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1 the copyright in the work endures for the term specified by subsections 2 (a) or (b), based on the life of the author or authors whose identity 3 has been revealed. Any person having an interest in the copyright in 4 an anonymous or pseudonymous work may at any time record, in 5 records to be maintained by the Copyright Office for that purpose, a 6 statement identifying one or more authors of the work; the statement 7 shall also identify the person filing it, the nature of his interest, the 8 source of his information, and the particular work affected, and shall 9 comply in form and content with requirements that the Register of 10 Copyrights shall prescribe by regulation. 11 (d) RECORDS RELATING TO DEATH OF AUTHORS.—Any person having 12 an interest in a copyright may at any time record in the Copyright 13 Office a statement of the date of death of the author of the copy14 righted work, or a statement that the author is still living on a par16 ticular date. The statement shall identify the person filing it, the 16 nature of his interest, and the source of his information, and shall 17 comply in form and content with requirements that the Register 18 of Copyrights shall prescribe by regulation. The Register shall 19 maintain current records of information relating to the death of 20 authors of copyrighted works, based on such recorded statements 21 and, to the extent he considers practicable, on data contained in any 22 of the records of the Copyright Office or in other reference sources. 23 (e) PRESUMPTION AS TO AUTHOR'S DEATH.—After a period of 24 seventy-five years from the year of first publication of a work, or a 25 period of one hundred years from the year of its creation, whichever 26 expires first, any person who obtains from the Copyright Office a certi27 fied report that the records provided by subsection (d) disclose nothing 28 to indicate that the author of the work is living, or died less than fifty 29 years before, is entitled to the benefit of a presumption that the author 30 has been dead for at least fifty years. Reliance in good faith upon this 31 presumption shall be a complete defense to any action for infringement 32 under this title. 33 8303. Duration of copyright: Works created but not published or 34

copyrighted before January 1, 1975 35 Copyright in a work created before January 1, 1975, but not there36 tofore in the public domain or copyright, subsists from January 1, 37 1975, and endures for the term provided by section 302. In no case, 38 however, shall the term of copyright in such a work expire before 39 December 31, 1999; and, if the work is published on or before Decem40 ber 31, 1999, the term of copyright shall not expire before December 31, 41 2024.

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1 8 304. Duration of copyright: Subsisting copyrights 2 (a) COPYRIGHTS IN THEIR FIRST TERM ON JANUARY 1, 1975.—Any 3 copyright, the first term of which is subsisting on January 1, 1975, 4 shall endure for twenty-eight years from the date it was originally 5 secured: Provided, That in the case of any posthumous work or of any 6 periodical, cyclopedic, or other composite work upon which the copy7 right was originally secured by the proprietor thereof, or of any work 8 copyrighted by a corporate body (otherwise than as assignee or licensee 9 of the individual author) or by an employer for whom such work is 10 made for hire, the proprietor of such copyright shall be entitled to a 11 renewal and extension of the copyright in such work for the further 12 term of forty-seven years when application for such renewal and ex13 tension shall have been made to Copyright Office and duly regis14 tered therein within one year prior to the expiration of the original 15 term of copyright: And provided further, That in the case of any other 16 copyrighted work, including a contribution by an individual author 17 to a periodical or to a cyclopedic or other composite work, the author 18 of such work, if still living, or the widow, widower, or children of the 19 author, if the author be not living, or if such author, widow, widower, 20 or children be not living, then the author's executors, or in the absence 21 of a will, his next of kin shall be entitled to a renewal and extension of 22 the copyright in such work for a further term of forty-seven years 23 when application for such renewal and extension shall have been made 24 to the Copyright Office and duly registered therein within one year 25 prior to the expiration of the original term of copyright: And pro26 vided further, That in default of the registration of such application 27 for renewal and extension, the copyright in any work shall terminate 28 at the expiration of twenty-eight years from the date copyright was 29 originally secured. 30 (b) COPYRIGHTS IN THEIR RENEWAL TERM OR REGISTERED FOR RE31 NEWAL BEFORE JANUARY 1, 1975.---The duration of any copyright, the 32 renewal term of which is subsisting at any time between December 31, 33 1973, and December 31, 1974, inclusive, or for which renewal registra34 tion is made between December 31, 1973, and December 31, 1974, 35 inclusive, is extended to endure for a term of 75 years from the date 36 copyright was originally secured. 37 (c) TERMINATION OF TRANSFERS AND LICENSES COVERING Ex38 TENDED RENEWAL TERM.—In the case of any copyright subsisting in 39 either its first renewal term on January 1, 1975, other than a copy40 right in a work made for hire, the exclusive or nonexclusive grant of a

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transfer or license of the renewal copyright or of any right under it, executed before January 1, 1975, by any of the persons designated by the second proviso of subsection (a) of this section, otherwise than by will, is subject to termination under the following condition:

(1) In the case of a grant executed by a person or persons other than the author, termination of the grant may be effected by the surviving person or persons who executed it. In the case of a grant executed by one or more of the authors of the work, termination of the grant may be effected, to the extent of a particular author's share in the ownership of the renewal copyright, by the author who executed it or, if such author is dead, by the person or persons who, under clause (2) of this subsection, own and are entitled to exercise a total of more than one half of that author's termination interest.

(2) Where an author is dead, his or her termination interest is owned, and may be exercised, by his widow (or her widower) and children or grandchildren as follows:

(A) The widow (or widower) owns the author's entire termination interest unless there are any surviving children or grandchildren of the author, in which case the widow (or widower) owns one half of the author's interest;

(B) The author's surviving children, and the surviving children of any dead child of the author, own the author's entire termination interest unless there is a widow (or widower), in which case the ownership of one half of the author's interest is divided among them;

(C) The rights of the author's children and grandchildren are in all cases divided among them and exercised on a per stirpes basis according to the number of his children represented; the share of the children of a dead child in a termination interest can be exercised only by the action of a ma

jority of them. (3) Termination of the grant may be effected at any time during a period of five years beginning at the end of fifty-six years from the date copyright was originally secured, or beginning on January 1, 1975, whichever is later.

(4) The termination shall be effected by serving an advance notice in writing upon the grantee or his successor in title. In the case of a grant executed by a person or persons other than the author, the notice shall be signed by all of those entitled to termi

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nate the grant under clause (1) of this subsection, or by their duly authorized agents. In the case of a grant executed by one or more of the authors of the work, the notice as to any one author's share shall be signed by him or his duly authorized agent or, if he is dead, by the number and proportion of the owners of his termination interest required under clauses (1) and (2) of this subsection, or by their duly authorized agents.

(A) The notice shall state the effective date of the termination, which shall fall within the five-year period specified by clause (3) of this subsection, and the notice shall be served not less than two or more than ten years before that date. A copy of the notice shall be recorded in the Copyright Office before the effective date of termination, as a condition to its taking effect.

(B) The notice shall comply, in form, content, and manner of service, with requirements that the Register of Copyrights

shall prescribe by regulation. (5) Termination of the grant may be effected notwithstanding any agreement to the contrary, including an agreement to make a will or to make any future grant.

(6) In the case of a grant executed by a person or persons other than the author, all rights under this title that were covered by the terminated grant revert, upon the effective date of termination, to all of those entitled to terminate the grant under clause (1) of this subsection. In the case of a grant executed by one or more of the authors of the work, all of a particular author's rights under this title that were covered by the terminated grant revert, upon the effective date of termination, to that author or, if he is dead, to the persons owning his termination interest under clause (2) of this subsection, including those owners who did not join in signing the notice of termination under clause (4) of this subsection. In all cases the reversion of rights is subject to the following limitations:

(A) A derivative work prepared under authority of the grant before its termination may continue to be utilized under the terms of the grant after its termination, but this privilege does not extend to the preparation after the termination of other derivative works based upon the copyrighted work covered by the terminated grant.

(B) The future rights that will revert upon termination

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of the grant become vested on the date the notice of termination has been served as provided by clause (4) of this subsection.

(C) Where an author's rights revert to two or more persons under clause (2) of this subsection, they shall vest in those persons in the proportionate shares provided by that clause. In such a case, and subject to the provisions of subclause (D) of this clause, a further grant, or agreement to make a further grant, of a particular author's share with respect to any right covered by a terminated grant is valid only if it is signed by the same number and proportion of the owners, in whom the right has vested under this clause, as are required to terminate the grant under clause (2) of this subsection. Such further grant or agreement is effective with respect to all of the persons in whom the right it covers has vested under this subclause, including those who did not join in signing it. If any person dies after rights under a terminated grant have vested in him, his legal representatives, legatees, or heirs at law represent him for purposes of this subclass.

(D) A further grant, or agreement to make a further grant, of any right covered by a terminated grant is valid only if it is made after the effective date of the termination. As an exception, however, an agreement for such a further grant may be made between the author or any of the persons provided by the first sentence of clause (6) of this subsection, or between the persons provided by subclause (C) of this clause, and the original grantee or his successor in title, after the notice of termination has been served as provided by clause (4) of this subsection.

(E) Termination of a grant under this subsection affects only those rights covered by the grant that arise under this title, and in no way affects rights arising under any other Federal, State, or foreign laws.

(F) Unless and until termination is effected under this section, the grant, if it does not provide otherwise, continues

in effect for the remainder of the extended renewal term. 8 305. Duration of copyright: Terminal date

All terms of copyright provided by sections 302 through 304 run to the end of the calendar year in which they would otherwise expire.

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