Lapas attēli
PDF
ePub

The Students' Series of Latin Classics

Livius, Titus

LIVY

BOOKS XXI AND XXII

EDITED

ON THE BASIS OF WÖLFFLIN'S EDITION

WITH INTRODUCTION AND MAPS

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][ocr errors]

LEACH, SHEWELL, & SANBORN

BOSTON AND NEW YORK

[blocks in formation]

SUMMARY.

BOOK XXI.

INTRODUCTION. Greatness of the conflict, ch. 1. Hamilcar and Hannibal, Hannibal's character, ch. 2-4. Hannibal brings on a war with Saguntum, a neutral town. The Romans are disturbed, ch. 5, 6. The Romans send an embassy to Hannibal, which, on being refused a hearing, goes on to Carthage, ch. 9. Speeches in the Carthaginian Senate, ch. 10. An unsuccessful attempt to bring about an agreement between Hannibal and the Saguntines, ch. 12, 13. The siege of Saguntum is successfully concluded, ch. 14.

Excursus on chronology, ch. 15. Anxiety in Rome, and preparations for war, ch. 16, 17. War declared by envoys to the Carthaginian Senate and accepted by the Carthaginians, ch. 18, 19. The Roman envoys attempt to arouse northern Spain and Gaul for Rome, ch. 19, 20. Hannibal disbands his army for the winter, makes a journey to Gades, and prepares for an advance against Rome in the spring, ch. 21, 22.

March to Italy. Passage of the Pyrenees and advance through Gaul, ch. 23, 24. Preparations of the Romans and despatch of Scipio to intercept Hannibal, ch. 25, 26. Passage of the Rhone by Hannibal, ch. 27, 28. A skirmish between Scipio's cavalry and the Numidian horse of Hannibal issues in favor of the Romans, ch. 29. Hannibal, having received guides from the Gauls in Italy, and having settled a dispute among the Allobroges, ch. 31, advances toward the Alps, while Scipio, unable to overtake him, returns to Italy, ch. 32.

Passage of the Alps. The summit attained, ch.

Opposition of the mountaineers, ch. 32-34. 35. Difficulty of the descent increased by a landslide, ch. 36, 37. Critical note on the route of Hannibal, ch. 38.

Hannibal in Italy. On reaching the Po, he is confronted by Scipio, ch. 39. Scipio's speech to his army, (for an outline, see the notes,) ch. 40, 41. Hannibal, after a contest of the captives, addresses his soldiers (see notes), and makes promises of rewards, ch. 42-45. Defeat of the Romans in a cavalry engagement on the Ticinus, and withdrawal of Scipio to Placentia, ch. 46, 47. Mutiny of the Gallic auxiliaries of the Romans, ch. 48. Roman naval successes near Sicily, ch. 49-51. Sempronius recalled to aid Scipio. A slight success makes him confident, ch. 52, 53. Hannibal prepares for battle and lays an ambush, ch. 54, 55. Disastrous defeat of the Romans on the Trebia. Its effect on Rome. Operations during the winter of 218–217, ch. 56, 57. Hannibal attempts unsuccessfully to cross the Apennines, ch. 58. Indecisive battle near Placentia, ch. 59.

Roman successes in Spain, ch. 60, 61. Prodigies at and near Rome, ch. 62. Election of consuls. Flaminius goes to Ariminum to enter on his office without performing the customary religious and ceremonial rites, ch. 63.

BOOK XXII.

With the coming of spring, 217, the war is renewed. Prodigies at Rome, ch. 1. Hannibal, leaving the Po, crosses the Apennines to Etruria. Owing to the inundation of the country, his army suffers severely, and he loses an eye, ch. 2. By devastating the country, Hannibal seeks to draw Flaminius to a battle. Flaminius, in opposition to the advice of his council, follows in pursuit, ch. 3. Flaminius, proceeding without reconnaissance, is drawn into a trap at Lake Trasumennus, disastrously defeated, and loses his own life. Terrible anxiety at Rome intensified by the capture of a division of cavalry in Umbria, ch. 4-8.

Hannibal reorganizes his army and proceeds southward to Apulia. The Sibylline books are consulted, ch. 9. Temples and a sacred spring are vowed, and Fabius is appointed dictator, ch. 10. Fabius, raising a new army, maintains a purely defensive policy, contrary to the views of Minucius, the master of horse, ch. 11, 12. Hannibal, seeking a battle, is lead by a mistake of his guides, ch. 13, into Campania, which he plunders. Indignation of Minucius and the

« iepriekšējāTurpināt »