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TABLE 301.-Average number of boarders or lodgers per household, by general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[Information relating to boarders or lodgers covers only immediate time of taking schedule and not the entire year. Boarders are persons who receive both board and lodging.]

Average number of boarders or lodgers per household.

Number of

General nativity and race of head of house- Total num- households Number of

hold.

ber of keeping households. boarders or lodgers.

boarders or
lodgers.

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In the households for which information was secured the average number of boarders or lodgers per household was 0.79, based on the total number of households, and 2.90, based on the number of households keeping boarders or lodgers. It will be noted that the average number of boarders or lodgers per household, based on the total number of households, is very much larger for the foreign-born than for the native-born of foreign father. Among the foreign-born the average number of boarders or lodgers per household, based on the total number of households, is much larger for the South Italians and Magyars than for any other race. The average number of boarders or lodgers per household, based on the total number of households keeping boarders or lodgers, is considerably larger for the Magyars than for the South Italians.

SIZE OF APARTMENTS OCCUPIED.

The range in size of apartments occupied is indicated in the following table, which shows, by general nativity and race of head of household, the per cent of households occupying apartments of each specified number of rooms.

TABLE 302.—Per cent of households occupying apartments of each specified number of rooms, by general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 20 or more households reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Of the households in this locality for which information was secured, only a very small proportion occupy apartments of less than three rooms, 8.6 per cent occupy apartments of three rooms, 14.6 per cent occupy apartments of four rooms, 16.4 per cent occupy apartments of five rooms, 33.9 per cent occupy apartments of six rooms, and 22.4 per cent occupy apartments of seven rooms or more. The proportion of households occupying apartments of four rooms is largest among the foreign-born, second largest among the native-born of native father, and smallest among those native-born of foreign father; the proportion of households occupying apartments of five rooms is largest among those native-born of native father, second in rank among the foreign-born, and smallest among the native-born of foreign father; the proportion of households occupying apartments of six rooms is largest among the native-born of foreign father, second largest among the native-born of native father, and smallest among the foreign-born; and the proportion of households occupying seven rooms or more is considerably larger among the native-born of native father and the native-born of foreign father than among the foreignborn.

Of the foreign-born, the South Italians, Slovaks, and Magyars, in the order mentioned, have the largest proportion of households occupying apartments of four rooms; the Magyars and South Italians have the largest proportions of households occupying apartments of five rooms; the Welsh, Swedes, and South Italians, in the order mentioned, have the largest proportion of households occupying apartments of six rooms; and the Swedes and Welsh, in the order mentioned, have the largest proportion of households occupying apartments of seven rooms or more.

SIZE OF HOUSEHOLDS.

The following table exhibits the range in the size of households studied by showing the percentage of households of each specified number of persons, by general nativity and race of head of household.

TABLE 303.-Per cent of households of each specified number of persons, by general nativity and race of head of household.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

[This table includes only races with 20 or more households reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Of the total number of households studied in the above table, the largest proportion, or 19.3 per cent, are households of five persons, the proportion of households of 4, 6, 7, and 3 persons following in the order named, and less than 10 per cent being households of each other specified number of persons. Of the households the heads of which are native-born of native father a larger proportion are of 2 or 4 persons than either the households the heads of which are nativeborn of foreign father or the households the heads of which are foreign-born, the households the heads of which are foreign-born showing the smallest proportion in the first instance and the households the heads of which are native-born of foreign father the smallest proportion in the second instance. Of the households of 3 and 5 persons, those the heads of which are native-born of foreign father show a larger proportion than those the heads of which are nativeborn of native father and those the heads of which are foreign-born show the smallest proportion. A larger proportion of the households the heads of which are foreign-born than of either the households the heads of which are native-born of foreign father or the households the heads of which are native-born of native father are households of each specified number of persons above 5, the households the heads of which are native-born of native father showing the smallest proportions in each instance. A greater degree of conges

tion exists in the households the heads of which are South Italian, Magyar, or Slovak than in the households the heads of which are Swedish or Welsh, over 10 per cent of the households the heads of which are of each of the three races first mentioned being households of 10 persons or more, as compared with none of the households the heads of which are Swedish and 6.1 per cent of the households the heads of which are Welsh, which are households of the same number of persons.

CONGESTION.

In the preceding tables the extent to which crowding prevails in the households studied in the community is indicated. The degree of congestion and its effects upon living arrangements is more directly set forth in the following series of tables.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race of head of household, the average number of persons per apartment, per room, and per sleeping room.

TABLE 304.-Average number of persons per apartment, per room, and per sleeping room, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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Among the households for which information was secured, the average number of persons per apartment is 5.83, the average number of persons per room is 1.06, and the average number of persons per sleeping room is 2.21. It will be noted that the average number of persons per apartment, per room, and per sleeping room is largest among the households of the foreign-born, second largest among the households of the native-born of foreign father, and smallest among the households of the native-born of native father. Of the households of the foreign-born, those of South Italian, Magyar, and Welsh heads, in the order mentioned, have the largest, and those of Lithu

anian and Polish heads the smallest average number of persons per apartment; those of South Italian, Magyar, and Slovak heads, in the order mentioned, have the largest, and those of Lithuanian and Swedish heads the smallest average number of persons per room; and those of Magyar, Slovak, and South Italian heads, in the order mentioned, have the largest, and those of Lithuanian and Ruthenian heads the smallest average number of persons per sleeping room. The table next presented shows persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household.

TABLE 305.-Persons per room, by general nativity and race of head of household.

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In the 384 households studied in this locality the average number of persons per room is 1.06. The average number in the households, the heads of which are foreign-born, is slightly above, while the average in the households, the heads of which are both native-born of foreign father and native whites born of native father, is considerably below the average shown in the total for all households. Among those households the heads of which are foreign-born, the South Italian, Magyar, and Slovak households each show an average number of persons per room considerably in excess of that shown for all households the heads of which are foreign-born, while of those households showing an average below that shown in the total, the proportions range from 0.95 for the Welsh to 0.70 for the Lithuanian households. None of the 384 households have four or more persons and only 1 per cent have three or more persons, while 60.7 and 10.7 per cent have one or more and two or more persons per room, respectively. The proportion of those households the heads of which are foreign-born having

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