into more detail than may be thought consistent with the plan of the publication. My apology is to be found in the difficulty of being really useful on some branches of the

a This appeared in 1828, and a fourth volume was required, and appeared in 1830.

law, without going far into practical illustrations, and stating, as far as I was able, with precision and accuracy, the established distinctions. Such a detail, however, has been, and will hereafter be, avoided as much as possible; for the knowledge that is intended to be communicated in these volumes, is believed to be, in most cases, of general application, and is of that elementary kind, which is not only essential to every person who pursues the science of the law as a practical profession, but is deemed useful and ornamental to gentlemen in every pursuit, and especially to those who are to assume places of public trust, and to take a share in the business and in the councils of our country.

NEW-YORK, NOVEMBER 17th, 1827.

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