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to be of stone, 100 feet by 15. Amount of lockage required on the whole canal, 3,215 feet. At the summit level, upon the Alleghany Mountain, a tunnel is required 4 miles and 80 yards long, with a deep cut 1,060 yards long at the western end, and another 14 yards long at the eastern end, each of which opens into a basin of 880 yards in length and 64 in width. The original estimate of the cost was $22,375,000 ; but it is supposed that it will fall much short of that sum. 1,000,000 dollars of the stock have been subscribed by the United States.
Port Deposit Canal is a public work of the state of Maryland. Its length is 10 miles, extending from Port Deposit on the east bank of the Susquehanna, along a line of rapids, northward, to the boundary of Maryland.
Potomac river Canals. At Little or Lower Falls, three miles above Washington, is a Canal 24 miles long. Difference of level 37 feet and 1 inch, overcome by 4 locks of solid masonry.
At Great Falls, 9 miles above, is a Canal 1,200 yards long, lined with walls of stone. Difference of level, 764 feet surmounted by five locks. 100 feet long, and from 10 to 14 wide.
Rail-ROADS. Baltimore and Ohio Rail-road. Company incorporated in 1827, by the legislatures of Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania. The ceremony of laying the first stone was performed July 4, 1828 ; but active operations were not commenced till the autumn of the same year. Capi. tal, $5,000,000. This rail-road, when completed, is to extend from Bal. timore to Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, or to some other point on the Ohio river, thus affording communication between the waters of Chesapeake Bay and those of the Ohio. Seventy-three miles of this rail-road are to be completed in the course of the autumn of 1832, from Baltimore to the Point of Rockson Potomac river, including a branch rail-road to Frederick. Length of the main stem from the Depot of the Company in
Pratt-street, Baltimore, to the point of Rocks, double track, 675 m.
Total, 733 Average cost of a single track,
$15,500 a mile. Total cost of a single track,
$1,101,615 Average cost of a double track,
$ 27,128 a mile. Total cost of a double track,
$1,906,853 The breadth of the tracks is 4 feet 9] inches between the rails.
From January 1, to September 30, 1831, the number of passengers on the portion of the rail-road from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills (13 miles) was 81,905; and within the same period 5,931 tons were transported upon it, yielding an income of $31,405, and involving an expense of $ 10,994. Transportation is effected by horses and steam locomotive engines.
The progress of the rail-road beyond the Point of Rocks has been interrupted by a law-suit between the Baltimore and Ohio Rail-road Company, and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company, which has been decided in favor of the latter. Measures are now in progress for the extension of the rail-road to the mouth of the Shenandoah. A further extension of 30 miles will carry it to Williamsport, and another of 75 miles, to Cumberland, and a country abounding in rich bituminous coal. From this point to Pittsburg the distance is 140 miles, making the whole length 325 miles.
Upon the route selected for this rail-road there are only two summits for the distance of 180 miles. The approach to the first of these summits, at Parr Spring Ridge, is by an acclivity so gradual as not to exceed 18 feet to the mile. From the western side of this ridge, to the coal inines, near Cumberland, the route for the whole distance, is adapted to steam locomotive engines. From the eastern base of the Alleghany mountain, a series of inclined planes will be required to overcome a summit of 1200 feet; from thence the road may be constructed upon a line so nearly level to the Ohio river as to be traversed by steam locomotive engines without difficulty.
Baltimore and Susquehanna Rail-road. Commenced in 1830. To extend from Baltimore to York, Penn. Length, 76 miles. The portion of the-rail-road lying in Maryland, is in active progress. Seven miles, commencing at Baltimore, have already been completed at the expense of $13,350 a mile. The next division of 8 miles, is now under cortract. When completed, it is supposed the cost of the rail-road will be reduced to $11,000 a mile. As the Act of the legislature of Maryland incorporating the Baltimore and Susquehanna Rail-road Company has not been concurred in by the legislature of Pennsylvania, the rail-road, at present, will terminate at the boundary line of the state of Maryland. The company is authorized to construct a lateral rail-road, commencing at the main stem, within ten miles of Baltimore, through Westminster to the head waters of Monocacy river.
Baltimore and Washingion Rail-road is a branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail road, and has been undertaken by the same company. The route has been surveyed. Length from the point of intersection at Elke ridge landing to Washington, about 33 miles.
A Rail-road has been projected from Baltimore to Annapolis.
Salary. John Floyd Governor; term of office expires March 31, 1834, $3,333) Dan. A. Wilson, Counsellor, Lt. Gov.; term expires March 31, 1833, 1,000
Wyndham Robertson, Counsellor ; term expires March 31, 1834,
Counsellor ; term expires March 31, 1835,
Salary. 1,000 1,000
Lawson Burfoot, Treasurer of State,
Court of Appeals.
Salary. Henry St. George Tucker, President,
2,720 Francis T. Brooke, Judge,
2,500 William H. Cabell, do.
2,500 John W. Green, do.
2,500 Dabney Carr, do.
2,500 The judges are entitled to receive, in addition to their salaries, 25 cents a mile for necessary travel. The Court of Appeals holds two sessions annu. ally ; one at Lewisburg, Greenbrier county, for the counties lying west of the Blue Ridge, commencing on the 1st Monday in July, and continuing 90 days, unless the business shall be sooner despatched; the other at Richmond, for the counties lying east of the Blue Ridge, commencing at such times as the court may, from time to time, appoint, and continuing 160 days, unless the business shall be sooner despatched.
The state is divided into 10 districts, and each district into two circuits, and a Circuit Superior Court of law and chancery is held twice every year in each county and corporation ; the courts sitting until the business is despatched.
There are 20 judges, having each a salary of $1,500, and their names, with the number of their respective circuits, are as follows: 1. Bobert B. Taylor, 8. William Daniel, 15. Benjamin Estill, 2. John F. May,
9. William Leigh, 16. James E. Brown, 3. Abel P. Upshur, 10. Fleming Saunders, 17. Allen Taylor, 4. William Browne, 11. Richar:) H. Field, 18. Edward D. Duncan, 5. J.T. Lomax, 12. Lucas P. Thompson, 19. Lewis Summers, 6. John Scott,
13. Richard E. Parker, 20. Joseph L. Frye. . 7. Wm. Brockenbrough, 14. Daniel Smith,
Statement of Taxes arising in the Year 1831.
$ 25,721.05 149,191.67 61,437.50 16,971.84 9,777.14 7,270,47
190.05 1,570.79 4,869.18
Tax on Licenses to Merchants, Brokers, Jewellers,
3,269.21 15,782.61 2,463.61 4,726.79 1,285.00
Deduct 2 per cent. for insolvents and overcharges, and 5 per
cent for Sheriffs? Commissions, and 2) per cent. for prompt payment,
Add amount from county of Norfolk, on Land and Property,
REGISTER OF CRIMES.
On the 30th September, 1831, there were in the Penitentiaries of Virginia 167 convicts, viz. 122 white males, 1 white female, 39 colored males, 5 colored females.
The crimes for which they were convicted are designated as follows: Murder in the second degree 28 ; Horse-stealing 23; Larceny 88; Petty Larceny 4; Forgery 9; Rape 2; Burglary 11: Grand Larceny 31 ; Buggery 2; Unlawful maiming 1; Manslaughter 3 ; Murder 1; Felony 8; Highway Robbery 3; Voluntary manslaughter 5; Maiming 2; Malicious shooting 2; Burglary and Larceny 2; Robbery and Burglary 3; Stealing free negroes 3; Felonious stealing 1; Stabbing 2; Unlawful stabbing 2; Passing counterfeit money 2 ; Shooting 1 ; Malicious maiming 1; Larceny, stealing slaves 1; Passing counterfeit bank notes 3 ; Felonious carrying away of slaves 1. Within the year ending as above, 53 convicts were received into the Penitentiaries.
The following Table shows the Amount paid annually from the Treasury since 1819, for Slaves executed, transported, and escaped.
Movement respecting Slavery, and the Removal of Free Negroes. The following Preamble and Resolution were reported by a committee of the Legislature of Virginia, and adopted by the House of Delegates, in January 1832, by a vote of 64 to 59.
“ Preamble. Profoundly sensible of the great evils arising from the condition of the colored population of this commonwealth ; induced by humanity as well as policy, to an immediate effort for the removal, in the first place, as well of those who are now free, as of such as may hereafter become free; believing that this effort, while it is in just accordance with the sentiments of the community on the subject, will absorb all our present means; and that a further action for the removal of the slaves should await a more definite development of public opinion,
“ Resolved, as the opinion of this committee, that it is inexpedient for the present, to make any legislative enactments for the abolition of slavery."
On the 28th of the same month, Mr. Broadnax from the Select Committee on Slaves and Free Negroes, reported a bill for the removal of free negroes, or such as may become free, and are willing to go to some place beyond the limits of the United States ; this bill excludes coercion, except as to free negroes who remain in the state contrary to the law of 1806. The bill as amended, and finally passed by the House of Delegates, by a vote of 79 to 41, appropriates 35,000 dollars for 1832, and 90,000 for 1833, for the purposes above-mentioned ; the place of removal being left to the discretion of a central board, to consist of the Governor, Treasurer, and Auditor, ex officio, who have power to appoint agencies at Norfolk, Petersburg, and other places.