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PUBLISHED BY GRAY AND BOWEN;

AND CARTER, HENDEE, AND CO.

NEW YORK:

G. AND C. AND H, CARVILL; AND COLLINS AND HANNAY.

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Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1932,

by Gray & Bowen, in the Clerk's office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

CAMBRIDGE:

E. W. METCALF AND COMPANY,

Printers to the University.

PREFACE.

ENCOURAGED by the reception which the American Almanac has hitherto met with, the Conductors present the Fourth Volume to the public, with the hope that the work will be regarded as entitled to a continuance of the public favor.

The usual labor and care have been again bestowed by Mr. Paine upon the astronomical department, although the ensuing year is less distinguished for interesting celestial phenomena than the two or three that have immediately preceded it.

Under the head of Meteorological Information, many remarkable facts are brought together, from the most authentic sources, relative to the fall of colored rain and snow, showers of dust and of soft substances both dry and gelatinous, and meteoric stones. A brief account is also given of some of the most remarkable optical phenomena of the atmosphere, as mirage, halos, and parhelia or false

This first part of the Almanac concludes with instructions, from the best authority, relative to the form, size, position, &c. of lightning rods.

suns.

The Second Part contains the requisite information relating to the Executive and Legislative Government and the Judiciary of the United States ; the Acts of Congress in relation to Patents, Copy-rights, the Relief of Insolvent Debtors to the United States, and of the Surviving Officers and Soldiers of the Revolution ; and statistical information respecting commerce, population, literature, religion, and other matters.

In the notices of the Individual States, objects of Internal Improvement, as Canals and Rail-roads, matters which have engrossed much of the public notice and enterprise within a few years past, have received particular attention.

Much valuable information will be found in the part of the work appropriated to the notice of Foreign countries, although a considerable portion of the materials prepared for this department have

been omitted for want of room. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland has received especial attention ; and as the measure of Parliamentary Reform which has, for the last two years, greatly agitated that country, is justly regarded as one of the most important eras in the political history of the empire, it has been deemed

proper to present a pretty full view of the former and present state of the Parliamentary Representation.

To their correspondents in the different states who have been so good as to afford assistance for improving the work, the Conductors return their grateful acknowledgments, and respectfully solicit a continuance of their favors. In the next number, it is designed to give a more full account than heretofore, of the literary and scientific institutions of the country, and the means and condition of education in the different states; and on these topics, particularly, information is desired.

The preparation of every number of this work is attended with much labor and expense, for which but a very inadequate remuneration has hitherto been received. The Conductors have the impression that it is a work of utility; they are not aware that the circulation of it operates unfavorably to the interests of any one ; and they hope that, so long as they may conduct it, they shall continue to find a friendly disposition to aid them in rendering it useful.

THE CONDUCTORS.

Cambridge, Massachusetts,

October 21, 1832.

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