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REFERENCES Walter L. Pforzheimer, "Historical Perspective on Copyright Law and Fair Use" in Lowell H. Hattery and George P. Bush, (eds.) Reprography and Copyright Law, Washington, D.C., American Institute of Biological Sciences, 1964, p. 25.


Emmette S. Redford, American Government and the Economy, New York, The Macmillan Co., 1965, p. 13.


Saxe Commins and Robert N. Linscott (eds.) Man and the State: The Political Philosophers, New York, Random House, Inc., 1947, p. 56.

Walter L. Pforzheimer, op. cit., p.24.
5p. L. 94-553, Section 301, 94th Congress, October 19, 1976.


Emmette S. Redford, op. cit., pp. 6, 7. 7 Peter 0. Steiner, "The Public Sector and The Public Interest" in Robert H. Haveman and Julius Margolis (eds.), Public Expenditures and Policy Analysis, Chicago, Rand McNally Publishing Co., 1970, p.21.


ibid,. p. 21. 9

ibid,. p. 25. 10

Robert M. Hurt and Robert M. Schuchman, "The Economic Rationale of Copyright" in The Economics of Publishing, American Economic Rev.,

May 1966, pp. 421-432. 11

ibid., p. 425.

ibid., p. 429. 13 ibid., p. 429. 14p. L. 94-553, Section 102(a) 15

Hurt and Schuchman, op. cit., p. 424.



Joseph Taubman, "Creation, Copyright and the Constitutional Clause," Bulletin. Copyright Society of the U.S.A. (1959), vol. 6, pp. 163164.



18 Paul Goldstein, "The Private Consumption of Public Goods: A Comment

on Williams & Wilkins Co. v. United States," Bulletin. Copyright Society of the U.S.A. (1974), vol. 21, p. 207.



Association of American Publishers, Inc., "Program for the Provision of copies of Technical-Scientific-Medical Journal Articles and for Related Information Service Copies," March 17, 1977, One Park Avenue,

New York, N.Y. 10016 20

National Commission on New Technological Uses of Copyrighted Works Preliminary Report, Oct. 1976, National Technical Information Service,

Springfield, Va. 22161, Report No. PB 260373. 21

Kenneth J. Arrow, "The Organization of Economic Activity: Issues pertinent to the choice of Market Versus Non-Market Allocation," in Robert H. Haveman and Julius Margolis (eds.), op. cit., p. 68.




Peter 0. Steiner, op. cit., p. 30.


Hurt and Schuchman, op. cit., p. 425. 25

ibid., p. 428. 26

Stephen Breyer, "The Uneasy Case for Copyright: A Study of Copyright in Books, Photocopies and Computer Programs" Harvard Law Review, vol.

84, no. 2, Dec. 1970, pp. 281-351. 27

ibid., p. 348.


Calvin Mooers, "Preventing Software Piracy" COMPUTER, March, 1977,

p. 30.


Edwin Mansfield, Microeconomics: Theory and Applications, Second

Edition, New York, Norton, 1975, p. 164.
30p. L. 94-553, Section 115.
Melville Nimmer, "Copyright vs. The First Amendment" Bulletin.
Copyright Society of the U.S.A. (1970), pp. 255-279.
Paul Goldstein, op. cit., pp. 206-208.




Walter L. Pforzheimer, op. cit., p. 28. 34 ibid., p. 29. 35

Hurt and Schuchman, op. cit., p. 429-430. 36

Edwin Mansfield, op. cit., p. 302. 37P. L. 94-553, Section 102(b). 38 Joseph Taubman, op. cit.



ibid., p. 154. 40

Hurt and Schuchman, op. cit., p. 431
Copyright Law Revision (1967), Hearings before the Subcommittee on
Patents, Trademarks and Copyrights of the Committee on the Judiciary,
United States Senate, Ninetieth Congress, First Session, Part 1,

March 15, 16, and 17, 1967. 42

ibid., p. 71. 43

ibid., p. 85. 44.

ibid., p. 53.


Julius J. Marke, Copyright and Intellectual Property, New York, Fund for the Advancement of Education, 1967.


Copyright Law Revision (1967), op. cit., p. 609.

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Copyright Law Revision (1967), op. cit., p. 71.

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National Academy of Sciences, Information Systems Panel, Computer Science and Engineering Board, Libraries and Information Technology: A National System Challenge. Report to the Council on Library Resources, Inc. Washington, D.C., 1971, p. 10.


* Copyright Law Revision (1967), op. cit., pp. 570-578. 55ibid., p. 571. 56 ibid., p. 573. 57ibid., p. 576-517.

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Cambridge Research Institute, Omnibus Copyright Revision, Comparative Analysis of the Issues, Washington, D.C. American Society for Information Science, 1973, pp. 87-100. Federal Management of Scientific and Technical Performation (STINFO) Activities: The Role of the National Science Foundation, Special Subcommittee on the National Science Foundation of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, United States Senate, July, 1975, p. 22.


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ibid., p. 79. 67

Daniel Bell, "Remarks of the Moderator," in The Management of Information and Knowledge, Committee on Science and Astronautics, U.S.

House of Representatives, 1970, p. 14. 68

Peter F. Drucker, The Age of Discontinuity-Guidelines to our Changing Society, New York, Harper & Row, 1968.


Gerald M. Weinberg, The Psychology of Computer Programming, New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1971.


Dennie Van Tassel, Program Style, Design, Efficiency, Debugging, and

Testing, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1974. 71

Frederick P. Brooks, Jr., The Mythical Man-Month, Essays on Software Engineering, Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1975.


Walter Lippmann, The Public Philosophy, New York, Mentor Books, 1956,

p. 127.

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Thomas R. Dye, Understanding Public Policy, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,
Prentice-Hall, 1972, p. 23.
Theodore J. Lowi, "American Business, Public Policy, Case Studies,
and Political Theory," World Politics, vol. 16, n.4, July 1964,


p. 689.


ibid., p. 691. 77

quoted in Joseph Weizenbaum, Computer Power and Human Reason, San Francisco, W. H. Freeman and Co., 1976, p. 26.


David B. Truman, The Governmental Process, New York, Knopf, 1951,

p. 502. 79

Victor Ferkiss, Technological Man: The Myth and the Reality, New

York, George Braziller, 1969, p. 163. 80

David B. Truman, op. cit., p. 514. 81

ibid., p. 512.

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