Lapas attēli
PDF
ePub

yars, and Scotch have the largest and those of which the heads are Syrians, Welsh, South Italians, and Armenians the smallest average number of persons per sleeping room. It will be noted that 78.2 per cent of all households have two or more persons, 28.7 per cent three or more persons, 7 per cent four or more persons, and only a very small proportion five or more persons per sleeping room. The proportion of households having two or more persons and three or more persons per sleeping room, respectively, is larger for the native-born of foreign father than for the foreign-born, while a somewhat larger proportion of the households of the foreign-born than of the households of the native-born of foreign father have four or more persons per sleeping room. Of the foreign-born, the Ruthenians, Magyars, Hebrews, and Poles have the largest and the Irish and Syrians the smallest proportion of households having two or more persons per sleeping room, and the Ruthenians, Slovenians, Slovaks, and Magyars have the largest and the Syrians and Scotch the smallest proportion of households having three or more persons per sleeping room. The proportion of households having four or more persons per sleeping room is largest for the Ruthenians, Poles, and Magyars, in the order mentioned.

The final table of the series, which is next presented, indicates the effect upon living arrangements of congestion within the households studied by showing, according to general nativity and race of head of household, the number and per cent of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms.

TABLE 354.-Number and per cent of households regularly sleeping in all except each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household.

[merged small][graphic][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][subsumed][merged small][merged small]

It appears from the preceding table that 9.7 per cent of the households in this locality for which information was secured use all rooms to sleep in; that 44.1 per cent use all rooms except one, and that 32.1 per cent use all rooms except two. A considerably larger proportion of the households of the native-born of foreign father than of the households of the foreign-born sleep in all rooms except two, and a much larger proportion of the households of the foreign-born than of the households of the native-born of foreign father sleep in all rooms except one. None of the households of the native-born of foreign father, as compared with 10.4 per cent of the households of the foreign-born, use all rooms to sleep in. Of the foreign-born, of the races for which the percentages have been computed, the Syrians and Slovenians have the largest proportion of households sleeping in all rooms; the Ruthenians, Syrians, Magyars, and Lithuanians, in the order mentioned, have the largest proportion of households sleeping in all rooms except one, and the Irish have by far the largest proportion of households using all rooms except two.

[ocr errors]

CHAPTER IV.

SALIENT CHARACTERISTICS.

Literacy-Conjugal condition-Age classification of the households studied-[Text Tables 355 to 359 and General Tables 267 to 271].

LITERACY.

The general literacy of persons in the households studied is set forth in the following table, which shows, by sex and general nativity and race of individual, the percentage of persons 10 years of age or over who read and the percentage who both read and write:

TABLE 355.—Per cent of persons 10 years of age or over who read and per cent who read and write, by sex and general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 40 or more persons reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][subsumed][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

It appears, from the data presented in the above table, that of the persons in this locality for whom information was secured, 85.2 per cent of the males and 80.2 per cent of the females can read, and 84 per cent of the males and 78.1 per cent of the females can both read and write. The proportion of males who read and read and write is largest for the native-born of foreign father, second largest for the native-born of native father, and smallest for the foreign-born,

while the proportion of females who read and read and write is largest for the native-born of native father, second largest for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the foreign-born. All of the native-born females of native father are able to read and to read and to write. Of the foreign-born, all of the Bohemians and Moravians, Irish, Scotch, and Slovenians, both males and females, can read and read and write. With these exceptions, the proportion of males who read and read and write is largest for the Hebrews, Syrians, and Poles, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the South Italians and Lithuanians, and the proportion of females whọ read and read and write is largest for the Syrians, Magyars, and Poles, in the order mentioned, and smallest for the Lithuanians and the Ruthenians.

The degree of literacy which prevails among persons of foreign birth after designated periods of residence in this country may be seen from the table next presented. This table shows, by years in the United States and race of individual, the percentage of foreignborn persons 10 years of age or over, in the households studied, who read and the percentage who both read and write.

TABLE 356.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who read and per cent who read and write, by years in the United States and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. This table includes only races with 40 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.]

[blocks in formation]

The above table shows that of 1,869 foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who reported complete data, 76.1 per cent of those who have been in the United States under five years, 75.7 per cent of those with a residence of from five to nine years, and 84.6 per cent of those who have been in this country ten years or over can read. Of persons who have been in the United States under five years 74.9 per cent can both read and write, of those with a residence of from five to nine years 72.5 per cent can read and write, and of those who have been in this country ten years or over 82.7 per cent can both read and write. The Bohemians and Moravians, the Scotch, and the Slovenians show 100 per cent of persons who can both read and

write in every period of residence. Of persons who have been in the United States under five years the Syrians show 93.9 per cent who can read, as contrasted with only 33.3 per cent of the Slovaks having this ability. Of foreign-born persons with a residence of from five to nine years the Syrians show 100 per cent and the Lithuanians only 44.3 per cent who can read. Of those with a residence of ten years or over the Magyars show 96.2 per cent and the South Italians only 40 per cent who can read. The Hebrews, the Lithuanians, the Magyars, the Poles, the Ruthenians, the Slovaks, and the Syrians show a smaller per cent in one or more of the corresponding periods of residence who can both read and write than the per cent shown in the same period for those who can read alone.

The literacy of the persons of foreign birth in the households studied, according to age at the time of arrival in this country, is set forth in the table next presented. This table shows, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual, the percentage of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who read and the percentage who both read and write.

TABLE 357.-Per cent of foreign-born persons 10 years of age or over who read and per cent who read and write, by age at time of coming to the United States and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 40 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign

born.]

[blocks in formation]

The above table shows that of 1,869 persons 10 years of age or over from whom information was secured 93.6 per cent who were under 14 years of age at the time of coming to the United States can read and 77.1 per cent of those who were 14 years of age or over at the time of coming can read. Of those who were under 14 years of age at time of coming to this country 93.6 per cent can read and write, and of those who were 14 years of age or over at the time of coming 74.9 per cent can read and write. The Bohemians and Moravians, the Irish, the Scotch, and the Slovenians show 100 per cent of persons who were under 14 and who were 14 years of age or over at the time of coming to this country who can read and write. The Hebrews,

48296-VOL 17-11-31

« iepriekšējāTurpināt »