Lapas attēli
PDF
ePub

66

The sun, the moon, the stars, the seas, the hills and the plains Are not these, O Soul, the Vision of Him who reigns?"

[ocr errors]

Conclusion. Thus in Wordsworth and Carlyle, in Browning and in Tennyson, we find that deep religious earnestness, that astounding force, which we noted in those obscure English tribes who nearly fifteen centuries ago began to possess themselves of the Island of Britain. It is, indeed, this sound and vigorous character of the English race, underlying all the long centuries of its literary history, which gives a profound unity to all it has created. Browning's Prospice, that dauntless challenge to death from one who "was ever a fighter," repeats, in its cadence and spirit, poetry that comes to us from the dimly seen and far-off childhood of our race. If in the nineteenth century we have bartered and sold, and offered sacrifice to the Britannia of the market-place, it is still true that the problems of existence have never been dwelt on with more earnestness, that the greatest voices of the literature have called us with a new ardor to the eternal and the unseen. Henry Morley reminds us that the opening lines of Cadmon's Creation, the first words of English literature on English soil, are words of praise to the Almighty Maker of all things. After reviewing in outline the long and splendid history of the literature thus solemnly begun, we find in the two greatest poet-voices of our own day, Alfred Tennyson and Robert Browning, the note of an invincible faith, an undiminished hope; we find them affirming, in the historic spirit of the English race,

"Thy soul and God stand sure."

HISTORICAL.
GEORGE IV

WILLIAM IV

Opening of Manchester and Liverpool Railroad
Passage of Parliamentary Reform Bill

Abolition of Slavery.

IMPORTANT DATES

LITERARY.

VICTORIA

First electric telegraph in operation .

Steam communication established with United States.
Sub-marine cable between England and America.

Chartist Riots

Crystal Palace Exhibition.

Duty on newspapers abolished

Crimean War

Indian Mutiny

Canadian Provinces united as Dominion of Canada

Second Parliamentary Reform Bill
Victoria, Empress of India

Third Parliamentary Reform Bill .
Settlement and growth of Australia
Commonwealth of Australia established
Boer War in South Africa.

Prose-writers (historians, essayists, etc.).

THOMAS CARLYLE

Period of literary activity

THOMAS BABINGTON MACAULAY

Period of literary activity

JOHN HENRY NEWMAN
Apologia Pro Vitâ Suâ
JOHN RUSKIN

1820-1830

1830-1837

1830

1832

1833

1837-1901

1837

1840

1866

1842

1851

1855

1854-1856

1857

1867

1867

1876

1885

.about 1788-1901

1901 1899-1902

Modern Painters

Unto This Last

MATTHEW ARNOLD

1795-1881

about 1824-1881

. 1800-1859

about 1825-1859

.1801-1890

1864

1819-1900 .1843-1860 1862 1822-1888

1861

On Translating Homer
(Other prose-writers: JAMES A. FROUDE, E. A. FREEMAN,
FREDERIC HARRISON, LESLIE STEPHEN, J. R. GREEN, WALTER
H. PATER, J. A. SYMONDS, etc.)

NOVELISTS.

WILLIAM MAKEPEACE THACKERAY

Vanity Fair

Henry Esmond

CHARLES DICKENS.

Period of literary activity

GEORGE ELIOT

Scenes of Clerical Life

Daniel Deronda

GEORGE MEREDITH
THOMAS HARDY

POETS.

1858
1876

1828-1909

.born 1840

(Other novelists and story-writers: CHARLES READE; ANTHONY
TROLLOPE; CHARLOTTE, EMILY, and ANNE BRONTË; CHARLES
KINGSLEY, WILKIE COLLINS, R. L. STEVENSON, RUDYARD
KIPLING, etc.).

Atalanta in Calydon

Poems and Ballads

1811-1863
1847

1852

ALFRED TENNYSON

Period of literary activity

ROBERT BROWNING

Period of literary activity

RISE OF PRE-RAPHAELITE SCHOOL OF POETRY AND

PAINTING

about 1848

Prominent in this movement were DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI (1828-1882) and WILLIAM MORRIS (1834-1896). ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE

1812-1870

. about 1834-1870

1820-1881

founded ...

CHARLES DARWIN

1837-1909
1864
1866

(Other poets of the period: EDWARD FITZGERALD (Omar Khay-
yám, 1859), MATTHEW ARNOLD, COVENTRY PATMORE,
GEORGE MEREDITH, JAMES THOMSON, ALFRED AUSTIN,
AUSTIN DOBSON, WILLIAM Watson, Rudyard Kipling, etc.)

Origin of Species

HERBERT SPENCER
THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY

SCIENCE.

SIR CHARLES LYELL'S Principles of Geology

British Association for the Advancement of Science

1809-1892

.about 1830-1892

1812-1889

.about 1833-1889

1830

1831

1809-1882

1859 1820-1903 1825-1895

[ocr errors][merged small]

FOREIGN DATES

Fall of Charles X

Revolution in France.
Revolution in France. Abdication of Louis Philippe.
Italy united under King Victor Emanuel

Civil War in United States.
France becomes a Republic

1830

1848

1861

1861-1865

1871

« iepriekšējāTurpināt »