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the Poles, the Slovaks, the South Italians, the Ruthenians, and the Lithuanians who were under 14 at the time of coming show between 66.7 per cent and 96.9 per cent who can read, the same proportions being able both to read and write. The Magyars and the Syrians who were under 14 at the time of coming show 100 per cent who can read and who can both read and write. The Syrians, the Hebrews, the Poles, the Magyars, the Slovaks, the Ruthenians, the South Italians, and the Lithuanians show from 49.7 per cent to 93.1 per cent of persons who were 14 years of age or over at the time of coming to this country who can read. Each of the races mentioned, except the South Italian, shows a somewhat smaller per cent who can both read and write than that shown for those who can read. The South Italians exhibit the same percentage who can read and who can both read and write.

CONJUGAL CONDITION.

The following table shows, by sex, age groups, and by general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of persons in the households studied in each conjugal condition.

TABLE 358.-Per cent of persons in each conjugal condition, by sex, age groups, and by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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TABLE 358.-Per cent of persons in each conjugal condition, by sex, age groups, and by general nativity and race of individual-Continued.

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It appears from the data presented in the above table that, of the persons from 20 to 29 years of age for whom data were secured, 45.3 per cent of the males and 82 per cent of the females are married and only 0.4 per cent of the males and 0.5 per cent of the females are widowed. The proportion of married persons, both males and females, is considerably larger for the foreign-born than for the native-born of foreign father. Of the foreign-born females, all of the Slovenians and over 90 per cent of the Poles and Hebrews are married. The Slovenians, Magyars, and Ruthenians, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Syrians and Lithuanians the smallest proportion of married males.

The proportion of persons from 30 to 44 years of age who are married is 88.8 per cent for the males and 93.6 per cent for the females. Of the females, 3 per cent as compared with 0.8 per cent of the males

are widowed. All of the Syrian, Slovenian, Polish, and Hebrew females are married. With this exception, the Magyars have the largest and the Ruthenians the smallest proportion of married females. Of the foreign-born males, all the Hebrews and a larger proportion of the Slovenians, Scotch, Ruthenians, and Magyars than of the Poles, Syrians, and Lithuanians are married.

Of the persons 45 years of age or over for whom information was secured, 91.7 per cent of the males and 72 per cent of the females are married and 6.6 per cent of the males and 25.3 per cent of the females are widowed.

The proportion of all persons 20 years of age or over who are married is 69.6 per cent for the males and 85.2 per cent for the females, while the proportion of all persons 20 years of age or over who are widowed is 1.3 per cent for the males and 4 per cent for the females. In the case of both the males and the females, a considerably larger proportion of the foreign-born than of the native-born of foreign father are married. Of the foreign-born, the Slovenians, Scotch, Magyars, and Hebrews have the largest and the Lithuanians the smallest proportion of married males. All of the Slovenian females are married. With this exception, the Poles, Hebrews, and Magyars, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Scotch the smallest proportion of married females. The proportion of widowed females is largest for the Syrians, Magyars, and Ruthenians, in the order mentioned.

AGE CLASSIFICATION OF THE HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

In the following table the percentage of persons in the households studied within each age group is shown by sex, and by general nativity and race of head of household:

TABLE 359.-Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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TABLE 359.-Per cent of persons within each age group, by sex and general nativity and race of head of household-Continued.

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It appears from the data presented in the above table that, of the males for whom information was secured, 19.1 per cent are under 6 years of age, 13.6 per cent are from 6 to 13 years of age, 2.3 per cent are 14 and 15 years of age, 7.1 per cent are from 16 to 19 years of age, 26 per cent are from 20 to 29 years of age, 25.5 per cent are from 30 to 44 years of age, and 6.4 per cent are 45 or over. The proportion of males under 6, from 6 to 13, and 14 and 15 is larger for the nativeborn of foreign father than for the foreign-born, while the proportion of males from 16 to 19, from 20 to 29, from 30 to 44, and 45 or over is larger for the foreign-born than for the native-born of foreign father. Of the foreign-born, the Poles, Slovenians, Ruthenians, and Slovaks, in the order mentioned, have the largest, and the Syrians the smallest, proportion of males under 6 years of age, and the Hebrews, Slovenians, and Slovaks, in the order mentioned, have the largest, and the Syrians the smallest, proportion of males from 6 to

13 years of age. The proportion of males from 20 to 29 years of age is largest for the Lithuanians, Syrians, Magyars, and Ruthenians, in the order mentioned; the proportion of males from 30 to 44 years of age is largest for the Syrians, Magyars, Slovenians, Bohemians, and Moravians and Poles, in the order mentioned; and the proportion of males 45 years of age or over is largest for the Scotch and Bohemians and Moravians and smallest for the Lithuanians, Magyars, and Poles. Of the females for whom information was secured, 22.9 per cent are under 6 years of age, 17.3 per cent are from 6 to 13, 2.3 per cent are 14 and 15, 8.7 per cent are from 16 to 19, 25.7 per cent are from 20 to 29, 18.1 per cent are from 30 to 44, and 5.1 per cent are 45 or over. The proportion of females under 6 years of age, from 20 to 29 years of age, and from 30 to 44 years of age is larger for the nativeborn of foreign father than for the foreign-born, while the proportion of females from 6 to 13 years of age, 14 and 15 years of age, from 16 to 19 years of age, and 45 years of age or over is larger for the foreignborn than for the native-born of foreign father. Of the foreign-born, the Bohemians and Moravians, Poles, Magyars, and Hebrews, in the order mentioned, have the largest proportion of females under 6 years of age, and the Irish, Scotch, and Syrians, in the order mentioned, have the largest, and the Lithuanians and Ruthenians the smallest, proportion of females 45 years of age or over. The proportion of females from 20 to 39 years of age is largest for the Bohemians and Moravians and Lithuanians, and smallest for the Slovaks and Hebrews, and the proportion of females from 30 to 44 years of age is largest for the Syrians, Irish, Scotch, Hebrews, and Slovenians, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the Bohemians and Moravians.

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