Transnational Criminal Organizations, Cybercrime, and Money Laundering: A Handbook for Law Enforcement Officers, Auditors, and Financial Investigators

Pirmais vāks
CRC Press, 1998. gada 20. okt. - 344 lappuses
WRITTEN BY A LAW ENFORCEMENT PROFESSIONAL FOR OTHER LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL IN THE TRENCHES

This book examines the workings of organized criminals and criminal groups that transcend national boundaries. Discussions include methods used by criminal groups to internationally launder money; law enforcement efforts to counteract such schemes; and new methods and tactics to counteract transnational money laundering.

A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO FACETS OF INTERNATIONAL CRIME AND MEASURES TO COMBAT THEM

Intended for law enforcement personnel, bank compliance officers, financial investigators, criminal defense attorneys, and anyone interested in learning about the basic concepts of international crime and money laundering, this timely text explains:

  • money laundering terms and phrases
  • an overview of relevant federal agencies, transnational criminal organizations, and basic investigatory techniques
  • the intricacies of wire transfers and cyberbanking
  • the phenomenon of the "World Wide Web"
  • No grāmatas satura

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    Atlasītās lappuses

    Saturs

    International Criminal Organizations
    5
    II The Big Six International Criminal Organizations
    7
    2 The Camorra
    9
    3 Ndrangheta
    10
    C Japanese Yakuza
    13
    D The Chinese Triads
    15
    2 Recent Operations Against the Chinese Triads
    16
    E Colombian Drug Cartels
    17
    b Forfeiture of Property Involved in Money Laundering
    143
    D AntiDrug Abuse Act of 1988
    144
    F MoneyLaundering Suppression Act of 1994 MLSA
    145
    G International Emergency Economic Powers Act IEEPA and PDD
    146
    H International Crime Control Act of 1996 ICCA
    147
    III Proposed Money Laundering and Financial Crimes Strategy Bill of 1997
    148
    IV Federal Sentencing Guidelines
    149
    B How the Guidelines Work
    150

    1 The Medellin Cartel
    18
    2 The Cali Cartel
    19
    b The Leaders of the Cali Cartel
    21
    ii Jose Santacruz Londono
    22
    4 Northern Valle del Cauca Traffickers
    23
    1 Gulf Cartel
    24
    3 Sonora Cartel
    25
    5 Amezqua Organization
    26
    III Other International Criminals and Criminal Organizations
    27
    B Khun Sa
    28
    C Manuel Noriega
    29
    IV International Terrorist Organizations
    30
    B Terrorist Organizations
    31
    2 Provisional Irish Republican Army PITA or IRA
    32
    B The Colombian Cartels A Strategic Alliance Case Study
    33
    Specially Designated Narcotics Traffickers
    35
    MoneyLaundering Techniques
    43
    2 An Introduction to Money Laundering
    45
    Why Fight It?
    47
    III The Mechanics of Money Laundering
    48
    A The Three Stages of Money Laundering
    49
    Layering
    51
    IV MoneyLaundering Techniques and Tools
    52
    B Structuring
    54
    C The Use of Front Companies
    55
    2 Businesses Commonly Used as Front Companies
    56
    c Travel agencies
    57
    E Bank Drafts
    58
    F Counterbalancing Loan Schemes
    59
    H MirrorImage Trading
    60
    K The Colombian BlackMarket Peso Exchange
    61
    The Ultimate Example of La Vuelta
    63
    3 Cyberbanking and Wire Transfers
    67
    B Cyberbanking and the Encryption of Data
    68
    C Smart Cards or StoredValue Cards
    70
    D Electronic Benefits Transfer Cards EBT Cards
    71
    A CybercriminaPs Case History
    72
    C Cybercrime Statutes and Laws
    73
    III Cybersecurity in the Future
    74
    An Example
    77
    4 Money Laundering in the Banking Industry
    79
    II Offshore Banking
    80
    B Attributes of OffshoreBanking Havens
    81
    HI Underground or Parallel Banking Systems
    82
    2 The Major Wire Transfer Systems
    85
    B The Use of Conduit Accounts
    87
    D The Use of PayableThrough Accounts
    88
    2 Basic Steps for Any Bank Compliance Program
    89
    3 Know Your Customer Policies
    90
    5 Tip Off Provisions
    92
    B Cash Reserves
    93
    B Banque Leu
    94
    1 The Early Years of BCCI
    95
    2 BCCIs Move to The Cayman Islands
    96
    b Establishing a US Commodities Trading Presence
    97
    Something Appears Wrong
    98
    Congressional Subcommittees Begin to Look at BCCI
    99
    5 Money Laundering in NonBank Financial Institutions NBFIs
    103
    II Money Services Businesses MSBs
    104
    B Money Order Transmitters
    105
    C Casas de Cambio
    106
    B Laundering Money Through Casinos
    107
    C Tribal Casinos
    108
    IV Card Clubs
    109
    V Race Tracks
    110
    VII Securities Dealers and Brokers
    111
    The Good Guys
    113
    6 United States Federal Government Agencies and Task Forces
    115
    B Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI
    116
    III Department of State
    117
    IV Department of the Treasury
    120
    A Office of the Comptroller of the Currency OCC
    121
    1 Customs Service Currency Interdiction Efforts
    122
    C Internal Revenue Service IRS
    123
    D Office of Thrift Supervision OTS
    125
    E Financial Crimes Enforcement Network FinCEN
    126
    1 Office of Financial Enforcement OFE
    127
    F Office of Foreign Assets Control OFAC
    128
    V Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation FDIC
    129
    AntiMoneyLaundering Tools
    131
    7 Domestic MoneyLaundering Statutes and Laws
    133
    II Evolution of American MoneyLaundering Laws
    134
    B Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations RICO Statute
    137
    C Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 MLCA
    138
    1 Money Laundering Involving financial Transactions
    139
    2 Crossing the Border Without Declaring Monetary Instruments
    140
    3 MoneyLaundering Sting Operations
    141
    4 MoneyLaundering Underlying Offenses
    142
    C Sentencing Guidelines for Money Laundering Offenses
    151
    D Future of the Sentencing Guidelines
    153
    BANK SECRECY ACT 31 USC 53115324 and Regulations
    155
    8 Regulatory AntiMoneyLaundering Forms
    181
    B Currency Transaction Report by Casinos CTRC
    182
    C Currency and Monetary Instrument Report CMIR
    183
    D Foreign Bank Account Report FBAR
    184
    F Suspicious Activity Report SAR
    185
    The Reporting Forms
    188
    9 Asset Forfeiture
    193
    II Basic Concepts of Forfeiture
    194
    2 Property Related to MoneyLaundering Crimes
    195
    D Civil or Criminal Forfeiture
    196
    Administrative Proceedings
    198
    3 Criminal Forfeiture Proceedings
    199
    E Relation Back Doctrine
    200
    F Innocent Owners
    201
    III Equitable Sharing and Adoption of State Forfeitures
    202
    V The Future of Asset Forfeiture
    203
    10 Law Enforcement Operations
    205
    B Mobile Enforcement Teams METs
    206
    II MultiAgency DrugMoneyLaundering Operations
    207
    A Operation Big Ticket
    208
    D Operation Dinero
    209
    F Operation Gateway
    210
    H Operation Green Ice II
    211
    J Operation Hard Line
    212
    M Operation QTip
    213
    O Pizza Connection Case
    214
    11 Investigative Techniques
    215
    Perform a Financial Analysis of the Target
    217
    2 Source and Application of Funds Analysis
    218
    III The ABA Numerical System Identification Code
    219
    The World Stage
    223
    12 International Organizations and Treaties
    225
    B The 1988 Vienna Convention
    226
    III The Financial Action Task Force FATF
    228
    C Future of the FATF
    235
    B The Nineteen Aiuba Recommendations
    236
    3 AttorneyClient Privilege
    237
    5 Administrative Authority
    238
    8 Administrative Cooperation
    239
    VI Other International Organizations or Entities
    241
    E Interpol
    242
    B Basle Committee on Banking Supervision
    243
    VIII International Agreements and Treaties
    244
    Canada Mexico Panamaand Colombia
    245
    B Canadas Relationship with the United States
    246
    D Canadas AntiMoneyLaundering Efforts
    247
    2 AntiMoneyLaundering Legislation
    249
    B Organized Crime and Money Laundering in Mexico
    251
    2 AntiMoneyLaundering Efforts
    252
    C CertificationDecertification of Mexico
    253
    III Panama and the Colon Free Zone
    255
    B Panamas AntiMoneyLaundering and DrugControl Efforts
    256
    B Colombian AntiMoneyLaundering Efforts
    257
    14 Russia and the Former Soviet Union FSU Nations
    261
    II Drug Trafficking Activity in Russia
    262
    III Drug Trafficking Activity in the Former Soviet Union Countries
    263
    V Cooperation Between Russia and the United States
    264
    15 Profiles of Other Countries
    265
    II Country Profiles
    266
    2 Antigua
    267
    3 Argentina
    268
    5 Australia
    269
    7 Belgium
    271
    8 Belize
    272
    10 British Virgin Islands
    273
    13 Burma
    274
    17 Chile
    275
    20 Czech Republic
    276
    21 Dominican Republic
    277
    23 The European Union or European Community
    278
    24 Germany
    280
    27 Haiti
    281
    28 Hong Kong
    282
    29 India
    283
    33 Jamaica
    284
    35 Laos
    285
    38 Myanmar
    286
    40 Nigeria
    287
    41 Pakistan
    288
    43 Peru
    289
    45 Switzerland
    290
    47 Thailand
    291
    References
    293
    Index
    299
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