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(Bohn); Benham, “Memoirs,” in Globe edition of Works (Macmillan); Leslie Stephen, "Cowper and Rousseau" in Hours in a Library vol. III (Putnam); Bagehot, "William Cowper" in Literary Studies, vol. I (Longmans).
READINGS: Cowper's works will be found to repay close and repeated reading, both for their intrinsic merits and for their intimate relations to the literary and general history of the time. The student should be familiar with the Letters (ed. by Benham, Macmillan), which can hardly be overpraised, and with The Task. He should know also the best of the shorter poems, such as Lines on the Receipt of My Mother's Picture, The Loss of the Royal George, The Castaway, John Gilpin, etc.
Burns. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Shairp, Burns (E. M. L.); Blackie, Life (G. W. S.); Carlyle, "Burns," in Critical and Miscellaneous Essays, and "Burns, The Hero as Man of Letters," in Heroes and Hero Worship. A convenient edition containing both essays is in Longmans' English Classics. Stevenson, "Some Aspects of Robert Burns," in Familiar Studies of Men and Books (Scribner); Henley, "Life, Genius, and Achievement," essay in his edition of the Works (Houghton).
READINGS: The following brief list contains only a few of Burns' more notable and familiar poems. It is intended only as an introduction to more extended study.
I. Songs: "O Wert Thou in the Cauld Blast,' ""John Anderson, My Jo," "To Mary in Heaven," "Highland Mary," "Ye Banks and Braes o' Bonnie Doon," "Flow Gently Sweet Afton," "O, My Luve's like a Red, Red Rose," "Scots Wha Hae wi' Wallace Bled," "Is There for Honest Poverty," "Macpherson's Farewell," ," "Auld Lang Syne," "For a' that and a' that."
II. Sympathy with Nature and Animals: "To a Mountain Daisy," "To a Mouse on Turning up her Nest with a Plough," "On Scaring some Water-fowl in Loch Turit," "On Seeing a Wounded Hare Limp by Me."
III. "Address to the Deil," "Address to the Unco' Guid.” IV. "The Cotter's Saturday Night," "Tam o' Shanter," "The Twa Dogs," "The Brigs of Ayr."
BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Myers, Life
(E. M. L.); Hazlitt, "On Wordsworth," in Lectures on the English Poets (Dodd); Bagehot, "Wordsworth, Tennyson, and Browning," in Literary Studies, vol. II (Longmans); Lowell, "Wordsworth," in Among My Books, vol. II (Houghton); Arnold, "Wordsworth," in Essays in Criticism, 2d series (Macmillan); Swinburne, "Wordsworth and Byron," in Miscellanies (Scribner).
READINGS: The best edition of Wordsworth's works is that by Knight, in 12 volumes (Macmillan); a good single volume edition is the Globe edition (Macmillan). A representative selection of poems for class reading is to be found in the Riverside Literature Series (Houghton).
"My Heart Leaps Up," "The Daffodils," "Three Years She Grew," "The Reverie of Poor Susan," "To the Cuckoo," "Lines on Revisiting Tintern Abbey," "Laodamia," "Ode on the Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood," "Ode to Duty." Sonnets: "The World is Too Much With Us," "Milton," "Composed upon Westminster Bridge," "King's College Chapel" (three sonnets), "When I Have Borne in Memory What Has Tamed." Lyrical: "The Solitary Reaper," "The Primrose of the Rock," "The Grave of Burns," "She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways," "She was a Phantom of Delight," "The Affliction of Margaret." Narrative: "Hartleap Well," "Ruth," "Michael," "The Brothers," "Rob Roy's Grave."
Coleridge. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: AND CRITICISM: Campbell, Life (Macmillan); Shairp, "Coleridge as Poet and Philosopher,' in Studies in Poetry and Philosophy, 2d edition (Houghton); Dowden, in New Studies in Literature (Scribner); Hazlitt, in The Spirit of the Age (Dodd).
READINGS: "The Ancient Mariner," "Christabel," "Kubla Khan,' ," "Destruction of the Bastile," "France, an Ode," "Youth and Age," "Complaint and Reply," "Work Without Hope," "Dejection, an Ode." For Coleridge's prose, see Selections from Prose Writings, ed. by Beers (Holt).
Scott. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: A knowledge of Lockhart's Life of Scott (which, with Boswell's Johnson, holds a foremost place in English biography) is indispensable. A good short
biography is Saintsbury's Life (Scribner). For criticism, Hazlitt, in The Spirit of the Age (Dodd); Carlyle, in Miscellaneous Essays (Scribner); Shairp, "Homeric Spirit in Walter Scott,' in Aspects of Poetry (Houghton); Lang, in his Introduction to Lyrics and Ballads of Sir Walter Scott (Scribner); Bagehot, "The Waverley Novels," in Literary Studies, vol. II (Longmans); Masson, in British Novelists and Their Style (Lothrop).
READINGS: Poetry: "The Lay of the Last Minstrel,” “Marmion," "The Lady of the Lake," "Rokeby," "The Eve of St. John." Many of Scott's shorter poems are scattered through Rokeby, the novels, etc. With the best of these the student should be familiar. See the Globe edition of the Poems (Macmillan). Novels: The Antiquary, Ivanhoe, The Talisman, Quentin Durward, Guy Mannering, The Bride of Lammermoor. For a knowledge of Scott the man, the student should read his Journal.
Lamb. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Ainger, Lamb (E. M. L.); Lucas, Life, 2 vols. (Putnam). The personality of Charles Lamb is one of the most interesting and most lovable in the history of English letters, and therefore the memoirs and recollections of his contemporaries are of particular value: see Talfourd, Memoirs of Charles Lamb (Gibbings); Hazlitt, The Lambs (Scribner); Proctor (Barry Cornwall), Charles Lamb (Little); De Quincey, "Recollections," and "C. Lamb," in his Works, ed. by Masson, vols. III and V (Black). For criticism, see Swinburne in Miscellanies (Scribner); Pater, Appreciations (Macmillan).
READINGS: In Essays of Elia: "Christ's Hospital Five and Thirty Years Ago," "The Two Races of Men," "The Old and New Schoolmaster," "Valentine's Day," "Modern Gallantry," "Dream Children, a Reverie," "New Year's Eve," "The Superannuated Man,' ," "A Dissertation upon Roast Pig," "A Bachelor's Complaint of the Behavior of Married People." The student should know the Tales from Shakespeare, by Charles and Mary Lamb.
De Quincey. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Masson, Life (E. M. L.); Findlay, Personal Recollections of De Quincey (A. and C. Black); Leslie Stephen, in Hours in a Library, vol. I
(Putnam); Saintsbury, in Essays in English Literature, 17801860 (Scribner); Burton, "The Vision of a Mighty Book Hunter," in The Book Hunter (Lippincott).
READINGS: Joan of Arc and English Mail Coach, ed. by J. M. Hart (Holt); Flight of a Tartar Tribe, ed. by C. S. Baldwin (Longmans); Selections, ed. by Bliss Perry (Doubleday). These selections form an admirable introduction to the more extended study of De Quincey's work. Mention must be made, moreover, of the papers on Murder Considered as One of the Fine Arts, remarkable not only for their irony, but also for their narrative passages. A most charming example of De Quincey's humor will be found in the third chapter of his Autobiographic Sketches, of particular interest to boys.
Byron. — BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Nichol, Life (E. M. L.); Trelawney, Recollections of Shelley and Byron (Frowde); Macaulay, in Essays, vol. I (Longmans); Arnold, Essays in Criticism, 2d series (Macmillan); Woodberry, "The Byron Centenary," in Makers of Literature (Macmillan).
READINGS: "The Prisoner of Chillon," "There's not a Joy the World Can Give," "Childe Harold" (Cantos III and IV), "Lines on Completing His Thirty-sixth Year," "She Walks in Beauty Like the Night," "English Bards and Scotch Reviewers." Byron is a poet of brilliant passages. With some of these the student should be familiar; he should know such passages as "He who hath bent him o'er the dead," from The Giaour; "Tis midnight; on the mountains brown," in The Siege of Corinth; the address to the Ocean and the Eve of Waterloo in Childe Harold; and "The Isles of Greece" from Don Juan. Several of these selections will be found in Ward's English Poets (Macmillan) and in Pancoast's Standard English Poems (Holt). Shelley. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Dowden, Life (Scribner); Symonds, Life (E. M. L.); Bagehot, in Literary Studies, vol. I (Longmans); Masson, in Wordsworth, Shelley, and Keats (Macmillan); Shairp, "Shelley as a Lyric Poet," in Aspects of Poetry (Houghton).
READINGS: "To a Skylark," "The Cloud," "Ode to the West Wind," "Arethusa," "The Indian Serenade," "Lines written
among the Euganean Hills," "Stanzas written in Dejection, near Naples," "Mont Blanc," "Mutability," "A Lament," “Adonais,” “Alastor," "Prometheus Unbound." In studying Shelley as a lyric poet the reader should turn to the choruses in "Prometheus Unbound" and "Hellas." Note particularly the "Life of Life, thy Lips Enkindle," from the former, and the last chorus from the latter of these two poems.
Keats. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Colvin, Life (E. M. L.); Masson, in Wordsworth, Shelley, and Keats (Macmillan); Lowell, in Among My Books, 2d series (Houghton); Arnold, in Essays in Criticism, 2d series (Macmillan).
READINGS: Romantic and Medieval: "The Eve of St. Agnes,” "The Eve of St. Mark," "La Belle Dame Sans Merci." Classical Poems: "Lamia," "Ode on a Grecian Urn," "Hyperion." Personal poems, Odes, Sonnets, etc.: “Ode to a Nightingale,” "Ode to Autumn," "Ode on Melancholy." Sonnets: "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer," "Keen, Fitful Gusts are Whispering Here and There,” “On the Sea," "Bright Star, Would I Were Steadfast as Thou Art" (Keats' last sonnet). Macaulay. - BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Trevelyan, Life and Letters, 2 vols. (Harper), is the standard life. Bagehot, essay on "Macaulay," in Literary Studies, vol. II (Longmans); Arnold, "Macaulay," in Mixed Essays (Macmillan); F. Harrison, “Lord Macaulay," in Studies in Early Victorian Writers (Lane); Leslie Stephen, "Macaulay," in Hours in a Library, vol. III (Putnam).
READINGS: Verse: "Ivry," "Lays of Ancient Rome," "The Battle of Naseby." Biographical and Critical Essays: "Addison," "Milton," "Bunyan," "Johnson," "History." These essays and Macaulay's poetry will be found in Miscellaneous Works, 5 vols., ed. by Lady Trevelyan (Harper). An example of Macaulay's art as an historian is to be found in chapter III, volume I, of the History of England, "The State of England in 1685." Carlyle. BIOGRAPHY AND Thomas CRITICISM: Froude, Carlyle, 4 vols. (Harper); Nichol, Life (E. M. L.); Shairp, "Prose Poets," in Aspects of Poetry (Houghton); Birrell, "Carlyle," in Obiter Dicta, vol. I (Scribner); Frederick Har