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65 67 45 35 53 57 67 66

48

50 48 45 45 48 58 50 50

Clear and warm.

Do.
Cloudy.
Cloudy.
Rain.
Cloudy.
Clear ; wind from north.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
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Do.

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Rain and cloudy.
Cloudy.
Cloudy.

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1857.
July ..
August...
September.
October
November,
December

1858.
January..
February
March
April
May
June
July -

.40 .00

.22

29.58 43. 85 42.83 59. 30 61. 29 74. 73 78. 25

53. 19
60.28
66. 35
80.08
87. 77
93. 63
92. 61

37.32 35. 07 50.90 60.90 63. 06 73. 96 77. 38

40. 04
46.51
53. 37
66. 79
70.70
80.80
80. 16

.00

.00

1.59 2. 59

HYGROMETER.

1857.

July ...
August.
September
October
November
December

69. 13
68. 32
62. 33
52.83
42. 33
27. 45

79. 54
72. 35
68. 70
62.06
53. 16
43. 93

70. 12 69.80 62.40 55. 38 46. 66 34. 22

72.80 70, 15 64. 44 56.81 47.49 35. 19

1858.

January February March April May June July

26.83
31.03
37.22
49. 30
51. 74
62. 56
68.51

43. 77
49. 35
55.90
60.86
62.80
71. 30
75. 16

31. 74
37. 17
43. 73
51. 06
53. 45
62. 66
68. 03

34. 00 39.08 45. 55 63. 76 55. 99 65.50 70.58

Ex. Doc. 367

Memoranda for Emigrants.

The best season for emigrants, or persons driving stock over this route, to leave the neighborhood of Fort Belknap, Texas, is about the latter part of July, or the first of August; for the reason that along the eastern line of travel through Texas, connecting with this road at El Paso, the rainy season is just ending, and water is abundant in all “jornadas," and the grass is in its most favorable condition. West of the Rio Grande, moreover, the same advantages are obtained, besides having the cool months to pass down the Gila, and from Fort Yuma to San Diego, or other parts of California over the Colorado desert.

Should it be desirable to recruit stock about the vicinity of the Mimbres river, a camp should be formed about six (6) miles above the road crossing, where wood, water and grass abound.

. During the summer months, and when the Gila is low, large droves of cattle would pass more easily down the San Pedro to its mouth, and thence down the Gila, fording that river several times ; wagons could not be carried over this route.

All recruiting of stock should be done along the San Pedro, and the Gila end of the route passed over rapidly ; particularly with large bands of stock, as they run great risk of being scattered and lost in the wide, brushy, bottom lands.

Corn and wheat can be obtained at all points on the Rio Grande, varying in price from $1 50 to $2 50 per fanega (of 21 bushels.) It can also be obtained at Tucson, fifty miles from the crossing of the San Pedro, and at the Maricopa villages on the Gila,

Persons passing along during the dry season between Ojo la Vaca and Ojo Excavado, with a large amount of stock, should divide

their herd at the crossing of Burr's cañon, nine miles from Ojo la Vaca, sending a portion up the cañon five miles to a tank in the rocks, by an old road, joining the present one, one mile beyond Ojo Excavado.

The places where most particular caution in regard to Indians must be exercised are at the crossing of the Mimbres, the Piloncillo pass, and along the San Pedro river; though they are not at all troublesome if any guard whatever is maintained.

Persons going to the vicinity of Fort Buchanan take all left hand roads, beyond Croton springs; going to Tucson, from crossing of San Pedro, take left hand road, three miles from river, near spring.

N. H. HUTTON.

Table of distances and camping places on the line of El Paso and Fort Yuma wagon road.

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Miles. Miles. El Paso...

0

0 Cotton wood. (ranche

22.0 22.0 Wood, water, and grass abundant. Crossing of Rio Grande.. 20.0 42.0

Do.

do. La Mesilla.

3.0 45.0

Do. El Picacho..

6, 2 51.2 Wood at short distance; good water and grass. Tank....

25.0 76.2 Wood at short distance ; rain water, good

grass. Cook's spring ----

25. 2 101.4 Wood, water, and grass abundant and con

venient. Rio Mimbres.

16,8 118.2 Grass and water convenient, wood scarce. Ojo la Vaca...

13,4 131. 6 Wood and grass at short distance; good

spring water. Ojo Excavado.

13. 1 144. 7 Wood, water, and grass convenient. Tank.....

17.1 161.8 No wood; grass and water convenient. Well.....

11.1 172.9

Do.

do. Cottonwood spring

11.9 184.8 Wood, water, and grass convenient; water

not permanent. Rio San Domingo...

14.0

198.8 Wood and water convenient, grass poor. Sycamore spring-

23.4 222.2 Wood, water, and grass convenient and

abundant. Croton spring

23. 6 245. 8 Spring water abundant; wood and grass

distant. Rio San Pedro ..

22.8 268. 6 Wood, water, and grass abundant, and at

convenient points. Mouth of Arrivaypa----- 52. 1 320.7 Wood, water, and grass abundant, and at

convenient points. Spring, (cottonwood)------ 15.6 336.3 Wood, water, and grass convenient, not

abundant or permanent. Spring...

0.8
337. 1 Wood, water, and grass convenient; spring

uncertain. Spring 34 miles from road.- 11.5 348.6 Wood, water, and grass convenient; spring

uncertain. Rio Gila....

19.2 367.8 Wood, water, and grass abundant and con

venient. Zaceleno camp---

15.6 383.4 Wood, water, and grass abundant and con

venient. Maricopa wells..

21.0 404.4 Spring water; grass and wood at short dis

tance. Foot of Little Desert. 38.9443.3 Wood and grass convenient, water little

distant, grass scanty. 2d watering place --- 7.6 450. 9 Wood and water convenient, grass scattering

and poor. Oatman's flat

20.3 471,2 Wood, water, and grass convenient and

abundant. Wellsville camp...

15,5 486.7 Wood, water, and grass convenient. Good camping ground 14.0 500,7

Do.

do. White's ranche. 17.0 517.7

do. Antelope peak...

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