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that life unfolded itself, what helped and what hindered, what were its triumphs, and what its chief weaknesses—throughout all may be felt a “kin humanity's responsive beat.” Hope, comfort, stimulus, and refreshment may also be gained, the virtues may be imitated and the follies shunned. Our study need not be confined to the great in any department of life; any human life, as it has frequently been remarked, however humble, if graced with sincere and earnest elements, contains materials of interest to fellow human beings. This may be a sufficient apology for the introduction of a few names not usually called “eminent."

Acknowledgments and thanks are here tendered to those authors and publishers who have very kindly granted the use of much copyright matter. Amongst them: Mr Thomas Carlyle, Mr Richard Holt llutton, Mr Edmund Clarence Stedman, New York; Dr Pryde, the Rev. George Gilfillan, the Rev. David Macrae, Mr Thomas Constable, Messrs James R. Osgood & Co., Boston, U.S.; Smith, Elder, & Co.; W. Blackwood and Sons, Mozley & Smith, Chatto & Windus; the editors of the Times, the World, and the Dublin University Magazine, etc.

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JEREMY BENTHAM. By William Hazlitt, 9 THE MINISTER-PAINTER. By Alexander
LORD ERSKINE. By Henry Roscoe,

15
Smith,

200 MRS GRANT OF LAGGAN, .

32

THOMAS CHALMERS, D.D. By Hugh

Miller, George Gilfillan, J. G. Lockhart, GEORGE CRABBE, 41

206 SARAH SIDDONS. By the Authoress of the

MARY SOMERVILLE,

217 “ Heir of Redclyffe,” 47 Sir DAVID BREWSTER,

229 WILLIAM GODWIN. By William Hazlitt, 57 GEORGE STEPHENSON,

240 WILLIAN COBBETT. From Taiťs Magazine, 65 JOHN Wilson (Christopher North), 256 ROBERT HALL. By George Gilfillan,

THOMAS DE QUINCEY,

261

Recollections of De Quincey. By Rev. SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH. By William

Francis Jacox,

269 Hazlitt, :

79
CHARLES KNIGHT,

274 T. R. Malthus. By William Hazlitt, 83

EDWARD IRVING. By Thomas Carlyle, A PATRIARCHAL PREACHER: SAMUEL George Giltillan, etc.,

279 GILFILLAN. By George Gilfillan, . . 89 Thomas CARLYLE,

286 THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON. By Hugh

Table Talk, Characteristics, etc. By Miller,

94 Harriet Martineau, James Dodds,

Charles Sumner, Margaret Fuller, WILLIAM WORDSWORTH,

98

R. H. Horne, C. W. Wynn, Rev.
Dorothy Wordsworth,

103

Thomas Guthrie, the World, J. H. SIR WALTER SCOTT, .

116

Friswell, Dr Duncan, Charles King-
Commercial Success of the Waverley

sley,

294-299 Novels,

122
THOMAS ARNOLD, D.D.,

299 The Scott Centenary-Speech by Sir

WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, . 308
William Stirling-Maxwell,

123
LORD MACAULAY,

314 SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE. By Thomas

Hugh MILLER,

323 De Quincey, ·

129
160

Rev.
Memories of Life at the Lakes,

'HOMAS GUTHRIE, D.D.,.

337 The Death of Coleridge,

161 | RALPH WALDO EMERSON. By D. Macrae, Charles Lamb on the Death of Cole.

etc.,

316 ridge, 162 | LORD LYTTox. From the Times,

349 Coleridge. By T. Carlyle, 163 LORD BEACONSFIELD,

353 FRANCIS JEFFREY. By Hugh Miller, 164 At Hughenden, .

355 Jeffrey at Home. By Charles Pebods, 169 A Conversation with,

357 ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE. By Thomas Con

HENRY WADSWORTH LONGFELLOW, 355 stable, etc.,

170 ELIZABETH BARRETT BROWNING. By The “ Encyclopædia Britannica," 180 Edmund Clarence Stedman, .

360 Constable's Miscellany,

185 OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES. By D. Macrae, ROBERT SOUTHEY. By William Hazlitt, 187

etc.,

370 CHARLES LAMB,

191

ALFRED TENNYSON. By Edmund Clarence
Elia. By William Hazlitt,

193
Stedman,

373 A Party at Lamb's, 195 W. E. GLADSTONE,

389 Personal Recollections. By Barry

As an Orator,

391 Cornwall, 196 At Hawarden,

392 Personal Recollections. By T. N.

Mr R. H. Huttou ou,

394 Talfourd,

198 WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY. By Sayings, .

199 James Honnay, J. T. Fields, etc.,. 396

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SIR JAMES Y. SIMPSON,

405 Robert Browning, John BRIGHT, .

413 Robert Buchanan, The Orator,

414 John Hill Burton, LL.D., Mr R. H. Hutton on,.

414 Captain Richard F. Burton, At One Ash,

417 Elihu Burritt, CHARLES DICKENS. By David Pryde,

Henry J. Byron, M.A., LL.D.,

419

Mrs Chisholm,

Richard Cobden, Rev. NORMAN MACLEOD, D.D.,

430

Eliza Cook, HENRY WARD BEECHER. By D. Macrae, 445

George Cruikshank, THE BARONESS BURDETT-COUTTS,

450 Earl of Derby, . Thomas EDWARD, the Banff Naturalist, 456 Michael Faraday, David LIVINGSTONE,

467 Canon Farrar, Commander Cameron's Walk across

Captain Archibald Forbes,
Africa,

476 W. E. Forster, Henry M. Stanley,

476

J. A. Froude,

Sir John Gilbert, CHARLES KINGSLEY, .

479 Max Müller on Charles Kingsley, 488

Rev. G. Gilfillan,

J. B. Gough, John RUSKIN,

499

W. Hazlitt, Disposal of Mr Ruskin's Fortune, 492

J. G. Holland, The Art Work of Mr Ruskin,

493

Lord Houghton, At the Royal Institute,

493

T. H. Huxley, An Example of Broad Culture,

493

Jean Ingelow, Mr Ruskin on his Contemporaries, 494

W. S. Landor, GEORGE Eliot, .

495 George Henry Lewes, Professor Dowden on,

496 J. R. Lowell, R. H. Hutton on,

497 George MacDonald, A. C. Swinburne on, .

497 John Stuart Mill, CHARLES HADDON SPURGEON,

498 Robert Moffat, A Morning in the Tabernacle,

505 William Morris, An Evening in the Tabernacle, 505 Dinah Maria Mulock,

Florence Nightingale, AN ADDITIONAL GROUP OF MODERN MEN Mrs Margaret Oliphant, AND WOMEN.

Lord Palmerston, Matthew Arnold,

507 | Bryan Waller Procter, Philip James Bailey,

507 F. W. Robertson, Sir Samuel White Baker,

507 Sir Titus Salt, William Black, .

508 Earl of Shaftesbury, . John Stuart Blackie,.

508 Samuel Smiles, LL.D., Mary Elizabeth Braddon, .

610 Dean Stanley, Charlotte Brontë,

511 | A. C. Swinburne, Henry, Lord Brougham,

511 T. De Witt Talmage, John Brown, M.D., .

512 Professor Tyndall,

PAGB 512 512 513 513 513 514 514 515 515 515 517 517 517 517 518 518 518 519 520 521 522 523 523 523 523 524 526 526 527 528 529 529 529 530 530 531 532 536 538 540 540 541 542 542

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THE

TREASURY OF MODERN BIOGRAPHY. .

JEREMY BENTHAM.

[1748-1832.]

BY WILLIAM HAZLITT.

(JEREMY BENTHAM, the great political philo- I on the other side of the globe. His name is little sopher, was born at London in 1748, educated | known in England, better in Europe, best of all in at Westminster and Oxford; he graduated M. A. the plains of Chili and the mines of Mexico. He at the early age of twenty, and was afterwards has offered constitutions for the New World and called to the bar. He travelled much on the legislated for future times. The people of Westcontinent of Europe, visiting Constantinople, minster, where he lives, hardly know of such a and returning to France several times. In 1802 person; but the Siberian savage has received he was received at the Institute of Paris, and cold comfort from his lunar aspect, and may say in 1825 he was made the subject of considerable to him with Caliban, “I know thee, and thy honour. In philosophy he is recognised as the dog and thy bush !" The tawny Indian may great teacher of “Utilitarianism,” while he also hold out the hand of fellowship to him across endeavoured to correct the faults prevalent in the the Great Pacific. We believe that the Empress system and language of jurisprudence. Some of Catherine corresponded with him, and we know his most important works are the “ Fragment that the Emperor Alexander called upon him on Government,” “Introduction to the Prin- and presented him with his miniature in a gold ciples of Morals and Legislation," “ Treatise on snuff-box, which the philosopher, to his eternal Civil and Penal Legislation,” “Theory of Re- honour, returned. Mr Hobhouse is a greater wards and Punishments," " Rationale of Judi- man at the hustings, Lord Rolle at Plymouth cial Evidence," etc. He died in London, 1832. dock; but Mr Bentham would carry it hollow, The following realistic sketch of the philosopher on the score of popularity, at Paris or Pegu. is from Hazlitt's “Spirit of the Age, or Con. The reason is, that our author's influence is temporary Portraits," London, 1825. Accord- | intellectual. He has devoted his life to the pur. ing to Mr John Stuart Mill, “Bentham has suit of abstract and general truths, and to those been in this age and country the great questioner studies of things established. It is by the influence of

“That waft a thought from Indus to the Pole," the modes of thought with which his writings inoculated a considerable number of thinking and has never mixed himself up with personal men, that the yoke of authority has been broken, intrigues or party politics. He once, indeed, and innumerable opinions formerly received on stuck up a hand-bill to say that he (Jeremy tradition as incontestable, are put upon their Bentham), being of sound mind, was of opinion defence, and required to give an account of that Sir Samuel Romilly was the most proper themselves.” According to William Minto, he person to represent Westminster; but this was is the most influential and original philosopher the whim of the moment. Otherwise, his rea. of this generation.”]

sonings, if true at all, are true everywhere

alike: his speculations concern humanity at Mr Bentham is one of those persons who verify large, and are not confined to the hundred or the the old adage, that “A prophet has no honour bills of mortality. It is in moral as in physical except out of his country." His reputation lies magnitude. The little is seen best near: the at the circumference, and the lights of his un- great appears in its proper dimensions only derstanding are reflected with increasing lustre from a more commanding point of view, and

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