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PAGE ALLOWAY KIRK .
308 WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
315 RYDAL MOUNT
317 SIR WALTER SCOTT
facing 332 MELROSE ABBEY
336 LORD BYRON
facing 350 VIEW OF BRANTWOOD, RUSKIN'S HOME, LAKE CONISTON 397 CRICKET GREEN AND COLLEGE TOWERS, WINCHESTER 403 CHARLES DICKENS .
413 WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY
facing 420 BIRTHPLACE OF GEORGE ELIOT
423 GEORGE ELIOT
426 ROBERT BROWNING
446 ALFRED TENNYSON .
facing 452 FARRINGFORD
LITERARY MAP OF ENGLAND .
A GENERAL OUTLINE OF ENGLISH
I. THE PERIOD OF PREPARATION
1. From the Beginning to the Norman Conquest, — to 1066.
English begin to settle in Britain, 449.
of Christianity, 597.
Aldhelm, poet and scholar, 670?–709.
the Ecclesiastical History of the English People. C. ALFRED TO THE NORMAN CONQUEST (871-1066).
Invasions of the Danes, 787-878.
Peace of Chippenham, 878.
a. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
English, or Anglo-Saxon Prose.
Ælfric about 950?-1016?
2. Norman Conquest to the Death of Chaucer (1066-1400).
William the Conqueror wins the Battle of Hastings,
In this shorter book I have not hesitated to make what use I could of my earlier Introduction to English Literature, but I have found that comparatively little of it was suited to my present purpose. The general plan, and chief chronological divisions have been retained, but apart from this the present book is largely new, written in a simple style and designed to meet a different need. There is less literary criticism and relatively more biography, while many authors and books mentioned in the larger work are here barely alluded to or passed over altogether. As far as possible the mere enumeration of authors and titles has been avoided, and the student has been led to concentrate his attention upon a comparatively small number of authors of the first importance.
Like its predecessor this book aims to treat the history of English literature in its broad relations to the social, religious, and political history of England, and of Europe; to make the student realize that literature is a vital and significant part of a nation's history, and one of the most intimate revelations of the national life and aspiration. It tries to show him that the literary history of England is not the record of a meaningless and fortuitous succession of men and events, but rather a continuous and fascinating story, in which each age is largely the product of those that have gone before it, and in which the present is in a real and apparent way the daughter of the past.
A book of this kind should be clear, brief, and accurate, but even this is not enough. It should aim above all to
Loss of Normandy by King John of England, 1204.
French, and English. A. LATIN. 1. Florence of Worcester and William of Malmesbury,
early Latin chroniclers (first half of XII century). 2. Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of
Britain, in Latin, introduces Celtic legend into
Norman and English literature (1147).
a. Song of Roland.
b. Arthurian Romances.
1. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle continued to 1154.
a. Layamon's Brut about (1205).
and 14th centuries).
d. Miracle Plays.
a. Wyclif (about 1324-1384).
II. PERIOD OF THE RENAISSANCE IN ENGLAND,
1. The Revival of Learning.
Foreign and Civil Wars, 1400–1485.
England; and at its close, with the accession of