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Privilege of Franking.
Letters and packets to and from the following officers of the government, are by law received and conveyed by post, free of postage.
The President and Vice-President of the United States; Secretaries of State, Treasury, War, and Navy; Attorney General; Post-master General and Assistant Post-master General; Comptrollers, Auditors, Register, and Solicitor of the Treasury; Treasurer; Commissioner of the General Land Office; Commissioners of the Navy Board; Commissary General; Inspectors General; Quartermaster General; Paymaster General; Superintendent of Patent Office; Speaker and Clerk of the House of Representatives; President and Secretary of the Senate; and any individual who shall have been, or may hereafter be, President of the United States; and each may receive newspapers by post, free of postage.
Each member of the Senate, and each member and delegate of the House of Representatives, may send and receive, free of postage, newspapers, letters, and packets, weighing not more than two ounces, (in case of excess of weight, excess alone to be paid for,) and all documents printed by order of either House, during and sixty days before and after each session of Congress.
Post-masters may send and receive, free of postage, letters and packets not exceeding half an ounce in weight; and they may receive one daily newspaper, each, or what is equivalent thereto.
Printers of newspapers may send one paper to each and every other printer of newspapers within the United States, free of postage, under such regulations as the Post-master General may provide.
Present yearly consumption
The stocks of coffee in Europe, Dec. 31, 1830, were do. in the United States, less than
Whole growth of 1831
Consumption in Europe and America, 1831
lbs. 305,000,000 lbs. 80,000,000 10,000,000
Together 90,000,000 250,000,000
Estimated stocks in Europe and America at end of year
Leaving in all Europe, 31st Dec. 1831, only
lbs. 340,000,000 305,000,000
The growth of coffee has yearly decreased from five to eight million pounds since 1828 (when it was greatest), and must continue to decrease two or three years more. It cannot be much increased until three or four years after the price reaches 10 or 12 dollars in the West Indies. The very low price of sugar in all countries adds to the increase of coffee consumption.
228,000,000 The increase of production of coffee from 1826 to 1830, was 30 per cent.
The increase of consumption from 1826 to 1830, was 60 per cent. The increase of production has stopped, while the increase of consumption goes on and will go on, till checked by high prices.
In 1816 coffee in Hamburg was 6mk. bco. per lb. being 12 cents per lb. 1817 it rose in Hamburg to 8
And had not then reached by 30 per cent. the price from which it started in 1816.
And as shown in the foregoing will be in 1831, only
* By Europe is meant the Netherlands, England, France, Hamburg, Bremen, Copenhagen, St. Petersburg, and Trieste.
* Catholic Colleges: a large part of the students in these belong to the preparatory department. There is a Catholic College at Mobile, and one at Cincinnati, of which no statistics have been received.
College of N. J.
Mt. St. Mary's.
William and Mary.
Coll. S. Carolina.
VACATIONS IN COLLEGES.
1. Com., 3 weeks ;-2. Friday after 3d Wed. Dec., 8 weeks ;-3. Friday after 3d Wed. May, 2 weeks.
1. Com., 4 weeks ;-2. Last Wed. Nov., 9 weeks.
1. Com., 6 weeks;-2. last Mon. Dec., 6 1-2 weeks ;-3. Thursday preceding the last Wed. May, 21-2 weeks.
1. Com., 4 weeks ;-2. 1st Wed. Jan., 8 weeks.
1. Com., 4 weeks;-2. 1st Wed. Jan., 7 weeks ;-3. 3d Wed. May, 2 weeks.
1. Wed. preceding 25th Dec., 2 weeks ;-2. 1st Wed. April, 2 weeks; -3. preceding Commencement, 6 weeks.
1. Com., 4 weeks ;-2. Wed. after 4th Wed. Dec. 6 weeks ;-3. 3d Wed. May, 8 weeks.
1. Com., 4 weeks;-2. 4th Wed. Dec., 6 weeks ;-3. 2d Wed. May, 3 weeks.
1. Com., 4 weeks ;-2. last Friday in Dec., 6 weeks ;-3. 2d Friday in May, 3 weeks.
1. Com., 6 weeks;-2. 2d Wed. Jan., 2 weeks ;-3. 1st Wed. May, 4 weeks.
1. Com., 6 weeks ;-2. Thurs. before Christmas, 2 weeks;-3. Thursday before 20 April, 3 weeks.
1. Com. to the 1st Monday in October.
1. Com., 7 weeks ;-2. in Dec. 3 or 4 weeks ;-3. in April, 3 weeks.
1. Com., 5 weeks;-2. at Christmas and New Year, 2 weeks ;-3. in
1. Com., 6 weeks ;-2. 1st Thurs. after 2d Tues. April, 6 weeks.
1. In Sept. and Oct., 5 weeks;-2. in April and May 5 weeks.
1. Com., 6 weeks;-2. Dec. 25th to Jan 15.
1. Month of October ;-2. Month of May.
1. July and August.
1. Com. to 2d Mond. Sept. ;-2. Dec. 24 to Jan. 2. ;-3. Wed. before Easter to 1st Wed. after.
1. Com. to the 15th August.
1. Com. to 2d Wed. Jan. ;-2. 2d Wed. June to 2d July..
1. Com. to the last Monday in October.
1. Month of October ;-2. Month of May.
1. Com. to 3d Wed. May;-2. 3d Wed. Oct. to 3d Wed. Nov.
1. July 20 to September 1.
1. Com., 6 weeks ;-2. Dec. 15, 4 weeks.
1. Month of December ;-2. in April, 3 weeks.
1. July 1 to the 1st Monday in October.
1. Com., 1 week ;-2. Wed. before 2d Mond. Nov. to Jan. 1;-3.
1. 4th Wednesday in July to 1st Wednesday in October.
1. Com., 5 1-2 weeks ;-2. 1st Wed. April, 5 1-2 weeks.
1. Com., 4 weeks:-2. 1st Thursday April, 4 weeks.
1. Com. to 1st Mond. Nov. ;-2. 2d Mond. March, 6 weeks.
1. Com. to 1st Mond. Sept.;-2. a recess in March.
1. Com. 6 weeks ;-2. in Feb. 21 weeks from 1st vacation, 4 weeks. 1. Com. to the last day of October.
1. 1st August till 15th September.
University of Ohio. 1. Com., 6 weeks ;-2. 2d Tues. April, 4 weeks.
1. Com. to 1st Mo. Nov.;-2. last Wed. March to 1st Monday in May. Western Reserve. 1. Com., 5 weeks ;-2. 2d Wed. Jan., 2 weeks. Indiana.
1. Month of May ;-2. Month of October.
EXPLANATION. Vacations of Bowdoin College; 1st, from Commencement, 3 weeks;-2d, from the Friday after the 3d Wednesday in December, 8 weeks ;-3d, from the Friday after the 3d Wednesday in May, 2 weeks.