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ourselves often obliged to buy inferior arti- side. Congress charges our wheat twenty cles, at nearly double the prices they are cents, our barley fifteen cents, and our oats fairly worth, in the markets of the world. ten cents a bushel duty. We admit these This would inflict a great loss on our po- | articles free. One Session, a nominal duty pulation, and one for which they would was put on the small grains and coal of the obtain no surt of equivalent. The treaty United States—not discriminatingly-by our
— or compact establishing a Zollverein would Ottawa legislators; but so strong was the necessarily have some definite limit, in feeling of the country against the impolicy point of time, or be liable to be terminated of the Act, that the House of Commons by notice after a stated number of years. insisted on its removal, at the very moment In the meantime, Canada would have accom- when the Joint High Commissioners were modated itself to the artificial state of things engaged in negotiating the Treaty of Washthat would have been brought about ; and ington. Congress is far from being opposed she would lie helpless at the mercy of the to the general principle of admitting raw more powerful contracting party : in no products free of duty. At this moment, position to make such terms as her inter- the free list of the American tariff embraces ests would dictate.
over two hundred and thirty articles. From But why should Canada agree to a tariff this list, the raw products of Canada are, with so unjustly discriminating? Why should one or two exceptions, rigidly excluded. Such we specially direct such discrimination legislation is liable to the suspicion of being against a country to which, ties of affection studiously discriminating against a particular apart, we owe far more than to any other country. But the weight of the restriction If Canada, in the fulness of time, should falls as much on their own people as on accept a complete independence, we feel ours. sure it will not find a declaration in a host- “We exchange with them," (Canadians) ile tariff. We are obliged to touch on says Mr. Larned, “almost equal quantities this question, because this is what the Zoll- of the cereals, and almost equal quantities, verein proposal asks us to do. There may
on an average, of flour. Except so far as be individuals, like Mr. Young, ready to concerns the barley that we buy from them, accept these conditions at all hazards; but and the Indian corn that we sell to them,
y count as nothing in the general run of this trade originates on neither side in any national feelings and national opinion. This necessity, but is chiefly a matter of simple is admitted, in the report of the executive convenience, of economy in carriage, or of council of the Dominion Board of Trade, diversification in the qualities of grain. submitted to the Board at Ottawa, on Jan- Similarly, and for the like reason, we exuary 17, in which they, referring to the reso change with them almost equal quantities of lutions passed at St. Louis, say: "your coal.” delegates, however desirous of seeing the Such being the state of this trade, it is a old Reciprocity Treaty in force, were not wonder that it does not occur to Congress willing to admit the possibility of carrying that the United States carries on the trade out a free trade policy between the United at a great disadvantage; that American citiStates and the Dominion, in manufactures, zens enter on the race with the unequal under the present high tariff of the former." weight of burthensome duties. The remedy
Whatever there is of commercial belliger- is a very simple one: it is to be found in the ency, as Mr. Larned expresses it, between example of Canada, which makes this trade the countries, owes its origin to political free, on her side. The extent to which the feeling; and the belligerency is all on one discrimination of the American tariff is carried
in favour of raw produce, when it is not such own policy: one to which we have adhered as Canada produces, may be illustrated by for twenty years, and from which we now a single article, though it is one which has have no reason to depart. We levy duties undergone a certain process of manufacture, for revenue, and for no other purpose; but which occasionally enters into other while the high and sometimes prohibitive manufactures. Carbolic acid, when used tariff of the United States has not alone for chemical and manufacturing purposes, that object in view. is admitted free of duty; when it is used Canada desires to establish a closer comas a medicine to combat disease, it is sub-mercial connection with the United States; ject to a duty of ten per cent.; and when it but desirable as is that object, she cannot is used as a disinfectant to stay the approach pursue it at the expense of all other of disease, it pays a duty of twenty per countries. A demand for a commercial
This is the sliding scale of discrimin- and financial connection, in the shape of a ation in favour of manufactures, and against Zollverein, involves more than can be surone of the best guarantees of human exist- rendered to any prospect of trading advanence. We are not enquiring whether it be tages. In spite of appearances which seem more important that a nation should man- to negative any immediate hope of putting ufacture certain articles than preserve the the commerce of the two countries on a lives of its people from the ravages of dis- better footing, there are no sufficient reasons ease, but whether Congress does not contra- for despairing that the time is not far disvene its own general policy in the heavy du- tant when something may be done in this ties it levies on the raw products of Canada. direction. Since the Treaty of Washington
We find in that general policy a sufficient was concluded, evidences of a better feeling answer to the assumption that Canada have been apparent. The recent Conferought to admit American manufactures duty ence at St. Louis contrasted, in this respect, free, on condition that Congress will restore favourably with the Detroit Convention, held our raw products to the free list, on which during the American civil war. When it they found a place during the existence of comes to be thoroughly understood, by the Reciprocity Treaty. In making this all parties in the Republic, that politics proposal, Americans ask us to do precisely and commerce must be kept entirely disthe contrary of what they do themselves. tinct, there will be a better prospect of imThat alone would not be any sufficient rea- proved commercial relations than at present .son against compliance; but amid all their exists. Against the proposed International economical errors, the practice of the United Commission there is nothing to be said : it States is, on this point, and where Canada may result in good, and can do no possible is not interested, mainly correct. It is our harm.
ONE WOMAN'S VALENTINE.
BY L. M.
WOULD not have you love me, because you think me fair
The fairest one in all the world, I cannot hope to be ;
To see her brighter beauty claim the love once vowed to me?
Say not you love, because I'm good, or I must dread your changing,
For one of greater worth may come and drive me from your breast; If 'tis goodness wins your heart, you may find excuse for ranging ;
Loving good till better comes, and still seeking for the best.
And love me not because I'm wise, or witty, grave, or gay,
Or for any other gift or grace that is not me, though mine;
Your love would follow, seeking it where'er it seemed to shine.
But love me for myself, spite of faults and contradictions,
The good and ill, and dark and bright, around my nature twined;
Never call my face the fairest, only let it be the dearest,
Never praise me more than others, but love me best of all; Not the first in worth or beauty, but to your heart the nearest,
Placed on no fantastic height, from whence to dread a sudden fall.
Say, "I know she is no goddess, and no angel, but a woman,
In whom blemishes and beauties are inextricably blended ;
They're so closely interwoven, naught can part them till all's ended.
The proudest name on earth could not steal her heart from me,
Could unlock the subtle wards of mine-she only has the key. “One day she stole within and softly took possession,
Every fibre folded round her, and held her close and fast,
And love and truth, her only spells, shall keep it to the last.”
Through clouds, and winds, and waves, its constant light will shine, And I need not fear that heart will ever fail or falter, Which its own strong truth makes steadfast, more than any worth of mine.
may vary every day, if it seeks a better reason For lasting than the faith noble hearts keep true and pure, But the majesty of love guards from any stain of treason
Him who in the words “ I love,” gives a pledge that must endure !
A NIGHT OF TERROR IN THE BACKWOODS OF CANADA :
A TRUE STORY: By Mrs. M. E. MUCHALL.
AM growing old, my readers, and my stored the silver plate, which he one day
hair once so dark and glossy is thickly caught sight of when she was cleaning it. lined with silver threads. My eyes, once It was her opinion that he was a desperate bright and sparkling, are growing somewhat character, and that he was an escaped condim ; and my children and grandchildren vict. For my own part I always felt an in
I often tell me that my memory is failing fast. stinctive dread of the bold stare he never It may be so, but, although I cannot always i failed to bestow on me, if by any chance I recall trifling events from one day to anoth- entered the kitchen while he was in it, which er, I can remember as perfectly as if it had I did as seldom as possible if I knew he only occurred yesterday-a night of terror was there. that I once spent in the backwoods of Once he sent a message to the effect that Canada. It was in the year that we settled | he was ill and would like me to go over and in our little log house, in the township of read to him. Feeling sorry for his suffering 1- Ours was the only clearing for over ' I immediately made a little custard for his a mile on either side, and the road to my dinner, and was just crossing the garden on brother's was merely a blazed path through my way to the shanty, which stood at the a thick pine forest. Soon after we came, my foot of it, when I met Isabella, who had husband let the clearing of a fallow to a been out carrying a lunch to my husband family-Burke by name. The family con- ; I mentioned to her my errand. No sooner sisted of seven brothers ; a wild, fierce did she hear it than she said, looking set of men they were, with the ex
" Wait till the master comes in, Mem, or ception of the two youngest-Mike and I let me take the custard over myself.” John. Ulick, who was the oldest of the But, Isabella, the poor man wishes me lot, was a remarkable looking man, with to read to him. He sent word by Mike just the sort of face I have seen in pictures that he was all alone ; the men are busy in of Italian brigands. His features, strictly the fallow." speaking, were handsome, but his expression “ All the more reason for you to stay at was villanous. He was an awful tyrant to home, Mem. I know that man better his brothers, that is, to all but the one next than you do ; the chances are that he is not in age to himself.
On Pat he lavished all sick at all ; 'tis only an excuse to get you the fierce love of his nature, and a word over there just to frighten you, for he knows from him would have the effect of calming right well that you dislike him ; and I can down Ulick's wildest gusts of passion which, see by the way he looks at you that he on the slighest provocation, broke out and hates you for it, and would like dearly to vented themselves on anything or anybody play some trick on you." that came in his way.
Of course I gave up all idea of going Often when he came over of an evening after hearing this, and from that hour my to sit with Isabella, my servant, with whom dread of Ulick Burke increased greatly. I he was no favourite, would he question her looked forward anxio usly to the time when about our affairs ; whether we kept much our fallow would be chopped, and the shanty ready money in the house, and where we rid of its rough inmates.
It was in the early part of the month of the kitchen. Isabella was sitting with her February that business of importance ob- back towards me, and before she caught liged my husband to take a journey to sight of my ghastly face the door opened, C-a town, some miles from home, and and in walked Ulick. He closed the door in those days it was a journey which involv- carefully behind him, and stepping up died both fatigue and delay. In the house rectly in front of me fixed his dark gleamwe had no man-servant, not even a boy, so ing eyes upon my face with a leering exthat Isabella was my only protection in my pression of triumph that sent every drop of lonely dwelling in the wilderness. My blood up to my heart. I could not articubrother's house, as I before mentioned, was late a single word ; a deadly fear crept over over a mile away, and John's departure was me more than once. I tried to speak but so sudden that we had no time to let him the words died away on my lips. know about it.
“What brings you here so late, Ulick ? All day long after I parted with my dear The fire is out in the shanty, I reckon, and
I husband I felt oppressed with a vague sense you are wanting a coal to kindle it,” said of coming danger, which rather increased Isabella, coolly. than diminished as night closed in. Often “ The fire is not out,” he replied, slowly, through the day I cast a longing look at the without removing his eyes from my face, dark pine woods which belted us in like a but I knew the master went away this morngreat black wall, and felt sorry that I had ing, so I just stepped in to sit a while with not ventured through them to my brother's, your mistress and you. 'Tis a lonesome as I knew how gladly he would have wel- thing for two helpless women to be by themcomed me. Never had the wind sounded selves in the bush, let me tell you.” As he so mournfully in my ears as it did on that ceased speaking he drew a chair to the fire February evening, as it moaned and sighed and sat down. through the tall pine trees,or blew in fitfuland Isabella sat behind him so that I could angry gusts across our clearing. Ulick and see her face, while he could not. She some of the other brothers had that day gone answered my imploring look by making down to P— to purchase supplies of pork, signs to me, not to show so plainly how whiskey and tobacco. It was about nine terrified I really was. Then turning round o'clock when the harsh voices of the men she said, shouting to their tired oxen broke upon my “ The mistress and myself are obliged to ear, and as they drove into the yard loud you, Ulick, but did not you know we expect words and horrid oaths showed only too the master every minute ? I thought it was plainly that they were by no means sober. himself when you opened the door.” After a time, however, I heard nothing He laughed a low, scornful, mocking laugh more, and hoping that they had gone quiet- and again fixed his eyes on me as he saidly to bed for the night I was just rising to “You may spare your looks then, for he tell Isabella that I wanted her to sleep in started about noon for C- It'll be the little room next to my own, when raising some time before you see him again ; permy eyes towards the window I caught sight haps never." of a face pressed close against it, which, even "Sure," she answered, quickly “ did he in my terror, I recognized as Ulick Burke's. not leave them papers that he Fortunately I had sufficient command over going about behind him, and the Missis myself not to scream, though my knees told me herself that he could do noknocked together with fright. I rose up at thing without them, so we would see once and staggered rather than walked into him back this very night for them. It