« iepriekšējāTurpināt »
Epistle to Dr. Arbuthnot; The Universal Prayer; Ode on Solitude; Moral Essays, I.
Steele. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Dobson, Richard Steele (Longmans); Thackeray, in the English Humourists (Holt).
READINGS: Selections from Steele, being papers from the Tatler, Spectator, and Guardian, ed. by Dobson (Clarendon Press); Selections, ed. by G. R. Carpenter (Ginn).
Addison. - BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Courthope, Addison (E. M. L.); Thackeray, in the English Humourists (Holt.)
READINGS: Essays, chosen and edited by J. R. Green (Macmillan); Selections from Addison's Papers in the Spectator, ed. by Arnold (Clarendon Press); Select Essays of Addison, with Macaulay's essay on Addison, ed. by Thurber (Allyn and Bacon); Roger De Coverley Papers, ed. by Winchester (American Book Co.). The student will find it interesting to compare these papers with the character studies in Overbury's "Characters," in his Works (Library of Old Authors, Scribner).
Defoe. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Minto, Defoe (E. M. L.). Leslie Stephen, "Defoe's Novels," in Hours in a Library, vol. I (Putnam).
READINGS: Journal of the Plague Year (Temple Classics); Robinson Crusoe (Everyman's Library); Essay on Projects (Cassell's National Library); Apparition of Mrs. Veal, in Pancoast's Standard English Prose (Holt); Defoe's Minor Novels, ed. by Saintsbury (Macmillan).
Swift. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Leslie Stephen, Swift (E. M. L.); Thackeray, in the English Humourists (Holt).
READINGS: Gulliver's Travels (Ginn); selections in Pancoast's English Prose (Holt).
Johnson. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Every student should be familiar, at least in part, with Boswell's Life of Johnson. Other shorter biographies are, Leslie Stephen's Johnson (E. M. L.), and Macaulay's Life (1856) in Encyclopedia Britannica, ninth ed. See also Carlyle's “Samuel Johnson," in Critical and Miscellaneous Essays.
READINGS: Lives of "Pope,” “Gray,” and “Collins," in the Lives of the Poets, ed. by Hill (Clarendon Press), or in the Bohn
edition. See also Selections, ed. by Osgood (Holt). POETRY: “London” and “The Vanity of Human Wishes,” in Hale's Longer English Poems (Macmillan).
Collins. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Johnson, in Lives of the Poets (Clarendon Press); Swinburne, in Miscellanies (Scribner).
READINGS: Odes, To Fear, To Simplicity, To Evening, To Peace, The Passions, On the Death of Thomson, On the Popular Superstitions of the Highlands of Scotland; Dirge in Cymbeline, - in Poems, with memoir, ed. by Thomas (Aldine Poets).
Gray. - BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Johnson, in Lives of the Poets (Clarendon Press); Lowell, in Latest Literary Essays (Houghton); Matthew Arnold, in Essays in Criticism, 2d series (Macmillan).
READINGS: Elegy in a Country Churchyard; Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College; On the Death of a Favourite Cat, Drowned in a Tub of Gold Fishes; The Bard; Ode for Music; The Fatal Sisters, an Ode, from the Norse Tongue.
Goldsmith. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Forster, Life and Times of Oliver Goldsmith, 2 vols. (Chapman and H.); W. Irving, Life (Putnam); De Quincey, in Essays on the Poets; Thackeray, in the English Humourists (Holt); Howitt, in Homes and Haunts of the British Poets (Routledge).
READINGS: The most convenient good edition of Goldsmith's works is the Globe edition, in one volume, ed. by Masson (Macmillan). The student should know The Deserted Village, The Traveller, The Vicar of Wakefield, and She Stoops to Conquer. A book of Selections from Goldsmith has been edited by Dobson (Clarendon Press).
Burke. - BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Morley, Life (E. M. L.); Morley, Edmund Burke; an Historical Study (Macmillan); Woodrow Wilson, “The Interpreter of English Liberty” in Mere Literature (Houghton).
READINGS: in Selections from Burke, ed. by Perry (Holt); Essay on the Sublime and Beautiful (Temple Classics); American Speeches and Letters on the Irish Question (Morley's Universal Library); Letter to a Noble Lord, ed. by Smyth (Ginn).
Cowper. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Southey, Life, 2 vols.
(Bohn); Benham, “Memoirs," in Globe edition of Works (Macmillan); Leslie Stephen, "Cowper and Rousseau" in Hours in a Library vol. III (Putnam); Bagehot, “William Cowper” in Literary Studies, vol. I (Longmans).
READINGS: Cowper's works will be found to repay close and repeated reading, both for their intrinsic merits and for their intimate relations to the literary and general history of the time. The student should be familiar with the Letters (ed. by Benham, Macmillan), which can hardly be overpraised, and with The Task. He should know also the best of the shorter poems, such as Lines on the Receipt of My Mother's Picture, The Loss of the Royal George, The Castaway, John Gilpin, etc.
Burns. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Shairp, Burns (E. M. L.); Blackie, Life (G. W. S.); Carlyle, “Burns,” in Critical and Miscellaneous Essays, and “Burns, The Hero as Man of Letters,” in Heroes and Hero Worship. A convenient edition containing both essays is in Longmans' English Classics. Stevenson, “Some Aspects of Robert Burns,” in Familiar Studies of Men and Books (Scribner); Henley, "Life, Genius, and Achievement," essay in his edition of the Works (Houghton).
READINGS: The following brief list contains only a few of Burns' more notable and familiar poems. It is intended only as an introduction to more extended study. I. Songs: “O Wert Thou in the Cauld Blast,"
.” “John Anderson, My Jo," "To Mary in Heaven,” “Highland Mary,” “Ye Banks and Braes o' Bonnie Doon,” “Flow Gently Sweet Afton," “O, My Luve's like a Red, Red Rose," "Scots Wha Hae wi' Wallace Bled," "Is There for Honest Poverty," "Macpherson's Farewell,”
,” “Auld Lang Syne,” “For a' that and a' that.” II. Sympathy with Nature and Animals: “To a Mountain Daisy,” “To a Mouse on Turning up her Nest with a Plough,” “On Scaring some Water-fowl in Loch Turit,” “On Seeing a Wounded Hare Limp by Me."
III. “Address to the Deil,' "Address to the Unco' Guid.”
IV. “The Cotter's Saturday Night,” “Tam o' Shanter,” "The Twa Dogs," "The Brigs of Ayr."
Wordsworth. — BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Myers, Life
(E. M. L.); Hazlitt,“On Wordsworth,” in Lectures on the English Poets (Dodd); Bagehot,“Wordsworth, Tennyson, and Browning,' in Literary Studies, vol. II (Longmans); Lowell, “Wordsworth," in Among My Books, vol. II (Houghton); Arnold, “Wordsworth," in Essays in Criticism, 2d series (Macmillan); Swinburne, “Wordsworth and Byron," in Miscellanies (Scribner).
READINGS: The best edition of Wordsworth’s works is that by Knight, in 12 volumes (Macmillan); a good single volume edition is the Globe edition (Macmillan). A representative selection of poems for class reading is to be found in the Riverside Literature Series (Houghton).
"My Heart Leaps Up," "The Daffodils," "Three Years She Grew," "The Reverie of Poor Susan,” “To the Cuckoo,” “Lines on Revisiting Tintern Abbey," "Laodamia," "Ode on the Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood," “Ode to Duty.” Sonnets: “The World is Too Much With Us," "Milton," "Composed upon Westminster Bridge," "King's College Chapel" (three sonnets), “When I Have Borne in Memory What Has Tamed.” Lyrical: “The Solitary Reaper," “The Primrose of the Rock,” “The Grave of Burns," "She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways,” “She was a Phantom of Delight," "The Affliction of Margaret." Narrative: "Hartleap Well," "Ruth," "Michael," "The Brothers," "Rob Roy's Grave.”
Coleridge. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Campbell, Life (Macmillan); Shairp, “Coleridge as Poet and Philosopher, in Studies in Poetry and Philosophy, 2d edition (Houghton); Dowden, in New Studies in Literature (Scribner); Hazlitt, in The Spirit of the Age (Dodd).
READINGS: “The Ancient Mariner," "Christabel," "Kubla Khan,” “Destruction of the Bastile,” “France, an Ode,” “Youth and Age,” “Complaint and Reply,” “Work Without Hope,” “Dejection, an Ode.” For Coleridge's prose, see Selections from Prose Writings, ed. by Beers (Holt).
Scott. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: A knowledge of Lockhart's Life of Scott (which, with Boswell's Johnson, holds a foremost place in English biography) is indispensable. A good short
biography is Saintsbury's Life (Scribner). For criticism, Hazlitt, in The Spirit of the Age (Dodd); Carlyle, in Miscellaneous Essays (Scribner); Shairp, “Homeric Spirit in Walter Scott," in Aspects of Poetry (Houghton); Lang, in his Introduction to Lyrics and Ballads of Sir Walter Scott (Scribner); Bagehot, “The Waverley Novels," in Literary Studies, vol. II (Longmans); Masson, in British Novelists and Their Style (Lothrop).
READINGS: Poetry: “The Lay of the Last Minstrel,” “Marmion,” “The Lady of the Lake,” “Rokeby," "The Eve of St. John.” Many of Scott's shorter poems are scattered through Rokeby, the novels, etc. With the best of these the student should be familiar. See the Globe edition of the Poems (Macmillan). Novels: The Antiquary, Ivanhoe, The Talisman, Quentin Durward, Guy Mannering, The Bride of Lammermoor. For a knowledge of Scott the man, the student should read his Journal.
Lamb. BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Ainger, Lamb (E. M. L.); Lucas, Life, 2 vols. (Putnam). The personality of Charles Lamb is one of the most interesting and most lovable in the history of English letters, and therefore the memoirs and recollections of his contemporaries are of particular value: see Talfourd, Memoirs of Charles Lamb (Gibbings); Hazlitt, The Lambs (Scribner); Proctor (Barry Cornwall), Charles Lamb (Little); De Quincey, "Recollections," and "C. Lamb," in his Works, ed. by Masson, vols. III and V (Black). For criticism, see Swinburne in Miscellanies (Scribner); Pater, Appreciations (Macmillan).
READINGS: In Essays of Elia: “Christ's Hospital Five and Thirty Years Ago," "The Two Races of Men,” “The Old and New Schoolmaster," "Valentine's Day," "Modern Gallantry," "Dream Children, a Reverie," "New Year's Eve," "The Superannuated Man," "A Dissertation upon Roast Pig,” “A Bachelor's Complaint of the Behavior of Married People.” The student should know the Tales from Shakespeare, by Charles and Mary Lamb.
De Quincey. - BIOGRAPHY AND CRITICISM: Masson, Life (E. M. L.); Findlay, Personal Recollections of De Quincey (A. and C. Black); Leslie Stephen, in Hours in a Library, vol. I