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Customs,

Internal Revenue,

Direct Taxes,

XI. RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURE OF THE U. STATES.

The American Almanac for 1831, pp. 156 — 159, contains a Statement of the Receipts, Expenditure, and Appropriations, from 1789 to 1829, inclusive. The following is a continuation of the Statement for 1830, with the total amounts from 1789.

Civil List,
Foreign Intercourse,
Miscellaneous,

Postage,

Public Lands,

Loans and Treasury Notes, &c.,
Dividends and sales of Bank Stock,
Miscellaneous,

Total Receipts, 1830,

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Receipts.

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Military Establishment-
Military Service, including Fortifi-
cations, Arsenals, Armories, Ord-
nance, Internal Improvements, &c.
Revolutionary Pensions,
Other Pensions,

Indian Department,
Naval Establishment,
Public Debt,

Total of Expenditure in 1830,

Balance in the Treasury,

In 1830.

$21,922,391 39
12,160 62
16,980 59
55 13

2,329,356 14

Expenditure.

Civil List,
Foreign Intercourse,
Miscellaneous,
Military Establishment

Military Services, including, &c.
Revolutionary Pensions,
Other Pensions,

Indian Department,
Naval Establishment,
Public Debt,

Total o Appropriations, 1830,

Amount carried to Surplus fund,
Balance of Appropriations,

490,000.00
73,172 64

24,814,116 51

In 1830.

1,599,724 64
294,067 27
1,363,624 13

4,767,128 88
1,067,947 33

295,349 98
622,262 47

3,239,428 63 11,355,748 22

24,585,281 55

$6,014,539 75

Appropriations.

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From 1789 to 1830.
$542,219,388 28
22,216,696 65
12,719,591 46
1,090,417 64

34,793,054 41

156,181,578 57 9,903,506 30

4,746,053 14

783,870,236 45

From 1789 to 1830. 33,983,533 58 23,519,847 26 28,351,164 36

180,250,772 78 15,239,221 66

6,414,280 25

11,130,030 37 104,891,379 87

374,025,516 57

777,855,746 70

From 1789 to 1830. 35,539,334 09 29,073,985 65 32,405,209 11

189,760,966 39 15,242,454 50

6,573,958 09

3,077,580 52

110,152,507 99 374,354,236 94

806,180,233 28

22,874,152 40

XII. ESTIMATED RECEIPTS IN 1831.

From Customs, Lands, Bank Dividends, Incidental Receipts, and the Indemnity under the Danish Convention,

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Total,

Estimated Expenses in 1831, including $16,189,289 67

paid off

Customs,
Public Lands,

Bank Dividends,
Incidental Receipts

$3,237,416 04

Estimated Revenue for 1832, viz.

6,752,688 66 3,239,428 63 11,355,748 32

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The estimated Expenditure for the year 1832, exclusive of the public debt, are

$26,500,000 00
3,000,000 00
490,000 00
110,000 00

Samuel Moore, Director,
Wm. Findlay, Treasurer,
Ad. Eckfeldt, Chief Coiner
John Richardson, Assayer,

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Estimated Surplus Revenue

Balance in the Treasury, Jan. 1, 1830,
Ditto,
as estimated Jan. 1, 1831,

$28,000,412 87

XIII.

MINT.

[From "The National Calendar."]

$24,585,281 65

30,967,201 25

IMPORTS AND EXPORTS.

The amount of Imports into the United States for the year
ending 30th Sept., 1831, is estimated at

Exports, for the same period; viz.
Domestic products
Foreign ditto

30,100,000 00

13,365.202 16

$16,734,797 84

$5,755,704 79 6,014,539 75

$62,048,233
18,324,333

$97,032 358

$80,372,566

Salary.

Salary.

$2,000 J. Cloud, Melter & Refiner, $1,500
1,200 William Kneass, Engraver,
1,500 John S. Benezet, Clerk,
1,500 J. Eckfeldt, Assist. Assayer,

1,200
850
600

The Mint of the United States, for the purpose of a national coinage, was established by the act of 2nd April, 1792, in the city of Philadelphia, where it has since been continued. For conducting the business of the Mint, the same act directed that the following officers should be appointed:

a Director, an Assayer, a Chief Coiner, an Engraver, and a Treasurer. By the act of 3d March, 1795, an additional officer, by the name of the Melter and Refiner, was authorized.

The Director of the Mint has the chief management of the business thereof, and superintends all other officers and persons employed therein. It is the duty of the Treasurer to receive and give receipts for all metals which may be lawfully brought to the Mint to be coined; and for the purpose of ascertaining their respective qualities, he shall deliver, from every parcel so received, a sufficient number of grains to the Assayer, who shall assay all such of them as require it. It is also the duty of the Treasurer to deliver such metals to the Chief Coiner, to be coined, in such quantities as the Director may prescribe. The Engraver is required to sink and prepare the necessary dies for the coinage, with proper devices and inscriptions. The Melter and Refiner is required to take charge of all copper and silver or gold bullion, delivered out by the Treasurer, after it has been assayed, and to reduce the same into bars or ingots fit for the rolling mills, and then to deliver them to the Coiner or Treasurer, as the Director shall judge expedient. The Assayer, the Chief Coiner, and the Melter and Refiner are required to give bonds to the Secretary of the Treasury for the faithful and diligent performance of their several duties.

It is lawful for any person or persons to bring to the Mint gold and silver bullion to be coined; and the bullion so brought is there assayed and coined, as speedily as may be after the receipt thereof; and if of the standard of the United States, free of expense to the person or persons by whom it shall have been brought. But the Treasurer of the Mint is not obliged to receive, for the purpose of refining and coining, any silver bullion below the standard of the United States, in a smaller quantity than two hundred ounces, nor gold bullion below the said standard, in a smaller quantity than twenty ounces. And there must be retained from every deposit of bullion below the standard, such sum as shall be equivalent to the expense incurred in refining the same; an accurate account of which expense, on every deposit, is kept, and of the sums retained on account of the same, which is accounted for by the Treasurer of the Mint, with the Treasurer of the United States.

Operations of the Mint.

The coinage effected within the year 1830 amounts to $3,155,620, comprising $643,105 in gold coins, $2,495,400 in silver, $17,115 in copper, and consisting of 8,357,191 pieces of coin, viz :

Half Eagles,

Quarter Eagles,
Half Dollars,

Dimes,

Half Dimes,
Cents,

126,351 pieces, making .

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4,540 4,764,800

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510,000 1,240,000 1,711,500

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$631,755 11,350

2,382,400

51,000

62,000

17,115

$3,155,620

The coinage effected within the year 1831, amounts to $3,923,473 60, comprising $714,270 in gold coins, $3,175,600 in silver, and $33,603 60 in copper, and consisting of 11,792,284 pieces of coin, viz:

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In 1824,

1825,

1826,

1827,

140,594 pieces, making

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4,520 5,873,660

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398,000

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771,350

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1,242,700
3,359,260
2,200

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11,792,284

$3,923.473 60

Of the amount of gold coined within 1831, about 130,000 dollars were derived from Mexico, South America, and the West Indies, 27,000 dollars from Africa, 518,000 dollars from the gold region of the United States, and about 39,000 dollars from sources not ascertained.

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Of the amount of gold of the United States, above mentioned, about 26,000 dollars may be stated to have been received from Virginia, 294,000 dollars from North Carolina, 22,000 dollars from South Carolina, and 176,000 from Georgia. Gold has also been received within the past year from Tennessee and Alabama, not exceeding, however, 1000 dollars from each of these states; an amount meriting little regard, except as indicating the progressive development of the gold region.

The first notice of gold of the United States on the records of the Mint, occurs in the transactions of the year 1814. From that year to 1823 inclusive, the average annual amount received at the Mint, did not exceed 2,500 dollars. Since the latter period, the progressive increase has been remarkable. The amount received within the succeeding years, to the present time may be stated as follows, viz:

$5,000
17,000

20,000

21,000

$702,970 00 11,300 00 2,936,830 00 99,500 00 77,135 00 62,135 00 33,592 60

11 00

In 1828, 1829, 1830,

1831,

$46,000 134,000

466,000

518,000

Previously to the year 1829, the State of North Carolina alone had furnished gold to the Mint. Within that year it was received also from Virginia and South Carolina; from the former, 2,500 dollars, and from the latter, 3,500 dollars. Early in 1830, gold began to be received from Georgia. The amount received during that year from the various sections of the gold region, was as follows, viz:—from Virginia, 24,000 dollars, North Carolina, 204,000 dollars, South Carolina, 26,000 dollars, and from Georgia, 212,000 dollars.

Silver bullion has been supplied, throughout the year, in quantities amply sufficient for the present power of the Mint. The coinage of silver alone has exceeded the whole amount of coinage in any former year, and the coinage of gold, silver, and copper, has exceeded that of any previous year by nearly one million of dollars.

The employment of copper coins in circulation is becoming obviously more general than heretofore. They are transmitted, at the public expense and risk, to all parts of the United States, within the range of ordinary means of transportation, and their use and value are becoming familiar and acknowledged, where, until recently, they have been in little estimation.

The profit on the copper coinage of the past year will somewhat exceed 10,000 dollars. This profit is regularly accounted for to the Treasury of the United States, thereby refunding so much of the sum appropriated for the expenses of the Mint establishment. The whole effective expense of the Mint, for the past year, will thus be reduced to less than 28,000 dollars.

XIV. RATES OF POSTAGE.

On a single Letter composed of One Piece of Paper.
For any distance, not exceeding 30 miles, 6 cents.
Over 30, and not exceeding 80
66 10 r
Over 80, and not exceeding 150
Over 150, and not exceeding 400
Over 400 miles

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A letter composed of two pieces of paper, is charged with double these rates; of three pieces, with triple; and of four pieces, with quadruple. "One or more pieces of paper, mailed as a letter, and weighing one ounce, shall be charged with quadruple postage; and at the same rate, should the weight be greater."

Newspaper Postage.

For each Newspaper, not carried out of the State in which it is published, or, if carried out of the State, not carried over 100 miles, 1 cent. Over 100 miles, and out of the State in which it is published, 1 cents.

Magazines and Pamphlets.

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If published periodically, dist. not exceeding 100 miles, 14 cents pr. sheet. Ditto do. distance over 100 66 21 66 66 4 If not pub. periodically, dist. not exceeding 100 Ditto do. distance over 100 66 6 66

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Every printed pamphlet or magazine which contains more than twentyfour pages, on a royal sheet, or any sheet of less dimensions, shall be charged by the sheet; and small pamphlets, printed on a half or quarter sheet, of royal or less size, shall be charged with half the amount of postage charged on a full sheet.”

The postage on Ship Letters, if delivered at the office where the vessel arrives, is six cents; conveyed by post, two cents in addition to the ordinary postage.

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