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Rules and regulations for handling liquid cargo
(2) In order to secure effective provision against the hazards of life and property created by the vessels to which this section applies, the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall establish such additional rules and regulations as may be necessary with respect to the design and construction, alteration, or repair of such vessels, including the superstructures, hulls, places for stowing and carrying such liquid cargo, fittings, equipment, appliances, propulsive machinery, auxiliary machinery, and boilers thereof; and with respect to all materials used in such construction, alteration, or repair; and with respect to the handling and stowage of such liquid cargo; the manner of such handling or stowage, and the machinery and appliances used in such handling and stowage; and with respect to equipment and appliances for lifesaving and fire protection; and with respect to the operation of such vessels; and with respect to the requirements of the manning of such vessels and the duties and qualifications of the officers and crews thereof; and with respect to the inspection of all the foregoing. In establishing such rules and regulations the Commandant of the Coast Guard may adopt rules of the American Bureau of Shipping or similar American csassification society for classed vessels insofar as such rules pertain to the efficiency of hulls and the reliability of machinery of vessels to which this section applies. In establishing such rules and regulations, the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall give due consideration to the kinds and grades of such liquid cargo permitted to be on board such vessel. Hearing before approval of rules
(3) Before any rules and regulations, or any alteration, amendment, or repeal thereof, are approved by the Commandant of the Coast Guard under the provisions of this section, except in an emergency, the said Commandant shall publish such rules and regulations and hold hearings with respect thereto on such notice as he deems advisable under the circumstances. Certificate of inspection and permit required
(4) No vessel subject to the provisions of this section shall, after the effective date of the rules and regulations established hereunder, have on board such liquid cargo, until a certificate of inspection has been issued to such vessel in accordance with the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes and until a permit has been endorsed on such certificate of inspection by the Coast Guard, indicating that such vessel is in compliance with the provisions of this section and the rules and regulations established hereunder, and showing the kinds and grades of such liquid cargo that such vessel may have on board or transport. Such permit shall not be endorsed by the Coast Guard on such certificate of inspection until such vessel has been inspected by the Coast Guard and found to be in compliance with the provisions of this section and the rules and regulations established hereunder. For the purpose of any such inspection, approved plans and certificates of class of the American Bureau of Shipping or other recognized classification society for classed vessels may be accepted as evidence of the structural efficiency of the hull and the reliability of the
machinery of such classed vessels except as far as existing law places definite responsibility on the Coast Guard. A permit issued under the provisions of this section shall be valid for a period of time not to exceed the duration of the certificate of inspection on which such permit is endorsed, and shall be subject to revocation by the Coast Guard whenever it shall find that the vessel concerned does not comply with the conditions upon which such permit was issued: Provided, That the provisions of this subsection shall not apply to vessels of a foreign nation having on board a valid certificate of inspection recognized under law or treaty by the United States: And provided further, That no permit shall be issued under the provisions of this section authorizing the presence on board any vessel of any of the materials expressly prohibited from being thereon by subsection 3 of section 170 of this title. Shipping documents required on board
(5) Vessels subject to the provisions of this section shall have on board such shipping documents as may be prescribed by the Commandant of the Coast Guard indicating the kinds, grades, and approximate quantities of such liquid cargo on board such vessel, the shippers and consignees thereof, and the location of the shipping and destination points. Number of officers and tankermen
(6) (a) In all cases where the certificate of inspection does not require at least two licensed officers, the Coast Guard shall enter in the permit issued to any vessel under the provisions of this section the number of the crew required to be certificated as tankermen.
(b) The Coast Guard shall issue to applicants certificates as tankerman, stating the kinds of liquid cargo the holder of such certificate is, in the judgment of the Coast Guard, qualified to handle aboard vessels with safety, upon satisfactory proof and examination, in form and manner prescribed by the Commandant of the Coast Guard, that the applicant is in good physical condition, that such applicant is trained in and capable efficiently to perform the necessary operations aboard vessels having such liquid cargo on board, and that the applicant fulfills the qualifications of tankerman as prescribed by the Commandant of the Coast Guard under the provisions of this section. Such certificates shall be subject to suspension or revocation on the same grounds and in the same manner and with like procedure as is provided in the case of suspension or revocation of licenses of officers under the provisions of section 239 of this title. Penalties
(7) The owner, master, or person in charge of any vessel subject to the provisions of this section, or any or all of them, who shall violate the provisions of this section, or of the rules and regulations established hereunder, shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000 or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both such fine and imprisonment. Effective date of rules and regulations
(8) The rules and regulations to be established pursuant to this section shall become effective ninety days after their promulgation
unless the Commandant of the Coast Guard shall for good cause fix a different time. Name of steamer exhibited 46 U.S.C. 493 (R.S. 4495)
Every steam vessel of the United States, in addition to having her name painted on her stern, shall have the same conspicuously placed in distinct, plain letters, of not less than six inches in length on each outer side of the pilot house, if it has such, and in case the vessel has side wheels, also on the outer side of each wheelhouse; and if any such steamboat be found without having her name placed as required, she shall be subject to the same penalty and forfeiture as provided by law in the case of a vessel of the United States found without having her name, and the name of the port to which she belongs, painted on her stern. Names and home ports, marked on bow and stern 46 U.S.C. 46 (R.S. 4178)
The name of every documented vessel of the United States shall be marked upon each bow and upon the stern, and the home port shall also be marked upon the stern. These names shall be painted or gilded, or consist of cut or carved or cast roman letters in light color on a dark ground, or in a dark color on a light ground, secured in place, and to be distinctly visible. The smallest letters used shall not be less in size than four inches. If any such vessel shall be found without these names being so marked the owner or owners shall be liable to a penalty of $10 for each name omitted. “Port" defined 46 U.S.C. 47
The word “port,” as used in section 46 of this title, in reference to painting the name and port of every registered or licensed vessel on the stern of such vessel, shall be construed to mean either the port where the vessel is registered or enrolled, or the place in the same district where the vessel was built or where one or more of the owners reside. Draft marked on stem and stern posts 46 U.S.C. 48
The draft of every registered vessel shall be marked upon the stem and stern post, in English feet or decimeters, in either Arabic or Roman numerals. The bottom of each numeral shall indicate the draft to that line. Numbers for vessels 46 U.S.C. 45 (R.S. 4177)
The Commissioner of Customs shall have power, under such regulations as he shall prescribe, to establish and provide a system of numbering vessels (so] registered, enrolled, and licensed; and each vessel so numbered shall have her number deeply carved or otherwise permanently marked on her main beam; and if at any time she shall cease to be so marked, such vessel shall be liable to a fine of $30 on every arrival in a port of the United States if she have not her proper official number legally carved or permanently marked. Inspection of ferryboats, canal boats, and small craft; regula
tions 46 U.S.C. 404 (R.S. 4426)
The hull and boilers of every ferryboat, canal boat, yacht, or other small craft of like character propelled by steam, shall be inspected under the provisions of this Title. Such other provisions of law for the better security of life as may be applicable to such vessels shall, by the regulations of the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating, also be required to be complied with before a certificate of inspection shall be granted, and no such vessel shall be navigated without a licensed engineer and a licensed pilot: Provided, That in open steam launches of ten gross tons and under, one person, if duly qualified, may serve in the double capacity of pilot and engineer. All of the above fifteen gross tons carrying freight for hire and all vessels of above fifteen gross tons and in excess of sixty-five feet in length carrying passengers for hire, but not engaged in fishing as a regular business, propelled by gas, fluid, naphtha, or electric motors, shall be subject to all the provisions of this section relating to the inspection of hulls and boilers and requiring engineers and pilots, and for any violation of the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes applicable to such vessels, or of rules or regulations lawfully established thereunder, and to the extent to which such provisions of law and regulations are so applicable, the said vessels, their masters, officers, and owners shall be subject to the provisions of sections 494—498 of this title, relating to the imposition and enforcement of penalties and the enforcement of law: Provided, however, That until June 30, 1956, no vessel registered or licensed as a vessel of the United States of fifteen gross tons or less on December 31, 1953, shall be deemed to be subject to the inspection provisions of this section notwithstanding the fact that such vessel may thereafter be found to have a tonnage in excess of fifteen gross tons, unless such finding results from an alteration in the length, breadth, or depth effected after December 31, 1953: Provided further, That no vessel under one hundred and fifty gross tons, owned by or demise chartered to any cooperative or association engaged solely in transporting cargo owned by any one or more of the members of such cooperative or association on a nonprofit basis (1) between places within the inland waters of southeastern Alaska, as defined pursuant to section 151 of Title 33, or (2) between places within said inland waters of southeastern Alaska and Prince Rupert, British Columbia, or (3) between places within said inland waters of southeastern Alaska and places within the inland waters of the State of Washington, as also defined pursuant to such section, via sheltered waters, as defined in article I, of the Treaty between United States and Canada defining certain waters of the west coast of North America as sheltered waters, dated December 9, 1933, shall be deemed to be carrying freight for hire within the meaning of this section.
Effective date; limitations 74 Stat. 735
This Act [amending section 404 shall be effective immediately upon enactment Aug. 23, 1958] shall apply on to vessels theretofore constructed: Provided, however, that on and after December 31, 1962, the transportation herein authorized shall be limited to and from places within said inland waters of southeastern Alaska not receiving annual weekly transportation service from any part of the United States by an established common carrier by water, except that this limitation shall be inapplicable to the transportation of cargo of a character not accepted for transportation by any such common carrier.
Irondequoit Bay, New York, shall, for the purpose of applying the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes, relating to steam vessels navigating thereon, be declared a navigable water of the United States; and steam vessels navigated thereon, and carrying passengers, shall be inspected under the provisions of sections 214, 227, 226, 228, 229, and 230 of this title, and subject to the penalties provided therein for a failure to comply therewith. Tugboats and freight boats 46 U.S.C. 405 (R.S. 4427)
The hull and boiler of every tugboat, towing boat, and freight boat shall be inspected, under the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes; and the Coast Guard shall see that the boilers, machinery, and appurtenances of such vessel are not dangerous in form or workmanship, and that the safety valves, gauge cocks, lowwater alarm indicators, steam gauges, and fusible plugs are all attached in conformity to law; and the officers navigating such vessels shall be licensed in conformity with the provisions of sections 214, 224, 226, 228, 229, and 230 of this title, and shall be subject to the same provisions of law as officers navigating passenger steamers.