Lapas attēli

16. Died, at Milton, Mass., Jonathan Russell, one of the American Commission

ers at Ghent; aged 60. 22. Centennial celebration of the birth of George Washing'on. 22. Bustamente, Vice-President of Mexico, issues a decree closing such ports

to foreign commerce as are occupied by rebellious troops. 22. Ancona, Italy, occupied by French Troops. 22. The long pending cause between the Princes de Rohan, heirs at law of the

Duke of Bourbon, as plaintiffs, and the Baroness Fouchères and the Duke d’Aumale, son of Louis Philip, King of France, as defendants, decided in favor of the latter.


3. Gen. Santa Anna defeated at Vera Cruz, Mexico, by the Government

troops. 3. The BiH for repealing the law for observing the anniversary of the death

of Louis XVI., having passed the French Chamber of Deputies, rejected

by the House of Peers, by a vote of 78 to 56. 3. The Supreme Court of the United States decide in the case of the impris

oned Missionaries, sentenced Sept. 16, 1831, by the Superior Court of Georgi to four years' imprisonment at hard labor in the penitentiary, that the law of Georgia, under which they were imprisoned, and by which the State assumed jurisdiction over the Indian Territory, is contrary to the

laws and treaties of the United States, and therefore null and void. 9. Gen. Santander elected President of New Grenada. 12. The Government of New Grenada authorizes the executive authority to

concert with Ecquacor and Venezuela for new terms of union, 13. Great flood on Hudson River.

Champollion, the celebrated interpreter of Egyptian Hieroglyphics, dies

at Paris, France; aged 42. 22. The Bill banishing the families of Napoleon and of the ex-king Charles X.,

passes in the French Chambers of Peers, by a vote of 80 to 30. 22. Died, at Weimar, J. W. von Goethe, in his 83d year. He was born at

Frankfort on the Maine, Aug. 28, 1749. 23. The Reform Bill passes in the British House of Commons, 26. General Fast in England on account of the Cholera. 27. The Cholera breaks out at Paris, France. 29. Died, at Genoa, Italy, Maria Theresa, Queen Dowager of Sardinia.

The Emperor of Russia issues a decree by which Poland is united to

the Russian Empire and is to form an inseparable part of it, having a particular administration as well as a civil and military code.

APRIL. 1. A war breaks out between the Winnebagoes and other Indian tribes, and

the United States. 1. War between the Sultan of Turkey and the Pacha of Egypt. 2. The Treaty between the United States and the Creek Indians by which the latter cede to the United States all their

lands east of the Mississippi river, ratified by the Senate of the United States. 3. Died, at Paris, M. Martignac, formerly Prime Minister of Charles X. 5. The ratification of the treaties of Commerce, Navigation, and of the Limits

between the United States and Mexico exchanged at Washington. 9. The Steam-boat Brandywine takes fire near Memphis, Tenn., and is do

stroyed : upwards of 110 lives lost. 12. Hussein Pacha proceeds to Egypt to take the command of the Ottoman

army against Ibrahim Pacha,

13. The Reform Bill passes to a second reading in the House of Lords, Eng.

by a vote of 184 to 175. The Duke of Wellington, with 73 other Peers,

enters a protest against it. 13. Died, at Kaskaskia, Illinois, Shadrach Bond, the first Govenor of that State. 15. An unsuccessful revolution breaks out at Pernambuco, Brazil, in favor of

the abdicated Don Pedro I. 18. The Plenipotentiaries of England, France, Austria, and Prussia, and soon

after of Russia, exchange, at London, the ratification, by their respective Sovereigns, of the 24 Articles of the London Conference in rela

tion to Belgium. 21. Riot, at Montreal, Canada, which originates in a contested election : seve

ral persons killed. 28. Died, at Fontainebleau, France, Caleb C. Colton, the author of Lacon. 29. Died, at Winchester College, Eng., Isaac Huntingford, D. D., Bishop of Hereford ; aged 84.

MAY. 1. A Carlist conspiracy discovered and suppressed in the South of France. 5. Transit of Mercury visible in the United States. 7. Lord Lyndhurst's amendment in relation to the Reform Bill passes in the

House of Lords; Lord Grey and his colleagues soon after resign; great sensation produced throughout England, which subsides on the ministry's

being reïnstated. See page 261. 9. Died, at Boston, Mass., Israel Thorndike; aged 76. 9. Died, at Florence, Italy, Prince Borghese. 14. The siege of Vera Cruz, Mexico, raised, after a brisk cannonade of 8 days,

by the Government troops. 14, Died, at Washington, Jonathan Hunt, M. C., from Vermont. 14. The Militia surprised hy the Indians near Galena, Minois ; 28 killed. 15. Died, at Paris, France, Baron Cuvier, the celebrated naturalist. 16. Died, at Paris, M. Casimir Périer, Prime Minister of France; aged 51. 22. Martin Van Buren nominated for Vice-President of the United States by a

Convention held at Baltimore. 22. Great rise of water in the Kennebec. 27. St. Jean d'Acre surrenders 10 the troops of the Pacha of Egypt. 27. Died, at Pilnitz, Princess Caroline, Arch-duchess of Austria. 30. Forty-one members of the Chamber of Deputies of France, among

whom are General Lafayette and General Lamarque, publish at Paris a Manifesto, in which they set forth their opposition to the policy of the government of Louis Philip, and express their wish that the government may be brought back to the principles which he accepted as conditions

of his elevation to the throne. 30. Died, in London, Sir James Mackintosh ; aged 66. 31. Died, in Paris, Gen. Lamarque.

JUNE. 1. Died, in South Carolina, Gen. Thomas Sumler, an officer of the Revolution. 4. The Reform Bill passes in the House of Lords, and receives the Royal

assent on the 7th. 4. Protocol of the Plenipotentiaries of the Five Powers binding themselves to

prevent the renewal of hostilities between Belgium and Holland. 6. Died, in London, Jeremy Bentham ; aged 84. 6, 7, 8, 9. Dreadful riots in Paris, France. Skirmishes continue for several

days between the Carlists and Republicans united, and the National Guards. The city is declared to be under martial law, and the Polytechnic School is suppressed; but is afterwards reorganized. The rioters are

finally overpowered, but not till after much slaughter. Many distinguish. ed individuals are soon arrested and tried by Court Martial; but the

Court of Cassation afterward pronounces their trial illegal. 7. A Bill for the further relief of the surviving officers and soldiers of the

American Revolution, having passed both Houses of Congress, receives

the signature of the President. 8. The Cholera breaks out at Quebec, Canada, being its first appearance in

America. 10. Died, at Reading, Pa., Gen. Joseph Heister, formerly Governor of that State. 12. Lisbon, Portugal, proclaimed to be in “ a state of siege.” 13. Died, at Washington, Charles C. Johnston, M. C. from Virginia. 18. The Duke of Wellington attacked by the mob in London, it being the anni

versary of the Battle of Waterloo. 21. Died, in London, Eng., Count Warouzow, for 30 years Russian Ambassa

dor 10 Great Britain. 27. The Cholera breaks out at New York. 28. Date of the protocol of the German Confederacy for arresting the progress

of liberal principles. 28. The new Tariff Act passes the House of Representatives of the United

States, by a vole of 132 to 65. 23. Died, at Washington, George E. Mitchell, M. C. from Maryland. 29. Revolution in Monte Video. Gen. Lavalleja succeeds by force Gen.

Rivera as President. 29. Died, in London, Eng., Sir James Macdonald.


5. Date of the Resolution of the German Diet, at Frankfort, prohibiting the

introduction of any foreign periodical writing or political work of less than 20 sheets, written in the German Language, into any stale of the Confederation, without the previous consent of Government. Political associations are interdicted. All foreigners, as well as the inhabitants, are forbidden to wear ribands, cockades, or other distinctive marks, except of the country to which the person wearing them belongs. Popular meetings or fêtes except customary ones, interdicted. The resolution of

Sept. 20, 1819, respecling the Universities, to be carried into execution. 7. The new Tariff act passes the Senate of the U. S., hy a vote of 32 to 16. 7. Died, at New York, Abraham Bigelow, Esq., of Cambridge, Mass. 9. Died, at Detroit, Gen. Oliver Strong of Rochester, N. Y. 2. Don Pedro, with his forces amounting to about 7,500, lands at Metlosin

hoes, Portugal. He immediately proceeds to Oporto, which he enters

without opposition. 10. The act extending the charter of the Bank of the United States having

passed the Senate by a vote of 28 to 20, and the House of Representatives by a vote of 105 to 83, is returned by President Jackson to the Senate, with his objections to signing it; and less than two thirds voting

for its passage, the act is rejected. 11. Died, at Albany, N. Y., Gen. John H. Wendell; aged 88. 13. The Scotch Reform Bill passes to the 3d reading in the Eng. H. of Lords. 16. The German Diet, at Frankfort, issue a protocol suppressing the liberty

of the press in Baden. 16. The Congress of the U.S. adjourn after a session of 7 months and 12 days. 21. The Sultan of Turkey signs a Protocol by which he gives his assent to the

extension of the Greck frontier, as required by the London Conference, viz. from ihe Gulf of Arta to that of Volo. He again recognises the independence of the Greek Stales.

23. An eruption of Mount Vesuvius. 23. Battle near Coimbra, Portugal, between the forces of Don Pedro and Don

Miguel, in which the former, with about 8,000 men, defeals the latter

with 12,500.. 26. Died, in Ireland, Patrick Curtis, D. D., Catholic Primate of Ireland ; aged 92. 26. Died, at Schoenbrunn, near Vienna, Austria, the Duke de Reichstadt, the

son of Napoleon. 30. The Irish Reform Bill passes in the Eng. House of Lords. 30. Died, at New Brunswick, N. J., John Croes, D. D., Bishop of the Protes

tan! Epi pal Church of that State; aged 69. 30. The Ministry and Regency of Brazil resign in consequence of the Senate's

refusing (yeas 17, nays 18) to dismiss St. Andrade, the iutor of the young Prince Don Pedro II., from his office, he being suspected of disloyalty. On the 31st the House of Delegates refuse to accept their resignation, and invite them to resume their office.

AUGUST. 3. The King of England assents to the Russian Dutch Loan Bill. 5. Died, in New Jersey, Charles Ewing, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court;

of that State. 11. Died, at New Haven, Conn. Henry E. Dwight. 13, The Irish Tithe Composition Bill read a third time and passed in the En

glish House of Lord3. 16. The Parliament of England prorogued to the 16th of Oct. 21. Died, in England, Adam Clarke, D. D., a distinguished Oriental scholar ;

aged 69. 25. Died, at Chester, Vt., Rev. Aaron Leland; aged 71. 27. Capture of Black Hawk, a famous Indian Chief.

SEPTEMBER. 25. Died, at Canton, Ohio, E. Fenwick, D, D., Bishop of Cincinnati. 26. The University of New York organized ; the Chancellor (Rev. James

Matthews, Ď D.) and Professors inaugurated,

PROGRESS OF THE CHOLERA. The severe epidemic, which under the name of the Cholera, Asiatic Cholera, Malignant Cholera, or Cholera Asphyxia, has within a few years afflicted many parts of the world, is reputed to have originated in August, 1817, at Jessore, the capital of a district in Bengal, lying to the northeast of Calcutta. In the following September it invaded Calcutta, soon after many other cities of Hindostan; and in a short time it extended its ravages into various other countries of Asia. It has been estimated that during the 14 years from its commencement at Jessore, it carried off no less than 18 millions of the inhabitants of Hindostan; and its ravages are said to have been still greater in China. See the “ Revue Encyclopédique" for June, 1831. In 1830, it invaded European Russia, and afterwards Poland, Hungary, Germany, Austria, and other countries of Europe. In 1831, in October, it broke out at Sunderland, in England; in February, 1832, in Lön. don ; soon afterwards in various places in the British Empire ; in Paris, near the last of March ; at Quebec and Montreal in June; and at New York in July. The mortality in Paris was very great, but the official reports after the first fortnight embraced only a part of the deaths. The number of deaths, as reported, from the 26th of March to the 15th of April, was 8,198; and in France, to the 1st of August, 69,159. The number of cases in England and Scotland, as reported, from the commencement of the disease to the 1st of September, was 47,874; deaths, 17,684; in Ireland, to the 19th of August, 22,865 cases, and 7,119 deaths. During its second appearance in London, no reports were published. The number of cases in Hungary has been stated at 435,330, and of deaths, at 188,000. The following Table exhibits the Number of Cases of the Cholera and of

Deaths in various places which have been visited by it, as reported, and stated in different Journals.



Great Britain and Ireland.

Continent of Europe
Cases. | Deaths.

Cases. | Deaths, Dublin,

.1 9,252|2,775
St. Petersburg,

19,247 4,757 Glasgow, to Aug. 154,1641,993 Moscow,

8,576 4,690 Liverpool, 31 4,646 1,397 Lemberg,

4,922 2,589 London, to April 28, 2,532 1,334 Vienna,

3,984 1,893 Cork, 3,305 843

3,912 1,460 Limerick,

2,497 843

2,220 1,401 Drogheda, to July 28 1,202 488 Prague,

3,234 1,333 Edinburgh,

796 467 Konigsberg,

2,188 1,314 Paisley, 25 638 368 Niznei Novgorod,

1,897 982 Belfast, 2,559 303 Kazan,

1,487 857 Greenock, to July 25 534 275 Breslau,

1,276 671 Hull, 26 726 250 Brunn,

1,540 604 Leeds, 26 544 212 Hamburg,

874 455 York, 25 384 152 Magdeburg,

576 346 Plymouth, 26 354 147 Elbing,

434 283 Leit! 25 194 112 Stettin

366 250 Warrington,

26 248
109 Halle,

303l 152 Carlisle,

25 214) 109

Quebec, to Sept. 1 12,218 Baltimore, Sept. 29,

710 Montreal, 2 4,385 1,843 Albany,

8, 1,146 418 New York, 85,842 3,197 Norfolk,

400! Do. Oct. 12 3,471 Rochester, 3, 389 107 Philadelphia, Sept. 1 2,240 740

16 11,

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