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TABLE 329.-General occupation of males 16 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 20 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Of 1,224 males 16 years of age or over who reported their general occupation, 25.6 per cent are engaged in sugar refining, 20.8 per cent in the manufacture of carpets, 20.4 per cent in the manufacture of hats and caps, while 30.5 per cent are otherwise employed, 1.8 per cent are at home, and 0.1 per cent are at school. The foreign-born males show a considerably higher per cent than those who are native-born of foreign father who are engaged in sugar refining, while none of the nativeborn whites of native father are thus employed. The native males born of foreign father show the highest percentage who are engaged in the manufacture of carpets followed by the foreign-born males, while none of the native whites born of native father are reported in this industry. The latter, however, show a very high percentage who were engaged in the manufacture of hats and caps, the foreign-born and the native-born of foreign father following in the order mentioned in much smaller proportions. The males who are native-born of foreign father show a considerably higher percentage than either the foreign-born or the native whites born of native father, who are otherwise employed. The native whites born of native father show the highest percentage of males at home and at school, followed by the native males born of foreign father in considerably smaller proportions. The males of foreign birth show a very small proportion both at home and at school. The Poles report the greatest proportion who are engaged in sugar refining, which is 59.4 per cent, while none of the Bohemians and Moravians or Irish and Scotch report being in this industry. The Bohemians and Moravians and Scotch show the highest percentage, and the Hebrews and South Italians the lowest per

centage who are engaged in the manufacture of carpets. The Slovaks show the highest percentage and the Scotch the lowest percentage who are employed in the hat and cap industry, the South Italians show the highest percentage and the Slovaks the lowest who are otherwise employed, while the Magyars show the greatest proportion at home and the Scotch the greatest proportion at school.

GENERAL OCCUPATION OF WOMEN AT THE PRESENT TIME IN THE HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

Two tables exhibiting the present industrial condition of the immigrant households studied are next presented. The first table, which immediately follows, shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the general occupation of females 16 years of age or over in the households studied:

TABLE 330.-General occupation of females 16 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

【This table includes only races with 20 or more families reporting. The totals, however, are for all

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The above table shows of 843 females 16 years of age or over, 3.1 per cent are domestic servants, 20.3 per cent are engaged in the manufacture of carpets, 4.7 per cent are otherwise employed, 68.1 per cent are at home, and 3.8 per cent are at school. The foreign-born females show 3.3 per cent in domestic service as contrasted with 2.4 per cent of the females who are native-born of foreign father and none of the native whites born of native father who are thus employed. The females who are native-born of foreign father show by far the highest percentage who are engaged in the manufacture of carpets, followed by the foreign-born and the native whites born of native father in the order named. The native-born females of foreign father also show the highest percentage who are otherwise employed followed by the native whites born of native father and the foreign-born. The females who are native whites born of native father show the highest

percentage at home followed by the foreign-born and the native-born of foreign father, the foreign-born females exhibit the highest percentage at school followed by females who are native-born of foreign father and those who are native whites born of native father in the order mentioned. Of the foreign-born the Irish show the highest percentage of females who are domestic servants, the Ruthenians the highest percentage who are engaged in the manufacture of carpets, the South Italians the highest percentage who are otherwise employed, while the Poles show the highest percentage at home and the Syrians the highest percentage at school.

ANNUAL EARNINGS OF MALE HEADS OF FAMILIES STUDIED.

The extent to which the male heads of families studied were regularly employed, together with their average annual earnings, are set forth in the following table. The table shows, by general nativity and race, the proportion of husbands in the households studied who are at work.

TABLE 331.-Husbands at work, by general nativity and race of individual.

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The preceding table shows that out of 592 families which were studied, there are 574 husbands, 99 per cent of whom are at work, the average yearly earnings per husband being $568. Of the husbands who are native-born of foreign father 100 per cent are at work, whose average yearly earnings amount to $816; 98.9 per cent of the foreignborn husbands are at work whose average yearly earnings are $552, while the average yearly earnings of husbands who are native-born whites of native father is $673. The Hebrew, Lithuanian, Magyar,

48296°-VOL 17-11-29

Pole, Scotch, and Slovak husbands show 100 per cent at work, the Slovenian and Ruthenian husbands showing over 98 per cent of husbands at work. The Scotch husbands show the highest average yearly earnings, which is $981, the Irish husbands follow with $777, and the Polish with $618. The Hebrew, Bohemian, and Moravian, and Ruthenian husbands show average yearly earnings of between $513 and $557, husbands of the other specified races falling below $500, the Syrian husbands showing average yearly earnings of only $403.

The range in the annual earnings of male heads of families studied is shown in the following table by general nativity and race of individual.

TABLE 332.-Earnings per year of male heads of families, by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only male heads of selected families. For selection of families, see Vol. II, p. 6.]

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Of the male heads of families in this locality for whom information was secured 94.2 per cent earn under $1,000 per year, 86.4 per cent under $800 per year, 64.4 per cent under $600 per year, 21 per cent under $400 per year, and only a very small proportion under $200 per year. The proportion of heads of families earning under $400, under $600, under $800, and under $1,000 per year, respectively, is considerably larger for the foreign-born than for the native-born of foreign father. Of the foreign-born of the races for which the per

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centages have been computed the Slovaks, Slovenians, Poles, and Magyars, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Scotch the smallest proportion of heads of families earning under $400 per year, and the Lithuanians, Slovaks, Magyars, and Slovenians, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Scotch the smallest proportion of heads of families earning under $600 per year. All of the Lithuanians, over 95 per cent of the Magyars, Ruthenians, Slovaks, Slovenians, and Hebrews, and only 25 per cent of the Scotch earn under $800 per year, and all of the Lithuanians, Poles, Slovaks, and Slovenians, and over 97 per cent of the Ruthenians, Magyars, and Hebrews, as compared with 60 per cent of the Scotch, earn under $1,000 per year.

ANNUAL EARNINGS OF MALES 18 YEARS OF AGE OR OVER IN THE HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The table next presented shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the yearly earnings of males 18 years of age or over in the households studied.

TABLE 333.-Yearly earnings (approximate) of males 18 years of age or over, by general nativity and race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

General nativity and race of individual.

Number

working

Number earning—

Per cent earning

for wages Average

and re- earnings. Under Under Under Under Under Under Under Under $200. $400. $600. $1,000. $200. $400. $600. $1,000.

porting

amount.

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