Lapas attēli

This bill, after passing the House of Delegates by so considerable a majority, was indefinitely postponed in the Senate, by a vote of 18 to 14; and thus the whole subject rests for the present.


The University of Virginia consists of nine schools ; viz. For Ancient Languages, 57 students ; for Modern Languages, 46; for Mathematics, 78; for Law, 17; for Chemistry and Materia Medica, 37; for Medicine and Medical Jurisprudence, 29; for Anatomy and Surgery, 23; for Moral Phi. losophy, 37.

The Finances of this Institution are stated as follows:
Annuity from Literary Fund,
Rents of Hotels and Dormitories,
Debts due from sundry persons,
Proceeds of Fines, Diplomas, &c.
Balance in hands of Treasurer,

$15,000.00 4,200.00

479.60 250.00 944.00

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Per Supra.

Debts due,
Professors' Salaries,
Officers' do.
Interest on Loan,
Balance applicable to the purposes of the Institution,

$ 4,191.47 12,000.00 1,700.00 1,186.20 1,795.93


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CANALS. James River Canal. At the city of Richmond, is a short canal around a fall in the river, with 12 Locks, overcoming an ascent of 80 feet, and connecting tide-water with a basin on Shockoe Hill. From this basin proceeds a Canal 25 feet wide, and 4 deep, for 24 miles, when it unites

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with the river. Three miles farther, is a short canal, with three locks, overcoming a fall of 34 feet.

James and Jackson River Canal and Navigation extends from the basia at Richmond to a fall in Goveland county. Distance, 304 miles. Width 40 feet; depth 3} feet. Completed in 1825. Cost, $623,295. There is also a Canal on James river, in Rockland county, around Irish falls to the mouth of the North Branch. Distance, 7 miles. Lockage, 96 feet. Cost, $340,000.

Shenandoah Canals, constructed to improve the navigation of Shenandoah river, are near Port Republic. A fall of 50 feet is overcome by six short canals with stone locks.

Dismal Swamp Canal, partly in Virginia and partly in North Carolina, is 225 miles in length, 40 feet wide and 65 deep. It extends from Deep creek to Joyce's creek, at the head of Pasquotank river, connecting the waters of the Chesapeake bay with Albemarle sound. Completed, on a circumscribed plan, 1822. Its dimensions have since been enlarged. Every quarter of a mile the canal is widened 60 feet for turn-out stations. The locks recently constructed, are 100 feet by 22. The summit level is 165 feet above the Atlantic at half-tide, and is supplied by a feeder of 5 miles in length, from lake Drummond. The basin, at Deep creek, is half a mile in length, and 15 feet above the level of tide-water. Capital $360,000, of which $64,000, were subscribed by the State of Virginia, and $ 200,000 by the United States.

Rappahannock Company. Capital subscribed by individuals, $30,000; by the state of Virginia, $ 20,000. The projected work compriseş locks, dams, and canals, and, when completed, will extend from Fredericksburg to Fox's Mill, about 40 miles.

Danville and Dan River Canals are a series of improvements upon the upper branches of Roanoke river. The expenditure of the Roanoke Company for these purposes in Virginia and North Carolina, has been about $350,000.

RAIL-ROADS. Manchester Rail-road, in Chesterfield county, extends from Manchester to the coal mines. It consists of a single track, and is 13 miles in length.

The Petersburg and Roanoke Rail-road. The route of this Rail-road has been surveyed from Petersburg to Roanoke river, near Weldon, N. C. a distance of 60 miles, and a company incorporated with a capital of $100,000.

Rail-roads have also been projected from Richmond to Lynchburg; from Lynchburg to New River; from Suffolk, in Nansemond county, to the Roanoke river opposite the town of Weldon in North Carolina ; from Richmond to some point below Harrison's Bar; and from Richmond to Potomac River, to connect with the Baltimore and Ohio Rail-road.

James River and Kanawha Company has recently been incorporated, for the purpose of connecting the tide-water of James river, with the nav

igable waters of the Ohio, by a canal or rail-road, or an alternation of both, at the option of the company. The Act of Incorporation provides, that, if three-fifths of the capital stock be taken up by individuals, the remaining two-fifths shall be subscribed by the state.



William Mhoon,
Wm. H. Hill,
Romulus Sanders,

Salary. Governor ; term expires December, 1832; $2,000 Treasurer,

1,500 Secretary of State,

800 & fees. Attorney General,


Supreme Court.

John Hall,

Leonard Henderson, Chief Justice,

$2,500 Associate Justice,

2,500 Thomas Ruffin, do.

2,500 Judges of the Superior or Circuit Court. William Norwood, John R. Donnell, David L. Swain, J. J. Daniell, Robert Strange,

James Martin. The state is divided into six circuits, in which the court is held half yearly in the several counties; so that each judge attends in about ten counties; and he is paid $90 for every court which he holds.


North Carolina has $730,000 in bank investments, which, together with other investments, make a safety fund of about $1,000,000.

The Receipts into the Treasury for the year 1831, amounted to $138,951.

The EXPENDITURE for the same period, was $103,385.99.

Total expenses of the Legislature,

Do. of the Executive Department,
Do. of the State Department,
Do. of the Treasury Departınent,
Do. of the Comptroller's Department,

of the Judiciary,


2,273.33 1,143.00 2,003.96 1,000.00 23,830.05

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In June, 1831, a society was formed to promote the cause of education, which received the name, NORTH CAROLINA INSTITUTE. It is established at Chapel Hill, and already numbers among its members the most distinguished men of the state. The friends of education throughout the state are sanguine in the hope that this will prove the commencement of a system of general improvement. Thomas I. Baker, M.D. President.


CANALS. Dismal Swamp Canal. See Virginia.

The North-west Canal connects North-west river, (which empties into Currituck sound) with the Dismal Swamp Canal. Length, 6 miles ; width, 24 feet; depth of water, 4 feet.

Weldon Canal, constructed by the Roanoke Navigation Company, extends around the falls of the Roanoke, near Weldon, in Halifax county. By this canal a communication is established with the valleys of the rivers Dan and Staunton. Length, 12 miles, in which distance the river falls 100 feet.

Chubfoot and Harlow Canal opens a communication for small craft, between Newbern and Beaufort. The average depth of water is 4 feet.

Other Canal Companies, viz. the Cape Fear, the Yadkin, the Tar Rider, the New River, and the Catawba, have done much to improve the inland navigation of the state.

RAIL-ROADS. Fayetteville Rail-rogd. A company was incorporated in 1831, for the purpose of constructing a rail-road from Fayetteville to Cape Fear river. Capital, $20,000,

Cape Fear and Yadkin Rail-road. Company inco ted in 1832. Capital, $2,000,000, to be divided into shares of $100 each. This rail-road is to commence at Wilmington and extend to the Yadkin river by the way of Fayetteville; thence by the way of Salisbury to Beatty's Ford, or to such other point of junction on the Catawba river, as may be found practicable. Distance from 230 to 250 miles. The work must be commenced within three years, and completed within thirteen, under penalty

of forfeiture of the charter. The state has reserved to itself the right of connecting with this, other rail-roads, leading to any other part or parts of the state.

Central Rail-road. Company incorporated in 1832. Capital, $2,000,000. This Rail-road, like that above described, is intended to connect the western part of the state with the sea-board.

The Petersburg Rail-road is to extend into this state to Weldon. The Portsmouth and Weldon Rail-road is to connect Norfolk, Va., and Wel. don. See Virginia.



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GOVENMERNT. JAMES HAMILTON, Jun., Governor, elected December, 1830; term of office expires December, 1832,

Salary, $3,500 P. Noble, Lieutenant-Governor. Thomas Harrison, Comptroller Gen. S. Hammond, Secretary of State. Thomas Lehre, Jun.,

Treasurers. Theo. Stark, Surveyor General. Benj. H. Saxson,

Attorney General.
Charles J. Colcook, President of the Bank of South Carolina.

The Senate consists of 45 members, elected for four years, one half being chosen biennially. H. Deas, President.

The House of Representatives is composed of 124 members, elected for two years. H. L. Pinckney, Speaker.

The legislature meets annually, at Columbia, on the fourth Monday in November. Pay of members, $3,00 a day.

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