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COMMITTEE ON FINANCE

EUGENE D. MILLIKIN, Colorado, Chairman ROBERT A. TAFT, Ohio

WALTER F. GEORGE, Georgia HUGH BUTLER, Nebraska

ALBEN W. BARKLEY, Kentucky OWEN BREWSTER, Maine

TOM CONNALLY, Texas HARLAN J. BUSHFIELD, South Dakota HARRY FLOOD BYRD, Virginia ALBERT W. HAWKES, New Jersey

EDWIN C. JOHNSON, Colorado EDWARD MARTIN, Pennsylvania

SCOTT W. LUCAS, Illinois

SHERWOOD B. STANLEY, Clerk
II

CONTENTS

N.J.

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Statement of-

Page

Barker, Mrs. Stella E., Des Moines, Iowa.

185

Benson, Lawrence E., president, Benson & Benson, Inc., Princeton,

246
Brandt, John, president, Land O’Lakes Creameries, Inc., Litchfield,
Minn..

161

Brightman, M. H., executive secretary, Dairy Industry Committee-- 280

Carlson, Anton J., department of physiology, University of Chicago,

Chicago, Ill.

101

Chamberlain, Mrs. E. G., member of the board of directors of George-

town House, representing the National Federation of Settlements,

Inc., New York, N. Y.

146

Cohen, Mrs. Rena, representing the National League of Women
Shoppers.-

141

Corbett, Robert J., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Pennsylvania

99

Duncan, Rich L., secretary-manager of Falls Cities Cooperative
Milk Producers' Association, Louisville, Ky---

292
Earngey, Willard B. Jr., superintendent, Norfolk General Hospital,

Norfolk, Va., and member of the Council on Government Regula-
tions, American Hospital Association -

131

Fichter, Joseph W., master, Ohio State Grange, Oxford, Ohio, repre-

senting the National Grange -

207

Fulbright, J. William, a United States Senator from the State of
Arkansas..

56
Hines, Lewis G., national legislative representative, American Fed-
eration of Labor, Washington, D. C.-

109
Holman, Charles W., secretary, National Cooperative Milk Producers
Federation..

242, 252

Horst, Miles, Pennsylvania secretary of agriculture, read by Donald

M. Cresswell, chief, crop reporting and information, Pennsylvania

Department of Agriculture, Harrisburg, Pa...

224

Householder, Glen M., director of extension service, the Holstein-

Friesian Association of America on behalf of the Purebred Cattle
Association, Brattleboro, Vt-

294
Jackson, Robert C., Washington representative, National Cotton
Council of America, Memphis, Tenn.-

153
Jones, J. Roy, commissioner of agricultur. for the State of South

Carolina and vice president of the Assoc. :n of Southern Com-
missioners of Agriculture, Columbia, S. C----

149

Koenig, Louis, chairman, chemistry and chemical engineering depart-

ment, Armour Research Foundation, Illinois Institute of Technology - 234

Lamkin, Mrs. Robert, legislative chairman of the Arlington brauch

of the American Association of University Women, representing

the American Association of University Women, Washington, D. C.- 143

Lepper, Henry, Food and Drug Administration, Washington, D. C.. 215

Lytle, R. G., general manager, North Carolina Milk Producers Fed-

eration, Greensboro, N. C..

289

Maybank, Burnet R., a United States Senator from the State of South

Carolina---

30

McLatchey, George W., vice president, American Dairies, Inc.,
Kansas City, Mo.

226
McNaughton, Mrs. Ella, national chairman of legislation for the
American Home Economics Association.

144

Montgomery, Donald, Congress of Industrial Organizations, Wash-

ington, D.C..

111
Page

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Statement of-Continued

Murray, Reid F., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Wisconsin..

Nelsen, Ancher, State senator, State of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minn.-

Nelson, Albert J., Swanville, Minn., on behalf of National Creameries

Association..

Newcomb, Elliott H., national executive director of AMVETS, Wash-

ington, D. C..

Ottenberg, Mrs. Louis, member of the national board of the National

Council of Jewish Women, New York, N. Y.

Peters, Leo, Evanston, Ill...

Potter, Paul, partner, Paul Potter & Associates, industrial relations

consultants to the dairy industry, Chicago, Ill..

Rivers, S. Mendel, a Representative in Congress from the State of

South Carolina -

Smith, Harold 0., Jr., executive vice president, United States Whole-

sale Grocers Association, Washington, D. C.-

Strauss, Miss Anna Lord, president, League of Women Voters of the

United States, Washington, D. C..

Strayer, George M., secretary, American Soybean Association, Hud-

Swanton, Milo K., executive secretary, Wisconsin Council of Agri-

cultural Cooperatives, Madison, Wis.

Taylor, Tyre, National Association of Retail Grocers of the United

States, Washington, D. C-----

Thye, Edward J., a United States Senator from the State of Minne-

sota.

Walley, Ersel, president, American Soybean Association, Fort

Wayne, Ind".

Weir, Miss Marion, member of the board of directors of the National

Association of Consumers, New York, N. Y., and chairman, St.

Louis Consumer Federation.

Wiggins, A. Lee M., Under Secretary of the Treasury
Whitehill, Mrs. Jean L., representing Consumers Union of the United

States, Inc., New York, N. Y..

Letters, statements, charts, etc., submitted for the record by-

H. R. 2245..

Akron Milk Producers, Inc., Akron, Ohio, letter.

American Association of University Women, New York City branch,

statement.

American Dairy Association of Arizona, letter endorsing resolution...

American Dairy Association of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, Okla.,

letter.

Arizona Dairymen's League, Phoenix, Ariz., letter -

Arizona Milk Producers, Phoenix, Ariz., statement.

Barker, Mrs. Stella E., Des Moines, Iowa, study conducted in 8 cities

covering 150 restaurants to determine the nature of substitutes

being served as spread...

Benson, Lawrence E., president, Benson & Benson, Inc., Princeton,

N. J., paper, High Lights, opinion survey

Brandt, John, president, Land O’Lakes Creameries, Inc., Litchfield,

Minn.:

Survey, oleo prices -

Statement..

Burnham, John, executive secretary, North Dakota Dairy Industries

Association, statement.

Brightman, M. H., executive secretary, Dairy Institute Committee,

chart, milk products--

Capitol City Products Co., Columbus, Ohio, telegram.-
Challenge Cream and Butter Association, Los Angeles, Calif., letter.-
Churngold Corp., Cincinnati, Ohio, telegram.
Colorado Dairy Products Association, Inc.

, Denver, Colo., letter.
Communications Workers of America, statement.
Consolidated Badger Cooperative, Shawano, Wis., statement-
Consumer Conference of Greater Cincinnati, letter..
Co-operative Pure Milk Association, Cincinnati, Ohio, statement-
Cudahy Packing Co., Chicago, Ill., statement-

138

187

252

170
171

Letters, statements, charts, etc., submitted for the record by—Continued Page

Dairymen's Cooperative Sales Association, Pittsburgh, Pa., letter- 334

Dairymen's League Cooperative Association, Inc., New York, N. Y.,

letter.

334

Denver Milk Producers, Inc., Denver, Colo., letter..

335

District of Columbia Federation of Women's Clubs, statement-

336

Durkee Famous Foods, Cleveland, Ohio, telegram.

337

Enid Cooperative Creamery Association, Enid, Okla., statement.- 337

Farmers Cooperative Creamery Association, Keosauqua, Iowa, letter-- 338

Fulbright, J. William, a United States Senator from the State of

Arkansas:

Table: Imports of margarine and principal ingredients, 1930–47.- 50

Statement.

56

Digest: Restrictions on the Sale of Margarine in Public Eating

Places

80

Memorandum on constitutionality of amendment requiring noti-

fication of use of oleomargarine in restaurants, etc...

List of organizations who have adopted resolutions favoring repeal
of taxes on margarine---

376
List of newspapers that have favorably commented editorially
upon the repeal of taxes on margarine --

379

Letters from various organizations favoring repeal of margarine

taxes.

393

Paper, Probable Economic Effects on the Dairy Industry of
Repeal of Antimargarine Legislation -

302
Gem Valley Dairymen's Cooperative Association, Inc., Thatcher,
Idaho, letter.

338

General Dairy Equipment, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn., letter.

339

Gilmartin, Earl, Spokane, Wash., statement-

232

Hatfield, John N., chairman, Council on Government Relations,

American Hospital Association, statement..

132

Hines, Lewis G., national legislative representative, American Feder-
ation of Labor, Washington, D. C., statement..

110

Holman, Charles W., secretary, National Cooperative Milk Producers

Federation:

Proposed amendments to H. R. 2245_--

257

List of officers and member organizations, with addresses..

243

Tables 1 to 13.

258, 270

Memorandum on Federal regulation of oleomargarine.-

97

Memorandum on the use of the color yellow by the butter in-

dustry---

287

Hull, Merlin, a Representative in Congress from the State of Wis-
consin, statement..

242

Illinois Dairy Products Association, Inc., Chicago, Ill., letter.

340

International Association of Machinists, statement-

340

Iowa Creameries Association, Inc., statement.--

342

Iowa Holstein Breeders' Association, Waterloo, Iowa, letter---

343

Jackson, Robert C., Washington representative, National Cotton
Council of America, statement..

153
Jacobson, C. O., Oklahoma Butter Institute, telegram.

231
Johnston, Olin D., a United States Senator from the State of South
Carolina, statement-

51

Jones, J. Roy, commissioner of agriculture for the State of South

Carolina:

Statement of the Southern commissioners of agriculture---

150

Statement as commissioner of agriculture for the State of South

Carolina...

157

Kentucky Margarine Consumers Committee, letter enclosing reso-

lution..

345

Lagomarcino Grupe Co., Burlington, Iowa, letter.

346

Linwood Creamery, Wichita, Kans., letter-

346

Lucas, Scott W., a United States Senator from the State of Illinois,
memorandum, Butter Has No Trade-Mark Right to the Color
Yellow..

157

Maryland and Virginia Milk Producers Association, Inc., statement-- 347

Maybank, Burnet R., a United States Senator from the State of South

Carolina, statement in hearings on Revenue Act of 1943..

347

McCann, R., Fort Collins, Colo., letter--

348
275

Letters, statements, charts, etc., submitted for the record by—Continued

Page

McDonald Cooperative Dairy Co., Flint Mich., letter.

349

Memorandums:

Imports of margarine and principal ingredients, 1930–47.

50

Restrictions on the sale of margarine in public eating places..

80

Federal powers of regulation of restaurant sale of oleomargarine- 93

Federal regulation of oleomargarine.

97

Records, reports, and penalties for wholesale grocers handling 275

oleomargarine

121

Average costs of manufacturing butter.

Margarine production costs.-

275

Number of people employed in margarine and related industries.

278

Butter has no trade-mark right to the color of yellow---

283

Use of the color yellow by the butter industry--

Probable economic effects on the dairy industry of repeal of anti-

margarine legislation.

Miami Margarine Co., Cincinnati, Ohio, telegram.

349

Michigan State Grange, Niles, Mich., letter...

349

Milk Drives and Dairy Employees Union, Local No. 471, Minneapolis,

Minn., letter enclosing resolution-

349

Millikin, Eugene D., a United States Senator from the State of
Colorado:
Letter regarding hearings..

1
Classification of arguments for and against taxation of oleo-
margarine, House hearings.

2
Digest of debate in the House of Representatives on H. R. 2245... 13

Milwaukee Cooperative Milk Producers, Milwaukee, Wis., letter - 350

Minnesota Dairy Industry Committee, St. Paul, Minn., letter en-

closing excerpts from biennial report of dairy commissioner of State

of Minnesota and circular, Nine Reasons Why the Federal Oleo

Laws Should Be Retained.

351

Murphy, William J., dairy commissioner, State of North Dakota,

statement.

355

National-American Wholesale Grocers' Association, letter-

115, 356

National Education Association, statement.-

357

National Women's Trade Union League of America, Washington,

D. C., letter

357

North_Fork_Creamery Association, Hotchkiss, Colo., letter-

358

Ohio Farm Bureau Federation, Columbus, Ohio, letter..

359

Ohio Milk Producers Federation, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, letter--

359

Oklahoma Butter Institute, Oklahoma City, Okla., letter.

360

Ord Cooperative Creamery Co., Ord, Nebr., letter--

361

Owen, R. E., representing dairy interests of the inland empire, Spo-

kane, Wash., letter.

361

People's Lobby, Inc., Washington, D. C., letter

362

Potter, Paul, partner, Paul Potter & Associates, memorandum,

Average Costs of Manufacturing Butter.

275

Progressive Farmers of Wisconsin, Seymour, Wis., letter.

362

Pure Milk Products Cooperative, Madison, Wis., letter.

363

Pure Milk Products Cooperative, Fond du Lac, Wis., statement. 364

Rivers, S. Mendel, a Representative in Congress from the State of

South Carolina, article, Margarine and the Growth of Children -- 42

Rotary Club of Ord, Ord, Nebr., letter..

366

Rutherford County Milk Producers Association, Rutherfordton,

N. C., letter

367

Schultze, Paul A. Co., St. Louis, Mo., letter

367

Smith, Harold O., Jr., executive vice president, United States Whole-

sale Grocers Association, statement, records, reports, and penalties

for wholesale grocers handling oleomargarine.

121
Swanton, Milo K., executive secretary, Wisconsin Council of Agri-
cultural Cooperative, Madison, Wis., supplemental statement-

313
Taylor, Tyre, National Association of Retail Grocers of the United
States, resolution.

115

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