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(10) It shall be unlawful knowingly to deliver or cause to be delivered, or tender for shipment to any vessel subject to this section any explosives or any other dangerous articles or substances defined in the regulations of the Commandant of the Coast Guard established hereunder under any false or deceptive descriptive name, marking, invoice, shipping paper, or other declaration and without informing the agent of such vessel in writing of the true character thereof at or before the time such delivery or transportation is made. It shall be unlawful for any person to tender for shipment, or ship on any vessel to which this section applies, any explosives or other dangerous articles or substances the transportation, carriage, conveyance, storage, stowage, or use of which on board vessels is prohibited by this section.

(11) The Commandant of the Coast Guard may exempt any vessel or class of vessels from any of the provisions of this section or any regulations or parts thereof established hereunder upon a finding by him that the vessel, route, area of operations, conditions of the voyage, or other circumstances are such as to render the application of this section or any of the regulations established hereunder unnecessary for the purposes of safety: Provided, That except in an emergency such exception shall be made for any vessel or class of vessels only after a public hearing.

(12) The provisions of this section and the regulations established hereunder shall be enforced primarily by the Coast Guard of the Department of the Treasury, which with the consent of the head of any executive department, independent establishment, or other agency

of the Government, may avail itself of the use of information, advice, services, facilities, officers, and employees thereof (including the field service) in carrying out the provisions of this section : Provided, That no officer or employee of the United States shall receive any additional compensation for such services, except as permitted by law.

(13) Any collector of customs may, upon his own knowledge, or upon the sworn information of any reputable citizen of the United States, that any vessel subject to this section is violating any of the provisions of this section or of the regulations established hereunder, by written order served on the master, person in charge of such vessel, or the owner or charterer thereof, or the agent of the owner or charterer, detain such vessel until such time as the provisions of this section and of the regulations established hereunder have been complied with. If the vessel be ordered detained, the master, person in charge, or owner or charterer, or the agent of the owner or charterer thereof, may within five days appeal to the Commandant of the Coast Guard, who may, after investigation, affirm, set aside, or modify the order of such collector. If any reputable citizen of the United States furnishes sworn information to any collector of customs that any vessel, subject to this section, is violating any of the provisions of this section or of the regulations established hereunder, and such information is knowingly false, the person so falsely swearing shall be deemed guilty of perjury.

(14) Whoever shall knowingiy violate any of the provisions of this section or of any regulations established under this section shall be subject to a penalty of not more than $2,000 for each violation. In the case of any such violation on the part of the owner, charterer, agent, master, or person in charge of the vessel, such vessel shall be liable for the penalty and may be seized and proceeded against by way of libel in the district court of the United States in any district in which such vessel may be found.

(15) When the death or bodily injury of any person results from the violation of this section or any regulations made in pursuance thereof, the person or persons who shall have knowingly violated or caused to be violated such provisions or regulations shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.

(16) The transportation by vessels of gasoline or any other inflammable or combustible liquid or inflammable gas when carried by motor vehicles using the same as a source of their own motive power, or motive power for driving auxiliaries forming a part of the vehicle, shall be lawful under the conditions as set forth in the regulations established by the Commandant of the Coast Guard under this section: Provided, however, That the motor or motors in any vehicle be stopped immediately after entering the said vessel, and that the same be not restarted until immediately before said vehicle shall leave the vessel after said vessel has been made fast to the wharf or ferry bridge at which she lands. All other fire, if any, in such vehicle shall be extinguished before entering the said vessel and the same shall not be relighted until after said vehicle shall leave the vessel : Provided further, That the Commandant of the Coast Guard may, by regluation, permit the operation on board vessels of motive power for driving auxiliaries forming a part of motor vehicles, under such conditions as he may deem proper: Provided further, That any owner, charterer, agent, master, or other person having charge of a vessel shall have the right to refuse to transport motor vehicles the fuel tanks of which contain gasoline or other inflammable or combustible liquid or inflammable gas used as a source of power for the vehicle or its auxiliaries: Provided further, That the owner, motor carrier, and operator of any such vehicle in which all fires have not been extinguished or the motor or motors stopped as required by this subsection or regulations established thereunder, and the owne charterer, agent, master, or person in charge of the vessel on which such vehicle is transported, shall each be liable to a penalty of not more than $500, for which the motor vehicle and vessel, respectively, shall be liable: And provided further, That a violation of this subsection shall not subject any person to the penalty provided in subsection (14) or (15) of this section. Explosives or dangerous weapons aboard vessels 18 U.S.C. 2277

(a) Whoever brings, carries, or possesses any dangerous weapon, instrument, or device, or any dynamite, nitroglycerin, or other explosive article or compound on board of any vessel registered, enrolled, or licensed under the laws of the United States, or any vessel purchased, requisitioned, chartered, or taken over by the United States pursuant to the provisions of Act June 6, 1941, ch. 174,

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55 Stat. 242, as amended, without previously obtaining the permission of the owner or the master of such vessel; or

Whoever brings, carries, or possesses any such weapon or explosive on board of any vessel in the possession and under the control of the United States or which has been seized and forfeited by the United States or upon which a guard has been placed by the United States pursuant to the provisions of section 1 of the act of June 15, 1917, as amended (50 U. S. C. 191), without previously obtaining the permission of the captain of the port in which such vessel is located, shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

(b) This section shall not apply to the personnel of the Armed Forces of the United States or to officers or employees of the United States or of a State or of a political subdivision thereof, while acting in the performance of their duties, who are authorized by law or by rules or regulations to own or possess any such weapon or explosive. Use of inflammable or combustible fuel 46 U.S.C. 170a

(a) Nothing herein contained shall prohibit the use by any vessel of motorboats, launches, or lifeboats equipped with engines using an inflammable or combustible fuel, nor shall anything herein contained prohibit such motorboats, launches, or lifeboats from carrying such inflammable or combustible fuel in their tanks: Provided, That no such inflammable or combustible fuel for the engines of such motorboats, launches, or lifeboats shall be carried except as may be prescribed by regulations of the Commandant of the Coast Guard: Provided further, That the use of such lifeboats shall be under such regulations as shall be prescribed by the Commandant of the Coast Guard. Discharge of petroleum at terminal ports 46 U.S.C. 467 (R.S. 4474)

When crude petroleum of a flash point not less than one hundred and fifty degrees Fahrenheit is carried in the double-bottom fuel tanks of steamers using the same for fuel, the crude petroleum carried in such tanks in excess of the necessities of the voyage may be discharged at terminal ports when no passengers are on board the ship. Crude petroleum carried and discharged under these conditions will not be considered stores or cargo within the contemplation of section 170 of this title, and will be considered as only for use as fuel within the contemplation of section 391a (1) of this title. Transportation of animals by vessels carrying steerage passen

gers 46 U.S.C. 156a

Horses, cattle, or other animals taken on board of or brought in any such vessel shall not be carried on any deck below the deck on which passengers are berthed, nor in any compartment in which passengers are berthed, nor in any adjoining compartment except in a vessel built of iron, and of which the compartments are divided off by watertight bulkheads extending to the upper deck. For every violation of any of the provisions of this section the master of the vessel shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined not exceeding $1,000, and be imprisoned for a period not exceeding one year. Stowaways on vessels or aircraft 18 U.S.C. 2199

Whoever, without the consent of the owner, charterer, master, or person in command of any vessel, or aircraft, with intent to obtain transportation, boards, enters or secretes himself aboard such vessel or aircraft and is thereon at the time of departure of said vessel or aircraft from a port, harbor, wharf, airport or other place within the jurisdiction of the United States; or

Whoever, with like intent, having boarded, entered or secreted himself aboard a vessel or aircraft at any place within or without the jurisdiction of the United States, remains aboard after the vessel or aircraft has left such place and is thereon at any place within the jurisdiction of the United States; or

Whoever, with intent to obtain a ride or transportation, boards or enters any aircraft owned or operated by the United States without the consent of the person in command or other duly authorized officer or agent

Shall be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

The word "aircraft” as used in this section includes any contrivance for navigation or flight in the air.

LOAD LINES FOR VESSELS MAKING SEA VOYAGES

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Establishment; vessels affected 46 U.S.C. 85

Load lines are hereby established for the following vessels:

(a) Merchant vessels of one hundred and fifty gross tons or over, loading at or proceeding to sea from any port or place within the United States or its possessions for a foreign voyage at sea, or arriving within the jurisdiction of the United States or its possessions from a foreign voyage by sea, in both cases the Great Lakes excepted.

(b) Merchant vessels of the United States of one hundred and fifty gross tons or over, loading at or proceeding to sea from any foreign port or place for a voyage by sea, the Great Lakes excepted.

(c) Sections 85–85g of this title shall not apply to merchant vessels that are being towed and which are carrying neither cargo nor passengers. Determination of load lines; regulations; material factor in fix

ing lines 46 U.S.C. 85a

The Commandant of the Coast Guard is authorized and directed in respect of the vessels defined in section 85 (a) and (b) of this title to establish by regulations from time to time the load water lines and marks thereof indicating the maximum depth to which such vessels may safely be loaded and in establishing such load lines due consideration shail be given to, and differentials made for, the various types and character of vessels and the trades in which they are engaged: Provided, That no load line shall be established or marked on any vessel, which load line, in the judgment of the Commandant of the Coast Guard, is above the actual line of safety. Such regulations shall have the force of law. Marking lines on vessels; approval of marks; certificate 46 U.S.C. 85b

It shall be the duty of the owner and of the master of every vessel subject to sections 85–85g of this title and to the regulations established thereunder to cause the load line or lines so established to be permanently and conspicuously marked upon the vessel in such manner as the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall direct, and to keep the same so marked. The Commandant of the Coast Guard shall appoint the American Bureau of Shipping, or such other American corporation or association for the survey or registry of shipping as may be selected by him, to determine whether the position and manner of marking on such vessels the load line or Iines so established are in accordance with the provisions of sections 85–85g of this title and of the regulations established thereunder: Provided, however, That, at the request of the shipowner, the Commandant of the Coast Guard may appoint, for the purpose aforesaid, any other corporation or association for the survey or registry of shipping which the Commandant of the Coast Guard may approve; or the Commandant of the Coast Guard may appoint for said purpose any officer of the Government, who shall perform such services

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