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quickly, for the present is the critical time. ident at a glance, has been split from trunks For as yet, the real difficulty is not any very of respectable size; and is it not equally serious inroad upon the forest as a whole, patent that the very varieties which are most seeing that above one-third of the total area sought for fuel, also produce the best timof the province is still richly wooded ; but ber? In a land where coal is so cheap and only the denudation of those districts which 'so good, this is a condition of things which are well provided with easy facilities for is simply intolerable. communication. But when we reflect that More than any other single particular, this breathing-spell will be utilized—indeed, the new rage for “extract of hemlock-bark" to some extent has been—in improving or needs regulating. This species of fir is creating, the means of transportation to and most ignorantly and mischievously set down from those remoter sections which, for lack in the popular mind as worthless. “Hemof them yet remain practically untouched ; lock is no good," is the universal persuasion, the question assumes a grave aspect at once -“ it is a mere cumberer of the ground, -a seriousness which, after all, is perhaps it is an unlooked-for good fortune that even latent in this vague popular uneasiness on the bark is fit for something;” and to it they our topic. This feeling is, in that case, go, felling right and left, taking only the bark assuredly germane to that instinctive sense and leaving the timber to rot! It is not of the coming event always distinguishable even utilized for fuel, to any noteworthy examong the masses on the eve of all broad tent. This precious economy the writer has and radical changes, be they commercial, but once seen paralleled. In certain dissocial, or political.
tricts of the largest of the Phillipine Islands For then the war of extermination will be where wild cattle are abundant, the natives renewed and waged with redoubled vigour. slaughter the “cariboo" for the hides onlyIt is only the outworks that are now levelled ; I leaving the beef to perish. It is not advisbut in this finishing campaign our dendro- able to place any restrictions upon the supkopti will attack the citadel. Then we shall ply of hemlock-bark indeed; but something enter upon a period of “unprecedented ac- should be done that would lead to a utiliza
| We shall treble our tonnage, quad-' tion of the wood. What increases the abruple our lumber exports, quintuple our ' surdity, is the fact that ever since 1863, manufacture of “essence ” of hemlock-bark : British Lloyds', proverbially cautious in con-and then, collapse ! Nor is the time proba- ceding the merits of British North American bly so remote that many can enjoy the sel- material, as that society has ever been—has fish consolation of saying “ After us the del- ' been extending a “character,'—'A 1,' for uge. Some good measures looking to an four years, to ships built of this much deimmediate establishment of forest conser- spised wood. And the Cape Colonies, (to vance ought to be adopted forthwith. which Nature has denied forests, and even The condition of Nova Scotia, as des- trees of respectable size, and durability cribed, is also, in posse, that of her sister when wrought,-their sparse clusters of wit provinces.
teboom and spekeboom attaining an average There is the question of wood fuel. Un- growth of less than thirty feet, yielding 3
. | der the most economic management it de- timber almost valueless from its softness stroys fine young trees which should be al- and inability to retain “ fastening, ") posilowed to grow into heavy timber ; here, tively suffer from the want of just such lumhowever, it destroys the latter as well. Who ber-at once cheap and highly durable-25 does not see everywhere, and every day, the wasted hemlock logs might be sawed piles of cord-wood, much of which, it is ev- into ; and for which they would
their fine wool, skins, pure wines, raisins, and railroads have gone through the land, devasother dried fruits, etc., etc.
tating the timber right and left in the vicinThe question of questions, however, is age of the track. There was no more rethat of railways. Perhaps all other agencies gard to the future, than if there was no fucombined do not more rapidly dissipate the ture. The proprietors of the intersected forest resources of a nation than they do. lands were lamentably deficient in the inl'ntil railways were introduced into India, telligence needed for the proper appreciaall other demands upon her forests were tion and care for this species of property. borne unconsciously.
Yet these included Hitherto it had been looked upon as an enat once the domestic supply of her dense, cumbrance-no second railway, it was arpopulation, ship-building upon a large scale gued, could ever be constructed near that and steady, heavy exportation. That was already in hand ; consequently the most was in 1854. Railway extension, held in check to be made of an opportunity never to be by the mutiny, did not begin until 1861; repeated. No regular Department of Woods and in '62 we saw the government partially and Forests existing, the timber question was awake to the necessity of establishing a con- the concern of nobody in particular, and the servation.
Prompt measures then would owners themselves would undoubtedly have have obviated the necessity of stringent looked upon any effort to rescue their own and unpopular enactments in '65, and sub- property from their own destroying axes, as sequently; and, it may be, by this time, an interference of the most unwarrantable have removed the difficulty.
kind. Down went the trees, all “ along the In Nova Scotia, where coal is so abundant whole line”—wherever they stood most conand accessible, the locomotives still con- venient—wherever they stood in the
of sume much wood. How, then, will it be others more particularly wanted—in any and along the more extended lines of Canadian every stage of growth-at seasons when railway? Judging from the rate of move- felling is equivalent to extirpation, or otherment of the Intercolonial, it will probably wise, as occasion might decide, and with no be some time before that, and others pro- regard whatever to the chances of renewal. jected, reach their maximum of consump. It is certainly sufficiently perceptible that if tion of fuel ; but whenever they do, the this stolid and unthinking recklessness prequestion of what proportion of it must be vails a few years longer, we shall be unable of wood, will become vitally important to build either ships, railroads, or dwellings particularly when we keep in mind that the without deriving every splinter of material experience of American roads proves that from foreign sources. On the other hand, an average of about thirty-five acres of it is equally obvious, that, with the needful woodland are necessary to supply one mile care, there will be abundance for all, as long of railway. Besides, fuel is not the only as an abundance will be required. feature of the question. The mode of sup- To attempt to show how forest conservaplying the needful timber is, if possible, tion should be established, would carry this more absurd and thriftless than in the cases paper far beyond its limits. But it may not slready specified. The people who under- , be amiss to summarize the principal difficultake this work observe but one rule of con- ties with which such legislation must grapduct: namely--to deliver at as little ex- ple : Lense as possible, the beams, sleepers, ist.— The proprietors of the woodlands, bridge-stringers, or other material engaged (as a class,) have no adequate conception of for, in order to clear the widest practicable the prospective value of this species of propmargin of present profit. Consequently our Serty: nor the wish to take care of it. 2nd. —
All the broad tracts that have been stripped wasteful devastators upon the public lands, (referring only to those not intended for fuel, etc., etc. 5th.— Influence of railways. tillage, which are the great majority,) are There are also certain reforms in ship-buildleft without any effort to encourage a sec- ing, which—if carried out would lessen maond growth. 3rd.—There is a general use of terially the demand of that branch of ininsufficiently seasoned materials—especially dustry. The class of vessels known as in house building. In an extreme climate “composite” could be most advantageously like ours, we may remark, this is a particu- substituted for the present wooden product larly mischievous practice, since such stuff of our ship-yards—in every respect being does not last half the time it should, and, cheaper, considered with reference to their therefore calls for correspondingly frequent superior classification, as well as better, and renewal. Perhaps, the exportation of green, forming the natural and easy stage of transi and partly-seasoned timber, and deals might tion to the production of iron tonnage. be worth some consideration also ; though Such a substitution would at once cut down possibly this objection is in a large measure the shipwrights' demand on our rapidly dineutralized by the more careful management minishing woodlands, by at least four-sevand economization of the consumers. 4th.— enths. Fires, free axes, and the incursions of our
No lark shall spring, on dewy wing,
Thy matin hymn to pour :
For thou art Queen no more.
Beneath thy flower-encircled wand
No peasant trains advance ;
The merry, merry dance.
The violet blooms with modest grace
Beneath her crest of leaves ;
Her wreaths, the woodbine weaves.
The cowslip bends her golden head,
And daisies deck the lea :
The Queen of May we'll see.
Weep, weep, then virgin Queen of May,
Thy ancient reign is o'er :
And thou art Queen no more.
MY TIGER-CLAW BRACELET.
BY W. H. F.
HEN John and I were married- of a speech when she presented them, and
course we had a quite a number really made me feel as if I had received a of presents from our various friends, and silver tea-service at the very least; while equally, of course, those of the least value dear old Mr. Harty sent a lovely little were made the most fuss about.
epergne, with just a few lines of congratulaOld Mrs. Stingyton, for instance, who gave tion. us a set of doyleys, which she said she had But of all our presents that which Uncle knitted herself; although I am quite sure she Robert sent was by far the most beautiful. bought them at some cheap sale ; made quite | It was a bracelet made of tiger claws,
polished till they looked like clear amber, have made up your mind to that—the best and joined together by such tiny delicate thing I can do, for the sake of my own peace gold chains, which looked more like cob- and quietness, is to tell you at once."—And webs than goldsmiths' work, and could only this is what he told me:have been produced by the supple fingers of an eastern jeweller.
Some eight or nine years ago I joined a Uncle Robert has lived many years in large sporting party in the North-West ProIndia, and has made heaps of money; but vinces of India. Our principal object was, he isn't a bit like the old Indian one reads of course, “big game,” by which an Indian about in novels. They are always yellow sportsman understands tigers, elephants, and and cross, and seem to live upon nothing such like; but we were not at all particular but curry and hot pickles, and have a native and shot anything that came in our way with servant whom they ill-treat dreadfully; but laudable impartiality. Uncle is quite rosy and stout, and has such We had made a pretty fair bag of small a hearty jolly laugh, and says he would rather game, but had been singularly unfortunate be waited upon by our little table-maid, Jessy, as regards the larger animals, and although than by all the kitmaghars in the East In- we had news of several tigers in the neighdies. Indeed I confess that Jessy is very bourhood we had not succeeded in even brisk and attentive at table ; although I must getting a shot at one. We were encamped say she is much too pretty for a servant, and on the skirts of the jungle, at the foot of the rather too fond of ribands, and I think I lower range of the Himalayas ; having reshould rather have a plainer table-maid ; ceived information that a famous man-eating but then the plain ones are generally cross tiger had carried off several villagers during and disobliging; and, indeed, to tell the the past week, and had been tracked to his truth, Uncle Robert has so often compli- lair not far from where we had pitched our mented me on being above the weakness of tents. Our shikarees, or native hunters, had most young wives, who, he says, always pick started off to procure exact information as out ugly servants, that I am rather afraid to to the whereabouts of the animal, and we change.
were awaiting their return before proceeding John, who is looking over my shoulder, to surround him. says I am getting “discursive,” as most I was sitting under the verandah of my ladies do who attempt to tell a story—but tent smoking a last cheroot, and listening to that is all nonsense--and I am sure it is ne- the subdued chatter and laughter of our nacessary to have the full particulars in order tive servants, as they squatted round their to understand a thing properly. Well, as I fire some little distance off, and passed their was saying, Uncle Robert's bracelet was as hubble-bubbles—as their rude pipes are called lovely a thing as ever was seen, and as I - from hand to hand. The moon was at knew that he had been a great sportsman in her full-shining as she only shines in the the East, of course I was very anxious to tropics—and pouring down a flood of radi learn all about his fight with the tiger to ance by which I could with ease have read whom the claws originally belonged; so I the smallest print of a newspaper. The said to him one evening after dinner: “Now, croak of the frogs and the chirp of the innu Uncle, it will give additional value to your merable crickets was incessant, while from lovely bracelet if you will tell me the full | the distant jungle came at intervals the long particulars of how you killed the tiger-in unearthly howl of the jackal. fact I am determined to know all about it." I was just about retiring for the night “Well, my dear," replied Uncle, "if you when I observed the tall figure of a man