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8 1.414 The United States Patent and
Trademark Office as a Designated
Office or Elected Offlce. (a) The United States Patent and Trademark Office will act as a Designated Office or Elected Office for international applications in which the United States of America has been designated or elected as a State in which patent protection is desired.
(b) The United States Patent and Trademark Office, when acting as a Designated Office or Elected Office during international processing will be identified by the full title “United States Designated Office" or by the abbreviation “DO/US” or by the full title “United States Elected Office" or by the abbreviation “EO/US”.
(c) The major functions of the United States Designated Office or Elected Office in respect to international applications in which the United States of America has been designated or elected, include:
(1) Receiving various notifications throughout the international stage and
(2) Accepting for national stage examination international applications which satisfy the requirements of 35 U.S.C. 371.
and Trademark Office will act as an International Preliminary Examining Authority for international applications filed in the United States Receiving Office and in other Receiving Offices as may be agreed upon by the Commissioner, in accordance with agreement between the Patent and Trademark Office and
the International Bureau.
(b) The United States Patent and Trademark Office, when acting as an International Preliminary Examining Authority, will be identified by the full title “United States International Preliminary Examining Authority” or by the abbreviation “IPEAJUS.”
(c) The major functions of the International Preliminary Examining Authority include:
(1) Receiving and checking for defects in the Demand;
(2) Collecting the handling fee for the International Bureau and the prelimi. nary examination fee for the United States International Preliminary Examining Authority;
(3) Informing applicant of receipt of the Demand;
(4) Considering the matter of unity of invention;
(5) Providing an international preliminary examination report which is a non-binding opinion on the questions whether the claimed invention appears to be novel, to involve an inventive step (to be non-obvious), and to be industrially applicable; and
(6) Transmitting the international preliminary examination report to applicant and the International Bureau.
(52 FR 20047, May 28, 1987)
8 1.415 The International Bureau.
(a) The International Bureau is the World Intellectual Property Organization located at Geneva, Switzerland. It is the international intergovernmental organization which acts as the coordinating body under the Treaty and the Regulations (PCT Art. 2 (xix) and 35 U.S.C. 351 (h)).
(b) The major functions of the International Bureau include:
(1) Publishing of international applications and the International Gazette;
(2) Transmitting copies of international applications to Designated Offices;
(3) Storing and maintaining record copies; and
(4) Transmitting information to authorities pertinent to the processing of specific international applications.
[52 FR 20047, May 28, 1987)
WHO MAY FILE AN INTERNATIONAL
g 1.421 Applicant for international ap
plication. (a) Only residents or nationals of the United States of America may file international applications in the United States Receiving Office. If an international application does not include an applicant who is indicated as being a resident or national of the United States of America, and at least one applicant:
$ 1.416 The United States International
Preliminary Examining Authority. (a) Pursuant to appointment by the Assembly, the United States Patent
(1) Has indicated a residence or nationality in a PCT Contracting State,
(2) Has no residence or nationality indicated; applicant will be so notified and, if the international application includes a fee amount equivalent to that required by $1.445(a)(5), the international application will be forwarded for processing to the International Bureau acting as a Receiving Office. (See also $1.412(c)(6).)
(b) Although the United States Receiving Office will accept international applications filed by any resident or national of the United States of America for international processing international application designating the United States of America will be accepted by the Patent and Trademark Office for the national stage only if filed by the inventor or as provided in 81.422, 1.423 or $1.425.
(c) International applications which do not designate the United States of America may be filed by the assignee or owner.
(d) The attorney or agent of the applicant may sign the international application Request and file the international application for the applicant if the international application when filed is accompanied by a separate power of attorney to that attorney or agent from the applicant. The separate power of attorney from the applicant may be submitted after filing if sufficient cause is shown for not submitting it at the time of filing. Note that paragraph (b) of this section requires that the applicant be the inventor if the United States of America is designated.
(e) Any indication of different applicants for the purpose of different Designated Offices must be shown on the Request portion of the international application.
(f) Changes in the person, name, or address of the applicant of an international application shall be made in accordance with PCT Rule 92bis.
(g) The wording of PCT Rule 92bis is as follows:
PCT Rule 92bis-Recording of Changes in Certain Indications in the Request or the Demand
92bis Recording of Changes by the International
Bureau (a) The International Bureau shall, on the request of the applicant or the receiving Office, record changes in the following indications appearing in the request or demand:
(1) Person name, residence, nationality or address of the applicant,
(11) Person, name or address of the agent, the common representative or the inventor.
(b) The International Bureau shall not record the requested change if the request for recording is received by it after the expiration:
(i) Of the time limit referred to in Article 22(1), where Article 39(1) is not applicable with respect to any Contracting State;
(ii) Of the time limit referred to in Article 39(1)(a), where Article 39(1) is applicable with respect to at least one Contracting State. (43 FR 20466, May 11, 1978, as amended at 53 FR 47810, Nov. 28, 1988; 60 FR 21440, May 2, 1995)
$ 1.422 When the inventor is dead.
In case of the death of the inventor, the legal representative (executor, administrator, etc.) of the deceased inventor may file an international application which designates the United States of America.
8 1.423 When the inventor is insane or
legally incapacitated. In case an inventor is insane or otherwise legally incapacitated, the legal representative (guardian, conservator, etc.) of such inventor may file an international application which designates the United States of America.
8 1.424 Joint inventors.
Joint inventors must jointly file an international application which designates the United States of America; the signature of either of them alone, or less than the entire number will be insufficient for an invention invented by them jointly, except as provided in $ 1.425.
§ 1.425 Filing by other than inventor.
(a) If a joint inventor refuses to join in an international application which designates the United States of America or cannot be found or reached after diligent effort, the international application which designates the United States of America may be filed by the other inventor on behalf of himself or herself and the omitted inventor. Such
an international application which designates the United States of America must be accompanied by proof of the pertinent facts and must state the last known address of the omitted inventor. The Patent and Trademark Office shall forward notice of the filing of the international application to the omitted inventor at said address.
(b) Whenever an inventor refuses to execute an international application which designates the United States of America, or cannot be found or reached after diligent effort, a person to whom the inventor has assigned or agreed in writing to assign the invention or who otherwise shows sufficient proprietary interest in the matter justifying such action may file the international application on behalf of and as agent for the inventor. Such an international application which designates the United States of America, must be accompanied by proof of the pertinent facts and a showing that such action is necessary to preserve the rights of the parties or to prevent irreparable damage, and must state the last known address of the inventor. The assignment, written agreement to assign or other evidence of proprietary interest, or a verified copy thereof, must be filed in the Patent and Trademark Office. The Office shall forward notice of the filing of the application to the inventor at the address stated in the application.
(2) The international application is in the English language (35 U.S.C. 361(c), PCT Art. 11(1)(ii)).
(3) The international application contains at least the following elements (PCT Art. 11(1)(iii)):
(i) An indication that it is intended as an international application (PCT Rule 4.2);
(ii) The designation of at least one Contracting State of the International Patent Cooperation Union ($1.432);
(iii) The name of the applicant, as perscribed (note $$1.421–1.424);
(iv) A part which on the face of it ap pears to be a description; and
(v) A part which on the face of it appears to be a claim.
(c) Payment of the basic portion of the international fee (PCT Rule 15.2) and the transmittal and search fees ($ 1.445) may be made in full at the time the international application papers required by paragraph (b) of this section are deposited or within one month thereafter. If the basic transmittal and search fees are not paid within one month from the date of receipt of the international application, applicant will be notified and given one month within which to pay the deficient fees plus a late payment fee equal to the greater of:
(1) 50% of the amount of the deficient fees up to a maximum amount equal to the basic fee, or
(2) An amount equal to the transmittal fee (PCT Rule 16bis).
The one-month time limit set in the notice to pay deficient fees may not be extended.
(d) If the payment needed to cover the transmittal fee, the basic fee, the search fee, one designation fee and the late payment fee pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section is not timely made, the Receiving Office will declare the international application withdrawn under PCT Article 14(3)(a). (43 FR 20466, May 11, 1978, as amended at 50 FR 9383, Mar. 7, 1985; 52 FR 20047, May 28, 1987; 58 FR 4344, Jan. 14, 1993)
THE INTERNATIONAL APPLICATION
8 1.431 International application
quirements. (a) An international application shall contain, as specified in the Treaty and the Regulations, a Request, a description, one or more claims, an abstract, and one or more drawings (where required). (PCT Art. 3(2) and section 207 of the Administrative Instructions.)
(b) An international filing date will be accorded by the United States Receiving Office, at the time to receipt of the international application, provided that:
(1) At least one applicant ($ 1.421) is a United States resident or national and the papers filed at the time of receipt of the international application so indicate (35 U.S.C. 361(a), PCT Art. 11(1)(i)).
8 1.432 Designation of States and pay.
ment of designation fees. (a) The designation of States including an indication that applicant wishes to obtain a regional patent, where applicable, shall appear in the Request
upon filing and must be indicated as may also indicate under PCT Rule set forth in PCT Rule 4.9 and section 4.9(b) that all other designations per115 of the Administrative Instructions. mitted under the Treaty are made. The Applicant must specify at least one na latter indication under PCT Rule 4.9(b) tional or regional designation on filing must be made in a statement on the of the international application for a Request that any designation made filing date to be granted.
under this paragraph is subject to con(b) If the fees necessary to cover all firmation (PCT Rule 4.9(c)) not later the national and regional designations than the expiration of 15 months from specified in the Request are not paid by the priority date by: the applicant within one year from the (1) Filing a written notice with the priority date or within one month from United States Receiving Office specifythe date of receipt of the international ing the national and/or regional desapplication if that month expires after ignations being confirmed; the expiration of one year from the pri (2) Paying the designation fee for ority date, applicant will be notified each designation being confirmed; and and given one month within which to (3) Paying the confirmation fee specipay the deficient designation fees plus
fied in $1.445(a)(4). a late payment fee equal to the greater Unconfirmed designations will be conof 50% of the amount of the deficient sidered withdrawn. If the amount subfees up to a maximum amount equal to mitted is not sufficient to cover the the basic fee, or an amount equal to designation fee and the confirmation the transmittal fee (PCT Rule 16bis). fee for each designation being conThe one-month time limit set in the firmed, the Receiving Office will allonotification of deficient designation cate the amount paid in accordance fees may not be extended. Failure to with any priority of designations specitimely pay at least one designation fee fied by applicant. If applicant does not will result in the withdrawal of the specify and priority of designations, international application. The one des the allocation of the amount paid will ignation fee may be paid:
be made in accordance with PCT Rule (1) Within one year from the priority 16bis.1(c). date,
(58 FR 4344, Jan. 14, 1993) (2) Within one month from the date of receipt of the international applica 1.433 Physical requirements of intertion if that month expires after the ex
national application. piration of one year from the priority (a) The international application and date, or
each of the documents that may be re(3) With the late payment fee defined ferred to in the check list of the Rein this paragraph within the time set quest (PCT Rule 3.3(a)(ii)) shall be filled in the notification of the deficient des in one copy only. ignation fees. If after a notification of (b) All sheets of the international apdeficient designation fees the applicant plication must be on A4 size paper (21.0 makes timely payment,
but the x 29.7 cm.). amount paid is not sufficient to cover (c) Other physical requirements for the late payment fee and all designa international applications are set forth tion fees, the Receiving Office will, in PCT Rule 11 and sections 201-207 of after allocating payment for the basic, the Administrative Instructions. search, transmittal and late payment fees, allocate the amount paid in ac
8 1.434 The request. cordance with PCT Rule 16bis.1(c) and (a) The request shall be made on a withdraw the unpaid designations. The standardized form (PCT Rules 3 and 4). notification of deficient designation Copies of printed Request forms are fees pursuant to this paragraph may be available from the Patent and Trademade simultaneously with any notifi mark Office. Letters requesting printed cation pursuant to $1.431(c).
forms should be marked “Box PCT." (c) On filing the international appli (b) The Check List portion of the Recation, in addition to specifying at quest form should indicate each doculeast one national or regional designa ment accompanying the international tion under PCT Rule 4.9(a), applicant application on filing.
(c) All information, for example, addresses, names of States and dates, shall be indicated in the Request as required by PCT Rule 4 and Administrative Instructions 110 and 201.
(d) International applications which designate the United States of America shall include:
(1) The name, address and signature of the inventor, except as provided by $$ 1.421(d), 1.422, 1.423 and 1.425;
(2) A reference to any copending national application or international application designating the United States of America, if the benefit of the filing date for the prior copending application is to be claimed. (43 FR 20466, May 11, 1978, as amended at 58 FR 4345, Jan. 14, 1993)
riod, the international filing date shall be the date on which such drawings are received. If such drawings are not timely received, all references to drawings in the international application shall be considered non-existent (PCT Art. 14(2), Administrative Instruction 310).
(c) The physical requirements for drawings are set forth in PCT Rule 11 and shall be adhered to.
8 1.438 The abstract.
(a) Requirements as to the content and form of the abstract are set forth in PCT Rule 8, and shall be adhered to.
(b) Lack of an abstract upon filing of an international application will not affect the granting of a filing date. However, failure to furnish an abstract within one month from the date of the notification by the Receiving Office will result in the international appplication being declared withdrawn.
8 1.435 The description.
(a) Requirements as to the content and form of the description are set forth in PCT Rules 5, 9, 10 and 11 and Administrative Instruction 204, and shall be adhered to.
(b) In international applications designating the United States the description must contain upon filing an indication of the best mode contemplated by the inventor for carrying out the claimed invention.
8 1.436 The claims.
The requirements as to the content and format of claims are set forth in PCT Art. 6 and PCT Rules 6, 9, 10 and 11 and shall be adhered to. The number of the claims shall be reasonable, considering the nature of the invention claimed.
$ 1.445 International application filing,
processing and search fees. (a) The following fees and charges for international applications are established by the Commissioner under the authority of 35 U.S.C. 376: (1) A transmittal fee (see 35 U.S.C.
361(d) and PCT Rule 14)............. .$220.00 (2) A search fee (see 35 U.S.C. 361(d) and PCT Rule 16) where: (1) No corresponding prior United
States national application with
basic filing fee has been filed ..........$660.00 (ii) A corresponding prior United
States national application with
basic filing fee has been filed..........$430.00 (3) A supplemental search fee when re
quired, per additional invention .....$190.00 (b) The basic fee and designation fee portions of the international fee shall be prescribed in PCT Rule 15. (35 U.S.C. 6; 15 U.S.C. 1113, 1123) (43 FR 20466, May 11, 1978, as amended at 52 FR 20047, May 28, 1987; 54 FR 9432, Mar. 7, 1989; 60 FR 41023, Aug. 11, 1995)
8 1.437 The drawings.
(a) Subject to paragraph (b) of this section, when drawings are necessary for the understanding of the invention, or are mentioned in the description, they must be part of an international application as originally filed in the United States Receiving Office in order to maintain the international filing date during the national stage (PCT Art. 7).
(b) Drawings missing from the application upon filing will be accepted if such drawings are received within 30 days of the date of first receipt of the incomplete papers. If the missing drawings are received within the 30-day pe
8 1.446 Refund of international appli
cation filing and processing fees. (a) Money paid for international application fees, where paid by actual mistake or in excess, such as a payment not required by law or Treaty and its Regulations, will be refunded.