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Minimum Age (Sea) Convention (Revised), 1936
PROVISIONS OF DRAFT CONVENTION NO. 58
For the purpose of this Convention, the term “vessel” includes all ships and boats, of any nature whatsoever, engaged in maritime navigation, whether publicly or privately owned; it excludes ships
1. Children under the age of fifteen years shall not be employed or work on vessels, other than vessels upon which only members of the same family are employed.
2. Provided that national laws or regulations may provide for the issue in respect of children of not less than fourteen years of age of certificates permitting them to be employed in cases in which an educational or other appropriate authority designated by such laws or regulations is satisfied, after having due regard to the health and physical condition of the child and to the prospective as well as to the immediate benefit to the child of the employment proposed, that such employment will be beneficial to the child.
The provisions of Article 2 shall not apply to work done by children on school ships or training ships, provided that such work is approved and supervised by public authority.
In order to facilitate the enforcement of the provisions of this Convention, every shipmaster shall be required to keep a register of all persons under the age of sixteen years employed on board his vessel, or a list of them in the articles of agreement, and of the dates of their births.
This Convention shall not come into force until after the adoption by the International Labor Conference of a Draft Convention revising the Convention fixing the minimum age for admission of children to industrial employment, 1919, and a Draft Convention revising the Convention concerning the age for admission of children to nonindustrial employment, 1932.
The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations for registration.
1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members of the International Labor Organization whose ratifications have been registered with the Secretary-General.
2. Subject to the provisions of Article 5 above it shall come into force twelve months after the date on which the ratifications of two Members have been registered with the Secretary-General.
3. Thereafter this Convention shall come into force for any Member twelve months after the date on which its ratification has been registered.
ARTICLE 8 As soon as the ratifications of two Members of the International Labor Organization have been registered, the Secretary-General of the League of Nations shall so notify all the Members of the International Labor Organization. He shall likewise notify them of the registration of ratifications which may be communicated subsequently by other Members of the Organization.
1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into force by an act communicated to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations for registration. Such denunciation shall not take effect until one year after the date on which it is registered.
2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under the terms provided for in this Article.
At the expiration of each period of ten years after the coming into force of this Convention, the Governing Body of the International Labor Office shall present to the General Conference a report on the working of this Convention and shall consider the desirability of placing on the Agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole or in part.
1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in whole or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides
(a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 9 above, if and when the new revising Convention shall have come into force;
(b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force, this Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.
2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the revising Convention.
The French and English texts of this Convention shall both be authentic.
RESERVATIONS BY THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
The above convention was ratified by the United States Government, with the following reservations:
“That the United States Government understands and construes the words ‘maritime navigation' appearing in this Convention to mean navigation on the high seas only.
“That the provisions of this Convention shall apply to all territory over which the United States exercises jurisdiction except the Panama Canal Zone, with respect to which this Government reserves its decision."
RATIFICATION OF TREATY Note.—The ratification of this treaty was deposited on October 29, 1938, and became effective on October 29, 1939. While some of the provisions of this treaty appear to be self-executing, it would seem that, in order to make effective the provisions of the treaty as a whole, enabling legislation to this end must be passed. To date no such enabling legislation has been enacted.
Chapter VI.-MARINE CASUALTY INVESTIGATIONS
Casualty involving loss of life; reports 46 U.S.C. 239(a) (R.S. 4450)
The Commandant of the Coast Guard shall prescribe rules and regulations for the investigation of marine casualties involving loss of life in order to determine whether any incompetence, misconduct, unskillfulness, or willful violation of law on the part of any licensed officer, pilot, seaman, employee, owner, or agent of such owner of any vessel involved in such casualty, or any inspector, officer of the Coast Guard, or other officer or employee of the United States, or
, any other person, caused or contributed to the cause of such casualty. All reports shall be made to the Commandant of the Coast Guard and such reports shall be public records and be open to inspection at reasonable times by any persons. Casualty not involving loss of life; classification 46 U.S.C. 239(b) (R.S. 4450)
The Commandant of the Coast Guard shall establish rules and regulations for the investigation of marine casualties and accidents not involving loss of life, any act in violation of any of the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes or of any of the regulations issued thereunder, and all cases of acts of incompetency or misconduct committed by any licensed officer or holder of a certificate of service while acting under the authority of his license or certificate of service, whether or not any of such acts are committed in connection with any marine casualty or accident. The Commandant of the Coast Guard shall classify marine casualties and accidents not involving loss of life according to the gravity thereof and in making such classification the Commandant shall give consideration to the extent of injuries to persons, the extent of property damage the dangers actual or potential which such marine casualties or accidents may create to the safety of navigation or commerce. Immediate investigation of conduct, violations and casualties;
right to counsel 46 U.S.C. 239(d) (R.S. 4450)
All acts in violation of any of the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes or of any of the regulations issued thereunder, whether or not committed in connection with any marine casualty or accident, and all acts of incompetency or misconduct, whether or not committed in connection with any marine casualty or accident, committed by any licensed officer acting under authority of his license or by any chief or assistant steward, purser, radio operator, electrician, able seaman, or lifeboatman acting under authority of a
certificate of service issued to him by the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation or the Coast Guard and all marine casualties and accidents and the attendant circumstances shall be immediately investigated as provided in subsections (a) and (b) of this section. The investigation shall determine, as far as possible, the cause of any such casualty or accident, the persons responsible therefor, and whether or not the United States Government employees charged with the inspection of the vessel or the vessels involved and with the examination and licensing of the officers thereof have properly performed their duties in connection with such inspection, examination, and licensing. In all investigations conducted under the authority of this section, any owner, licensed officer, or any holder of a certificate of service, or any other person whose conduct is under investigation, or any other party in interest, shall be allowed to be represented by counsel, to cross-examine witnesses, and to call witnesses in his own behalf, and a full and complete record of the facts and circumstances shall be submitted to the Commandant of the Coast Guard. Witnesses; subpoenas; oaths 46 U.S.C. 239(e) (R.S. 4450)
In any investigation directed by this section the Coast Guard shall have power to summon before it witnesses and to require the production of books, papers, documents, and any other evidence. Attendance of witnesses or the production of books, papers, documents, or any other evidence shall be compelled by a similar process as in the United States District Court. The Coast Guard shall administer all necessary oaths to any witnesses summoned before said investigation. Payment of witness fees and expenses 46 U.S.C. 239(f) (R.S. 4450)
The Coast Guard shall pay, on properly certified vouchers, such fees to any witness summoned under subsection (e) of this section, for his actual travel and attendance, as shall be officially certified to not exceeding the rate allowed for fees and to witnesses for travel and attendance in any District Court of the United States. Notice of time, place, and subject of investigation; record of
testimony and findings; suspension or revocation of license or
certificate 46 U.S.C. 239(g) (R.S. 4450)
In any investigation of acts of incompetency or misconduct or of any act in violation of the provisions of title 52 of the Revised Statutes or of any of the regulations issued thereunder, committed by any licensed officer or any holder of a certificate of service, the person whose conduct is under investigation shall be given reasonable notice of the time, place, and subject of such investigation and an opportunity to be heard in his own defense. The whole record of the testimony received by such investigation and the findings and recommendations shall be forwarded to the Commandant of the