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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas, Chairman JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi

ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan ROBERT L. F. SIKES, Florida

ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois OTTO E. PASSMAN, Louisiana

SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania

BURT L. TALCOTT, California TOM STEED, Oklahoma

JACK EDWARDS, Alabama GEORGE E. SHIPLEY, Illinois

ROBERT C. McEWEN, New York JOHN M. SLACK, West Virginia

JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana JOHN J. FLYYT, JR., Georgia

J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia NEAL SMITH, Iowa

CLARENCE E. MILLER, Ohio ROBERT N. GIAIMO, Connecticut

LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York

C. W. BILL YOUNG, Florida JOHN J. McFALL, California

JACK F. KEMP, New York EDWARD J. PATTEN, New Jersey

WILLIAM L. ARMSTRONG, Colorado CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland

RALPH S. REGULA, Ohio
SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois

CLAIR W. BURGENER, California
FRANK E. EVANS, Colorado
DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin
EDWARD R. ROYBAL, California
LOUIS STOKES, Ohio
J. EDWARD ROUSH, Indiana
GUNN MCKAY, Utah
TOM BEVILL, Alabama
BILL CHAPPELL, JR., Florida
BILL D. BURLISON, Missouri
BILL ALEXANDER, Arkansas
EDWARD I. KOCH, New York
YVONNE BRATHWAITE BURKE,

California
JOHN P. MURTHA, Pennsylvania
BOB TRAXLER, Michigan
ROBERT DUNCAN, Oregon
JOSEPH D. EARLY, Massachusetts
MAX BAUCUS, Montana
CHARLES WILSON, Texas
KEITH F. MAINLAND, Clerk and Staff Director

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, 1652

1976

1

Pt. 1

COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

GEORGE H. MAHON, Texas, Chairman WHITTEN, Mississippi

ELFORD A. CEDERBERG, Michigan L. F. SIKES, Florida

ROBERT H. MICHEL, Illinois PASSMAN, Louisiana

SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts 'INS, Tennessee

GARNER E. SHRIVER, Kansas
P. BOLAND, Massachusetts JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania
H. SATCHER, Kentucky

MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota
FLOOD, Pennsylvania

BURT L. TALCOTT, California CD, Oklahoma

JACK EDWARDS, Alabama 2. SHIPLEY, Illinois

ROBERT C. MCEWEN, New York LACK, West Virginia

JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana DYNT, JR., Georgia

J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia TH, Iowa

CLARENCE E. MILLER, Ohio . GIAIMO, Connecticut

LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania ADDABBO, New York

C. W. BILL YOUNG, Florida FALL, California

JACK F. KEMP, New York PATTEX, New Jersey

WILLIAM L. ARMSTRONG, Colorado D. LONG, Maryland

RALPH S. REGULA, Ohio
YATES, Ilinois

CLAIR W. BURGENER, California
CVANS, Colorado
BEY, Wisconsin
· ROYBAL, California
ES, Ohio

ROL'SH, Indiana
IY, Utah
L, Alabama
PELL, JR., Florida
ILISON, Missouri
INDER, Arkansas
KOCH, New York
ATHWAITE BURKE,

THA, Pennsylvania
CR, Michigan
NCAN, Oregon
ARLY, Massachusetts

Montana
LSON, Texas
Keith F, MAINLAND, Clerk and Staff Director

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From 1961 to 1965 he was Chief of the Department's Data Systems staff in the Office of the Secretary of Labor. He served from October 1965 to October 1966 as Deputy Director of the Department's Office of Financial Management and Data Systems.

He presently teaches graduate seminars in industrial relations, and personnel and manpower management at American University and George Washington University, and is a frequent speaker and lecturer at meetings of business, labor, and the academic community.

Dr. Burdetsky received a Ph. D. in Business Administration from American University in 1968. He received a B.S. degree (1950) and an M.S. degree (1958) from Temple University.

He is a member of the Industrial Relations Research Association (Executive Board-1975–78), a fellow in the American Statistical Association, and the International Association of Personnel in Employment Security.

OPENING STATEMENT Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, I appreciate the opportunity to appear before you today to present the budget request for employment and training assistance for fiscal year 1977.

The Employment and Training Assistance appropriation, formerly the comprehensive manpower assistance appropriation, provides the resources for programs authorized under titles I, II, III, and IV of the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act of 1973, as amended (CETA).

The Employment and Training Assistance appropriation has three budget activities: State and local programs, national programs, and for the first time, a summer youth employment program, the total amount reequested at this time for these activities in fiscal year 1977 is $2,394,330,000 or a net increase of $6 million over the fiscal year 1976 appropriation of $2,388,330,000, which is in national programs. I will now go into specifics concerning this request.

STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS

The request for State and local programs totals $1,980 million, the same amount as requested for 1976. This amount includes $1,580 million for title I comprehensive training and employment programs and $100 million for title II public service employment programs.

COMPREHENSIVE TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS The request of $1,580 million will provide financial assistance to over 430 State and local prime sponsors to design and operate comprehensive training and employment programs tailored to meet the specific needs of their communities, as authorized under title I of CETA. These funds will permit prime sponsors-generally States, counties, or cities with populations of 100,000 or more, or voluntary combinations of these areas to enroll an estimated 1.3 million economically disadvantaged, unemployed, and underemployed persons in various training and employment programs.

Traditionally these training and employment opportunities have included classroom training, on-the-job training, work experience, vocational education and counseling, remedial education, job placement services, and transitional public service employment.

Projected enrollments by program based on 1975 actual experience indicates that approximately 60 percent of 1977 enrollees will probably be in work experience programs, 23 percent in classroom training and the remaining 17 percent in public service employment, on-the-job training, or receiving job placement services. However, as prime sponsors develop their 1977 program operating plans in light of current economic con itions, the program mix could change. With the expected improvement in the economy by 1977, more emphasis is expected to be placed on training programs aimed primarily at serving the economically disadvantaged, and less emphasis on work experience.

PUBLIC SERVICE EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS

A total of $2,100 million is being requested for public service employment jobs, including $1,700 million as a fiscal year 1976 supplemental to the Temporary Employment Assistance appropriation and $400 million in fiscal year 1977 included in this request.

Approximately 310,000 public service jobs are currently being funded under titles II and VI of the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act. Title II

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