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(Putnam); Saintsbury, in Essays in English Literature, 17801860 (Scribner); Burton, “The Vision of a Mighty Book Hunter," in The Book Hunter (Lippincott).
READINGS: Joan of Arc and English Mail Coach, ed. by J. M. Hart (Holt); Flight of a Tartar Tribe, ed. by C. S. Baldwin (Longmans); Selections, ed. by Bliss Perry (Doubleday). These selections form an admirable introduction to the more extended study of De Quincey's work. Mention must be made, moreover, of the papers on Murder Considered as one of the Fine Arts, remarkable not only for their irony, but also for their narrative passages. A most charming example of De Quincey's humor will be found in the third chapter of his Autobiographic Sketches, of particular interest to boys.
Byron. - BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Nichol, Life (E. M. L.); Trelawney, Recollections of Shelley and Byron (Frowde); Macaulay, in Essays, vol. I (Longmans); Arnold, Essays in Criticism, 2d series (Macmillan); Woodberry, "The Byron Centenary," in Makers of Literature (Macmillan).
READINGS: “The Prisoner of Chillon,” “There's not a Joy the World Can Give,” “Childe Harold” (Cantos III and IV), “Lines on Completing His Thirty-sixth Year," "She Walks in Beauty Like the Night,” “English Bards and Scotch Reviewers." Byron is a poet of brilliant passages. With some of these the student should be familiar; he should know such passages as “He who hath bent him o'er the dead," from The Giaour; “'Tis midnight; on the mountains brown,” in The Siege of Corinth; the address to the Ocean and the Eve of Waterloo in Childe Harold; and “The Isles of Greece" from Don Juan. Several of these selections will be found in Ward's English Poets (Macmillan) and in Pancoast's Standard English Poems (Holt). Shelley. — BIOGRAPHY
CRITICISM: Dowden, Life (Scribner); Symonds, Life (E. M. L.); Bagehot, in Literary Studies, vol. I (Longmans); Masson, in Wordsworth, Shelley, and Keats (Macmillan); Shairp, "Shelley as a Lyric Poet," in Aspects of Poetry (Houghton).
READINGS: “To a Skylark,” “The Cloud,” “Ode to the West Wind,” “Arethusa," "The Indian Serenade,” “Lines written
among the Euganean Hills," "Stanzas written in Dejection, near Naples," "Mont Blanc," "Mutability," "A Lament," “Adonais," "Alastor," "Prometheus Unbound." In studying Shelley as a lyric poet the reader should turn to the choruses in “Prometheus Unbound" and "Hellas." Note particularly the "Life of Life, thy Lips Enkindle," from the former, and the last chorus from the latter of these two poems.
Keats. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Colvin, Life (E. M. L.); Masson, in Wordsworth, Shelley, and Keats (Macmillan); Lowell, in Among My Books, 2d series (Houghton); Arnold, in Essays in Criticism, 2d series (Macmillan).
READINGS: Romantic and Medieval: “The Eve of St. Agnes,” “The Eve of St. Mark,” “La Belle Dame Sans Merci.” Classical Poems: “Lamia," "Ode on a Grecian Urn,” “Hyperion.” Personal poems, Odes, Sonnets, etc.: “Ode to a Nightingale," “Ode to Autumn," "Ode on Melancholy.” Sonnets: “On First Looking into Chapman's Homer," "Keen, Fitful Gusts are Whispering Here and There," "On the Sea," "Bright Star, Would I Were Steadfast as Thou Art” (Keats' last sonnet).
Macaulay. — BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Trevelyan, Life and Letters, 2 vols. (Harper), is the standard life. Bagehot, essay on "Macaulay," in Literary Studies, vol. II (Longmans); Arnold, "Macaulay," in Mixed Essays (Macmillan); F. Harrison, “Lord Macaulay,” in Studies in Early Victorian Writers (Lane); Leslie Stephen, “Macaulay," in Hours in a Library, vol. III (Putnam).
READINGS: Verse: “Ivry,” “Lays of Ancient Rome,” “The Battle of Naseby.” Biographical and Critical Essays: “Addison," "Milton," "Bunyan," "Johnson," "History." These essays and Macaulay's poetry will be found in Miscellaneous Works, 5 vols., ed. by Lady Trevelyan (Harper). An example of Macaulay's art as an historian is to be found in chapter III, volume I, of the History of England, “The State of England in 1685."
Carlyle. — BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Froude, Thomas Carlyle, 4 vols. (Harper); Nichol, Life (E. M. L.); Shairp, “Prose Poets,” in Aspects of Poetry (Houghton); Birrell, “Carlyle,” in Obiter Dicta, vol. I (Scribner); Frederick Har
rison, "Thomas Carlyle,” in Studies in Early Victorian Writers (Lane).
READINGS: Among the most notable and representative of Carlyle's shorter works are: Sartor Resartus, Heroes and HeroWorship, Past and Present, the Inaugural address at Edinburgh On the Choice of Books, and the essays on Burns, Johnson, and Richter. Every student should know Sartor Resartus, one of the great books of the century. If it is not read for school work, it should be noted as a book for future mastery.
Ruskin. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: John Ruskin, Proterita, Scenes and Thoughts of My Past Life (Wiley Sons); Frederick Harrison, Life (E. M. L.); also "Ruskin as a Master of Prose," "Ruskin as a Prophet,” “Ruskin's Eightieth Birthday,” in Harrison's Tennyson, Ruskin, Mill (Macmillan).
READINGS: See an admirable selection of writings from Ruskin in Vida D. Scudder's Introduction to the Study of John Ruskin (Sibley); The Crown of Wild Olive, Unto This Last, Fors Clavigera, Letters V and VIII; Modern Painters, Part VI, chapters I and IX, “The Earth Veil” and “The Leaf Shadows."
Arnold. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Russell, Life (“Literary Lives," Scribner); Hutton, (a) “Poetry of Matthew Arnold,” in Essays, Theological and Literary, vol. II (Macmillan); (b) “Arnold,” in Modern Guides of English Thought (Macmillan); Woodberry, in Makers of Literature (Macmillan); Harrison in Tennyson, Ruskin, Mill, and Other Essays (Macmillan).
READINGS: Poetry, "Switzerland," "Isolation," "To Marguerite," "Absence," "Dover Beach," "Self-Dependence," "The Buried Life," "Calais Sands," "Faded Leaves," "The Scholar-Gypsy,” “Thyrsis,” “Tristram and Iseult," "Sohrab and Rustum," "The Forsaken Merman,” “Geist's Grave.” Sonnets: “Shakespeare," "The Good Shepherd with the Kid," “East London.” Prose: “The Study of Poetry,” “Milton,” in Essays in Criticism, 2d series (Macmillan); “Numbers,” “Emerson,” in Discourses in America. Extracts from Arnold's prose, with admirable introduction, are given in E. T. McLaughlin's Literary Criticism (Holt). See also Selections, ed. by L. E. Gates (Holt).
THE NOVELISTS. It is impossible in any short space to give a satisfactory list of references or readings for the many important writers of fiction in the nineteenth century. It may be helpful, however, to mention a few standard biographies and criticisms of the three or four greatest novelists in the Victorian period:
Dickens. - BIOGRAPHY CRITICISM: Forster, Life, 2 vols. (Scribner); Chesterton, Charles Dickens, A Critical Study (Dodd); Mamie Dickens, My Father as I Recall Him (Dutton); Pierce and Wheeler, The Dickens Dictionary (Houghton); Gissing, Charles Dickens, A Critical Study (Dodd); Harrison, in Studies in Early Victorian Literature (Lane); Lilly, in Four English Humourists of the Nineteenth Century (Murray).
Thackeray. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM : Merivale and Marzials, Life (G. W. S.); Melville, Life, 2 vols. (Stone); Lilly, in Four English Humourists of the Nineteenth Century (Murray); Harrison, in Studies in Early Victorian Literature (Lane); Wilson, Thackeray in the United States (Dodd).
Eliot. - BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Leslie Stephen, Life (E. M. L.); Cooke, George Eliot: a Critical Study of Her Life and Writings (Houghton); Parkinson, Scenes from the George Eliot Country (Simpkin); Dowden, “George Eliot," “Middlemarch and Daniel Deronda,” in Studies in Literature (Scribner).
Stevenson. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Balfour, Life, 2 vols. (Scribner); Raleigh, Life (Lane); Letters to His Family and Friends, ed. by Colvin, 2 vols. (Scribner); Japp, Robert Louis Stevenson; a Record, an Estimate, and a Memorial (Scribner); Genung, Stevenson's Attitude to Life (Crowell).
READINGS: Novels: Treasure Island, Kidnapped, David Bal-. four, The Master of Ballantrae. Essays and Sketches: “On Walking Tours," in Virginibus Puerisque; “The Lantern Bearers," in Across the Plains; Travels with a Donkey; An Inland Voyage; “On Style in Literature,” “Books which Have Influenced Me,” in Essays and Reviews. Poems: A Child's Garden of Verse, Underwoods (especially “Requiem,” and “The Celestial Surgeon").
Kipling. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Knowles, Kipling Primer (Brown); Richard Le Gallienne, Rudyard Kipling, a Criticism (John Lane).
READINGS: Verse: “The Ballad of East and West,” “Danny Deever," "Fuzzy-Wuzzy," "Mandalay,” “Recessional,” “The Young Queen,” “Our Lady of the Snows.” Short Stories: “Without Benefit of Clergy,” in Mine Own People; “William the Conqueror," "The Brushwood Boy," "A Walking Delegate,” in The Day's Work; Kim; Captains Courageous.
Tennyson. - BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Memoir by his Son (Macmillan); Waugh, Study of Life and Work (Macmillan); Luce, Tennyson Primer ("Temple Primers'); Dowden, "Tennyson and Browning," in Studies in Literature, 1789–1877 (Scribner); for advanced students, Masterman, Tennyson as Religious Teacher (Knight and Millet).
READINGS: “Mariana,” “The Brook,” “The Lotos Eaters,” “Ulysses," "Enone." Among Tennyson's patriotic poems may be mentioned “The Charge of the Light Brigade,” “The Defense of Lucknow," "The Revenge," "The Third of February, 1852.” For Tennyson's theory of art, see “The Palace of Art.” Among the Arthurian poems, the student should know, beside the Idylls of the King, "The Lady of Shalott," "Sir Galahad,” “Sir Launcelot and Queen Guinevere. The following Idylls are suggested if the entire series is not read, “Dedication,” “The Coming of Arthur," "Gareth and Lynette," "The Holy Grail," "Guinevere," "The Passing of Arthur," "Epilogue.” For Tennyson's youthful and maturer feeling toward contemporary problems, compare "Locksley Hall" with "Locksley Hall Sixty Years After." For Tennyson's faith, the introduction to "In Memoriam," "The Higher Pantheism," "Crossing the Bar."
Browning. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Sharp, Life (G. W. S.); Cooke, Guidebook to Browning (Houghton); Symons, Introduction to the Study of Browning (Cassell); Dowden, “Tennyson and Browning,” in Studies in Literature, 1789–1877 (Scribner).
READINGS: The student should begin the study of Browning by reading the shorter poems such as the Dramatic Lyrics. Especially among these he should know “Cavalier Tunes," "The