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Number of Clergy in 1832.
Presbyterians and Congregationalists,
Reformed Church,
Other denominations,

460 143 310

98 357 13 89

Total, 1,470


The number of practising physicians and surgeons in 1832, was 2,580.


Value of several Manufactures produced annually in this state.

$2,500,000 Hats,

$3,500,000 Cottons,

3,520,250 Boots and Shoes, 3,000,000 Iron, 4,000,000 Window Glass,

200,000 Paper,

700,000 Articles made in families, 4,823,831 Leather, . 3,458,650

Total, $25,702,731 The number of persons employed in the manufacture of cotton is 15,971; the capital invested is 4,435,500. At the different iron factories there are 4730 laboring men employed, and 2195 cattle.

The number of Newspapers published in this state is stated at 258. Of these, 64 are published in the city of New York, and 13 of this number are printed daily.



Canals, tolls, revenue, &c.
Principal and interest on bonds for Lands,

do. do for School Fund, Various other sources,


72,047.80 35,263.09 430,689.96

Total, $1,740,531.16

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Salaries of the governor, and judicial and state officers,

28,413.17 Legislature, including contingent expenses,

75,006.00 State Prison at Sing Sing,

35,090.10 Common School Dividends,

100,000.00 Hospital in New York,

16,875.00 Commissioners of the Canal Fund,

1,276,965.44 Various other expenses,


Total, $1,747,987.45 [Nearly all these items of statistics have been taken from Williams's * New York Annual Register ” of for 1832.] AMOUNT OF DUTIEs arising from Merchandise imported into the City of New York in 7 years.

[From Niles's Register.”] 1825, $ 15,752,079.02 ,1829,

$ 13,052,644.54 1826, 11,525,840.26 1830,

15,012,553.29 1827, 13,213,265.27 1831,

20,096,436.60 1828,


Canals completed.
Erie Canal. This canal extends from Albany on Hudson river to
Buffalo on lake Erie.

July 4th, 1817. First navigated from Utica to Rome, 15 miles,

Oct. 3d, 1819. Tolls first received,

July 1, 1820. Canal completed,

1825. Length, from Hudson river to lake Erie,

363 miles. Width at the surface of the water,

40 feet. Do. at the bottom,

28 feet. Depth of water,

4 feet. Number of Locks,

84 Rise and fall,

698 feet. Cost,

$9,027,456.08 Tolls in the year 1830, .

954,328.05 Do. in. 1831,

1,091,714.20 Champlain Canal extends from Whitehall on lake Champlain, to Albany. Commenced,

October, 1817. Opened for navigation,

November, 1819. Length,

72 miles. Width and depth the same as Erie canal. Number of Locks,

21 Rise and fall,

188 feet. Cost,

$1,179,871.95 Tolls, 1830,

78,148.03 Do. 1831,



Oswego Canal, is a branch of the Erie, extending from Salina to Oswego, connecting lake Ontario with the Erie canal. Length 38 miles. One half of the distance is canal, the remainder slack water navigation : 14 locks. Descent from Salina to lake Ontario 123 feet. Cost, $525,115,57. Tolls in 1830, $12,335.18 ; Do. 1831, $ 16,271.10.

Cayuga and Seneca Canal, extending from Geneva on Seneca lake to Montezuma on Erie canal, is one half canal and one half slack water naviga. tion. Length 20 miles and 44 chains : 11 locks of wood. Descent from Seneca lake to Montezuma 731 feet. Canal constructed in 1828. Cost, $214,000.31. Tolls in 1830, $11,987.81. Do. in 1831, $12,920.39. The four canals described above were constructed at the expense of the state, and still remain under the administration of the state government as pubiin property. Aggregate length, including 8 miles of navigable feeders, 492 miles. Do. Cost,

$ 10,946,443.68 Do. Tolls in 1830,

1,056,799.67 Do. Tolls in 1831,

1,222,801.90 Chemung Canal, another work of the state, extends from the head waters of Seneca lake to the Chemung (or Tioga) river. Length 18 miles, with a navigable feeder of 13 miles from Painted Post, on the Chemung river, to the summit level, making in the whole 31 miles of canal navigation. Amount appropriated by the Legislature, April 1829, for the construction of this canal $300,000. On the canal are 53 locks of wood, 6 culverts, 3 aqueducts, 70 bridges, 1 dam, and 1 guard-lock of stone. Completed in 1832.

Crooked Lake Canal is to extend from Crooked lake, near Pen Yan, to the outlet of Seneca lake, about 7 miles. Lockage, 270 feet. Appropriated by the legislature for this canal, $120,000.


Canal Debt.

Erie and Champlain Canals,
Oswego Canal,
Cayuga and Seneca Canal,
Chemung Canal,
Crooked Lake Canal,


427,347.00 237,000.00 290,263.00 100,000.00

Total Canal Debt, 8,055,645.86

Canal Fund.

Bonds for sales of Land,
5 per cent State Stocks, .
Loan to the City of Albany,
Deposits in Banks for Canal Tolls collected,

Total Canal Fund,

21,538.48 310,000.00

75,000.00 1,833,229.41


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Canals designed to be constructed by the State. Chenango Canal, to extend from the Erie canal in Oneida county, to Binghampton, in Broome county, on Susquehannah river. Length, 92} miles. Elevation from the Erie canal to the summit level,

706 feet. Descent from thence to the Susquehannah river,

303 do. Total Lockage,

1,009 do. Estimated Cost,

$941,775.36 Black River Canal, to extend from Rome to the High Falls on the Black River, 36 miles, with a navigable feeder of 9 miles at Boonville, and the improvement of 40 miles’ river navigation from the High Falls to Carthage. Length of canal and river navigation,

76 miles. Kise and Fall from Rome to the Black river,

1,078 feet. Estimated Cost,

$602,514 Canals constructed by private companies. Delaware and Hudson canal company, incorporated April, 1823, for the purpose of constructing a Canal and Rail-road from the Hudson river to the Coal Mines in Luzerne county Penn., with a capital of $1,500,000. The Canal was commenced in July, 1825; completed in October, 1825. Length of the Canal, from tide-water of the Hudson to Honesdale, Wayne county, Penn., 108 miles. Length of the Rail-road, from Honesdale to the Coal Mines in Carbondale, Luzerne, county, Penn., 24 miles. The Canal is from 32 to 36 feet wide and 4 feet deep. Coal is the most important article transported upon this canal of which 43,200 tons were brought down in 1830. Amount of Tolls, in 1831, (exclusive of coal-boats) $ 19,500.

Harlaem Canal. Company incorporated, April, 1826. Capital, $ 550,000. It is to extend from Hudson to East river through Manhattan Island. Length, 3 miles, 60 feet wide, and from 6 to 7 deep. is to be walled with stone on both sides, and to have a street on each side, 50 feet wide its whole length, with a lock at each end to command the tide-water. The work is now in progress.

Chittenango Canal. Company incorporated in 1818. Length 1} miles. Extends from Chittenango Mill to the Erie Canal, with 4 locks.

Sodus Canal. Company incorporated in 1829. Capital, $ 200,000. Canal to extend from Seneca river to Great Sodus Bay, on Lake Ontario.

The following Canal Companies have been incorporated, which have not yet commenced operations. Harlaem River, Owasco and Erie, Auburn and Owasco, New-York and Sharon, Niagara, Jefferson County, Oswego, Greenville, Black River, and Long Island.

RAIL-ROADS. Mohawk and Hudson Rail-road. Company incorporated in April, 1826. Capital $300,000, with permission to increase it to $500,000. It extends from Albany to Schenectady, and affords communication between the tide-water of Hudson river and the Erie Canal,

Length about 16 miles. Double track; one now completed, the other in progress; was commenced in August, 1830. Cost from $600,000 to $ 700,000.

Saratoga and Schenectady Rail-road. Company incorporated April, 1831. Capital $150,000. This Rail-road forms a continuation of the Mohawk and Hudson Rail-road from the city of Schenectady to the villages of Ballston Spa and Saratoga, and unites these places with the line of steam navigation upon the Hudson. Length 20 miles. Commenced in 1831. Completed in 1832. Cost from $230,000 to $250,000.

Catskill and Canajoharie Rail-road. Company incorporated in 1830. Capital, $ 600,000. To extend from Catskill to Canajoharie. Distance 70 miles. The capital stock has been subscribed, and a part of the Rail-road put under contract.

Ithaca and Owego Rail-road. Company incorporated 1828. Capital $ 150,000. To extend from the village of Ithaca, at the head of Cayuga lake, to the village of Owego, on the Susquehanna river. Distance 29 miles. Capital stock subscribed, route surveyed and determined, and work now in progress.

Harlaem Rail-road. Company incorporated in April, 1831. Capital $350,000. To extend from Twenty-third Street, New York city, to Harlaem river. The work is now under contract. It is proposed to unite the contemplated Rail-road from New York to Albany with this Rail-road, at the termination of the Fourth Avenue.

Rochester Rail-road. Company incorporated in April, 1831, for the purpose of constructing a Rail-road from Rochester to the head of navigation on Genesee river, below the falls, and opening a communication between the Erie canal at Rochester and Jake Ontario.

Work now in progress. RAIL-ROADS PROJECTED. New York and Erie Rail-road. Company incorporated April 14, 1832. Capital $10,000,000. To extend from the city of New York, or from some point in its vicinity, and to continue through the southern tier of counties, through Owego in the county of Tioga to the shore of lake Erie, at some point between Cattaraugus creek and the Pennsylvania line. To be commenced within four years from the date of the Act of Incorporation, one-fourth to be completed within 10 years, one half within 15 years, and the whole to be completed within 20 years, under penalty of forfeiture of the charter.

New York and Albany Rail-road. Company incorporated April 17, 1832. Capital $3,000,000. This Rail-road is to commence at New-York city, opposite where the Fourth Avenue terminates, and running through the counties of Westchester, Putnam, Duchess, Columbia, and Rensselaer, and to end on the Hudson opposite Albany. Power is also granted to the company to extend the Rail-road to Troy, and to construct lateral Railroads to the eastern limits of the counties abovementioned, to connect with any that may be made hereafter from Massachusetts or Connecticut.

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