Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 2. sējums

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1883
 

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171. lappuse - The resolution establishing the office of Commissioner of Fisheries required that the person to be appointed should be a civil officer of the government, of proved scientific and practical acquaintance with the fishes of the coast, to serve without additional salary. The choice was thus practically limited to a single man for whom, in fact, the office had been created.
172. lappuse - ... of the methods of fisheries, past and present, and the statistics of production and commerce of fishery products. Man being one of the chief destroyers of fish, his influence' upon their abundance must be studied. Fishery methods and apparatus must be examined and compared with those of other lands, that the use of those which threaten the destruction of useful fishes may be discouraged, and that those which are inefficient may be replaced by others more serviceable. Statistics of industry and...
177. lappuse - States may delegate to a tribunal, created under the laws of a State, the power to fix and determine the amount of compensation to be paid by the United States for private property taken by them in the exercise of their right of eminent domain ; or, it may, if it pleases, create a special tribunal for that purpose.
176. lappuse - ... North America. The temperature of the water, in its relation to the movements of fish, has from the first received special attention. Observations are made regularly during the summer work, and at the various hatching stations. At the instance of the Commissioner, an extensive series of observations have for several years been made under the direction of the chief signal officer of the army, at lighthouses, lightships, life-saving and signal stations, carefully chosen, along the whole coast....
172. lappuse - ... 3. The introduction and multiplication of useful food fishes throughout the country, especially in waters under the jurisdiction of the general government, or those common to several states, none of which might feel willing to make expenditures for the benefit of the others. This work, which was not contemplated when the Commission was established, was first undertaken at the instance of the American Fish Cultural Association, whose representatives induced Congress to make a special appropriation...
176. lappuse - Commissioner, an extensive series of observations have for several years been made under the direction of the Chief Signal Officer of the Army, at light-houses, light-ships, lifesaving and signal stations, carefully chosen, along the whole coast. This year thirty or more fishing schooners and steamers are carrying thermometers to record temperatures upon the fishing grounds, a journal of the movements of the fish being kept at the same time. One practical result of the study of these observations...
172. lappuse - The work is naturally divided into three sections : 1. The systematic investigation of the waters of the United States and the biological and physical problems which they present.
178. lappuse - States should be invited to become a party. The construction of the canal was to be relegated to the indefinite future, while Colombia was, by reason of her own delay, to be placed in the "more advantageous...
178. lappuse - Bean. Facilities have also been given to many institutions for making collections on their own behalf. • Six annual reports have been published, with an aggregate of 5,650 pages. These cover the period from 1871 to 1878. Many papers relating to the work have been published elsewhere— particularly descriptions of new species and results of special faunal exploration. AN EPITOME OF THE HISTORY OF THE COMMISSION. 1871. The Commissioner, with a party of zoologists, established the first summer station...
176. lappuse - Verrill, in New Haven. One of the important features of the work is the preparation of life histories of the useful marine animals of the country, and great quantities of material have been accumulated relating to almost every species. A portion of this has been published, more or less complete biographical monographs having been printed on the bluefish, the scup, the menhaden, the salmon and the whiteflsh, and others are nearly ready.

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